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Diabetes Health Education

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Meredith Hoggatt

on 2 February 2010

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Transcript of Diabetes Health Education

Type One Type Two Diabetes Diabetes is a disorder in which insulin can not be put to use by body cells Essentially what happens in a normal body is insulin is floating around in the blood stream. If the body's blood glucose level, a sugar gained by eating food, is raised, the insulin finds a receptor on the cell, named the insulin receptor. When the insulin is attached to this receptor, the receptor sends a signal to a protien, that will let glucose into the cell to be used. This in turn will lower the blood glucose level back to normal levels. However, in diabetes, insulin either is not present at all to start the process, or the insulin receptor is resistant to the insulin present, and will deny access, thus stopping the process. If this process is not allowed to start, then blood glucose levels will rise in the blood, and cells will start to die. Well, what causes diabetes? There are actually two ways to cause diabetes, and each cause casues a different type of diabetes. Diabetes Video Cause is unknown
however current research
suggests that genetics and the
immune system play roles Type 2 diabetes is caused
when the pancreas stops
creating enough insulin, or the
cells become resistant to the insulin
present Symptoms Symptoms for type 1 diabetes include
•Frequent urination
•Unusual thirst
•Extreme hunger
•Unusual weight loss
•Extreme fatigue and Irritability
Symptoms Symptoms for Type 2 Diabetes are similar to Type 1:
•Any of the type 1 symptoms
•Frequent infections
•Blurred vision
•Cuts/bruises that are slow to heal
•Tingling/numbness in the hands/feet
•Recurring skin, gum, or bladder infections

Often patients don't have any symptoms at all Short-Term Effects Increased thirst/hunger
Frequent urination
Fatigue
Blurred vision Short-Term Effects Increased thirst and hunger
Frequent urination
Extreme Fatigue
Blurred Vision Long-Term Effects Atherosclerosis
Heart/Stroke
Kidney Failure
Damage to nerves in limbs
Urinary tract infections
Bacterial skin infections
Retina Damage
Long-Term Effects Atherosclerosis
Heart attack/stroke
Bacterial skin infections
Retina Damage
Kidney Failure
Damage to nerves in limbs
Urinary tract infections Treatments Insulin Shots
Eat a regular healthy diet
Maintain a healthy wieght
Keep accurate records of blood sugar levels and insulin dosages
Visit your doctor regularly Treatments If overwieght, slim down to an acceptable wieght
Maintain the healthy weight
Eat a regular balanced diet
Exercise regularly
Insulin shots may become required even for patients with Type 2 Diabetes These treatments however only slow the disease down, and death is still common amoung patients with Type 1 These treatments, if followed, are effective at controlling the disease, making Type 2 very livable. Prevention Type 1 Diabetes in nonpreventable, because scientists believe it is genetic It often shows up in children Prevention Type 2 Diabetes however is preventable. If you eat a healthy diet and exercise regularly you will be able to prevent this type of diabetes
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