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Sense of Nation in England
Transcript of Sense of Nation in England
By Chase Swartz
The England that we know today comes from over 2500 years of history. It has been influenced by many different rulers and cultures, as well as leaders and events. In order to understand England's sense of nation today, we have to review how it got to its place in our society today.
Important Historic Events
Culture In England
The People Who Shaped England
How This Effects England Sense of Nation
How This Effects England's Sense of Nation?
The Romans ruled in England between the years 43 - 409. During their time in Britain, the Romans helped to develop in agriculture, industry and architecture. The cities that we know today as London, Manchester and York were founded under Roman rule and called Londinium, Mamucium, and Eburacum, respectively. The Roman's also introduced several different plant species and at least two animal species. During their occupation, the Romans roads, some of which are still used today, though they have been reconstructed.
The Anglo Saxon's
The Anglo Saxon's conquered and took control of Britain in 410 and ruled until 1066, when they were overthrown by the Vikings. Anglo Saxon's are germanic people including the Angles, Saxons, Frisii, and Jutes. The term Anglo Saxon is also a reference to the language that was spoken during the time period when they were in power, also known as old English. Architecture, language, and religious influence, as by 1066 most of the pagan religion had been driven out and replaced by Christianity, the most popular religion in England today.
The Vikings began their invasion of Britain in 739 and continued to fight with the Anglo Saxon's over control until 1066. The legacy of Vikings in England is mostly apparent in folk tales that continue to be told and passed through the generations, as well as some cuisine.
The Normans took power from the Vikings in 1066 and their reign continued until 1154. During the Norman reign of the country architecture is one of the largest things left behind, many building built by the Normans are still standing today, including churches, cathedrals and castles. Much of the Norman artwork is still evident in England today as well, on display in museums across the country.
Middle Ages / The Renaissance
During the middle ages the throne was constantly being passed down to and heir by the king and Queen. Many architectural landmarks remain from that time, as well as thousands pieces of artwork retrieved from sights all across the country. During this time was also the Black Plague and the 100 year war against France. Many written works have also been recorded from history books to fairy tales. This was also the time of discovery in which new idea's came to light about our world and North America was discovered.
Politcal System in England / Great Britain Today
Although Britain still has a Queen she is looked upon more as a figurehead than a leader and really has no political power. Britain has a democracy in which they elect their leader with the first past the post system and have a Prime Minister (David Cameron at present). Any bills must pass through the Cabinet and the house of commons, much like in Canada. A general election must be held at least every 5 years.
England is built
The first British hill forts were built sometime between 800 and 700 BC. After that England's evolution was built by the Roman's, the Vikings, The Anglo Saxon's and The Normans. They created the English language, marked the towns and cities, built roads, constructed buildings, and created the English heritage, including converting the people to the most popular religion in England today which is Christianity. Needless to say England would not be the same without all of the cultural influence received from these groups.
The Renaissance was an exciting time, as people were able to be more open and begin making exciting new discoveries. England advanced in literature (although Shakespeare would later overshadow their works), architecture and music as well as the other arts. The English Renaissance did not happen until over a century after it had begun in Italy and is not considered of the same caliber.
The Black Death In England
Like many other European countries, England was struck by the black death ( the bubonic plague) in 1348. The disease originated in China and made it's way to England on ships and along the trade routes. The plague could be passed from human to human but was also spread by rats. It is estimated that anywhere between 25% and 60% of the population was killed by the virus.
Civil War / Revolution
The Civil War / Revolution in England was against their King: Charles I. The Civil War lasted for 9 years from 1642-1651 and ended with the King being other thrown and beheaded, his son King Charles II was exiled from England. The English monarchy was replaced by the English Commonwealth, but because of the churches strength they were able to bring back the monarchy under the condition that they could not govern with the consent from parliament.
The people of England were victorious against their king during the civil war but they also had many other victories. The English were also victorious in the battle of Waterloo against Napoleon, ending the Napoleon restoration. The British also came out on top in both World War I and II, defeating the German's with the help of the allies.
England suffered its greatest losses within some of its own colonies. The American Revolution was a bloody affair which, in the end, resulted in the loss of America. Britain also lost control of India after years of protest and debate. An entire British regiment of over 1000 soldiers were also entirely wiped out by the Zulu Army during the Zulu war.
Sir Isaac Newton
Sir Isaac Newton is the man known for creating universal gravitational laws, as well as the laws of motion. He was, and still is, considered a great mathematician and laid a lot of the groundwork for later discoveries. He lived from 1642 - 1727, to the ripe age of 84. During which time he published several books about his mathematical and mechanical theories. He also studied alchemy and the speed of sound.
William Shakespeare is known as one of the greatest writers of all time and has been called England's national poet. He lived from 1564 - 1616 and died at the age of 52. During that time he wrote no less than 37 plays and 154 sonnets. Some of his works include: Julius Caesar, A Mid Summer Nights Dream, Much Ado About Nothing, and of course Romeo and Juliet.
Charles Darwin is most famous for his theory of evolution which still stands to date as the most scientifically approved view of where we come from. He lived from 1809- 1882 when he died at the age of 73. Darwin also coined the theory of natural selection in which the weaker, less adapted animal would die off because of the stronger, more adapted animal. Darwin is held as one of the most influential figures in history.
Sir Winston Churchill
Winston Churchill was the British Prime Minister between the years 1940 - 1945 and again between 1951-1955. He is the only Prime Minister to win a Nobel Prize in literature, as he was also a writer and a historian. Before the second World War erupted Winston Churchill tried time and time again to warn of the dangers of the nazi party, when the former Prime Minister resigned, Churchill took his place and stayed secured in his position until the Nazi Regime had ended. As a leader he was able to inspire the British people time and time again.
The Beatles consist of John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Hirrison, and Ringo Star and are also known as "The Fab Four". They are considered, perhaps, the greatest band of all time and hold countless awards because of their success. The Beatles, have helped shape what music is today and shown the world the musical talent the British people have. Today London is still considered one of the largest music cities in the world, partially because of the Beatles.
How This Effects England's Sense of
England is known for being a massive consumer of Soccer / Football. There are many different teams and leagues in England and many of the worlds best players are from England. The People of England are also supporters of other sports such as Rugby and Cricket. The 2012 Summer Olympics were also held in England, in the capital city: London.
The People of England
England is a diverse country that has a lot of unique culture and people with background from all over the world, especially because of all of the colonies that Britain has had. There are over 250 different languages spoken in Britain as people have immigrated there from a number of countries around the world.
Culinary wise, England may be best known for its Tea. Many English people sit down to tea everyday, which not only consists of tea but also of pastries and sandwiches. England is also known for its hearty food like pot pies. As England is an island there is also good fish to be had, and the country is known for Fish and Chips.
Britain, like many other countries, has many different kinds of art and has broken ground in each of them. In literature England has given us Authors such as JRR Tolkien and JK Rowling. In film they have produced films such as James Bond, Trainspotting and Clockwork Orange. In the music industry England has pumped out bands like The Rolling Stones, The Who, Pink Floyd, Muse and many many more. London in particular, is also known for its many live theaters .
England has a beautiful landscape and amazing sites to see, here are a couple of them.
This cartoon represents England "having their hands in everything. At one point in time England had many colonies, most of which are now independent. The English government would have the control and would make all major decisions for their colonies. In the cartoon England is sort of depicted as a monster, meaning that the cartoonist felt that England was the bad guy in this situation, trying to oppress the people of colonized countries.
This Cartoon represents the Queens power in England and the summer 2012 summer olympics. The cartoonist is trying to display how the queen, without really having to do anything, has copious amounts of money as is shown in the speech bubble: "My family has been bringing home the gold for centuries!" her expectations may also be too high as she clearly thinks highly of herself and her country, evident in the stance, clothing and language.
This video talks about how diverse a nation that England is. People from all over the world move to the country every day. All different types of culture have impacted the everyday community, people are more easily able to learn about other peoples culture and background because of things like festivals. To live in a place that excepts you and your culture is an important aspect and defines how you view a nation.
The Article is about the Royal Baby which was born last summer. People not only from England, but all around the world tuned in to see news about the Royal baby, such as his name (George). This brought the people of England together as they could celebrate the birth of the baby that will one day be king.
This video is a great example of people from all over the country coming together and collaborating and being a part of the country as they welcome the world for the 2012 London Olympics. It is amazing to see the opening ceremony and imagining all of the work that was put into staging it. Not only did famous Brits, like the queen, but also hundreds of other extras from all across the country. Not to mention the number of British people in the stands, watching proud as their country plays host, for the third time, to the London Olympics.
Buckingham Palace, in London. The queen lives here and don't miss the changing of the guard.
Stonehenge is an hour and a half train ride from London. Thousands of people have contemplated how these rocks got to be in this strange formation.
London's Tower Bridge is located in London and is an amazing site to see.
2 Political Cartoons
2 Video Clips
England's history and historic events are important to its sense of nation because without each and every one of them the country would be a different place today. The events that happened have created the cities people live in today, the language they speak, their religious views and many, many more things within the country. Historic events have built England and united the people weather it was to win a war or make new discoveries.
The Leadership within England is important because they have responsibility to their country to do right by the people. Without leaders a country would be in total chaos. So by recognizing the leaders we can see how each of them, if only in a small way, has pushed foreword towards the England we know today. The leadership is in charge of making policies such as: rights and freedoms, laws, and currency. It is the leaderships job to unite the people through the good and the bad and when the leaders where bad (King George I) The people united anyways against their leader.
These are just some of the great people that have shaped, not only England, but the world that we know today. Their innovative minds have put them down in history as some of the greatest people in the world. England is proud to call these people their own as they have had so much influence in their culture and made an impact on the world.
Culture is what makes people who they are, and England is a great example of many cultures coming together as one, and people getting along despite their different background or ethnicity. Although many of these things are that of the English culture, they may have had influences from other cultures or ideas.
Through the building of the nation, to recently, the London olympics England has been a country that can be united and proud of itself. People from hundreds of different countries are able to come to England a find a home where they feel welcome. Through the trials and tribulations, as well as the many victories, England has stood tall and any citizen should be proud of their nation. Because of its extreme diversity people are outgoing and not afraid to be themselves, which gives people the greatest sense of belonging. All of these things and more make England a great nation.
List of Sources