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The Pancreas

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Bianca Ramsamooj

on 11 May 2011

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Transcript of The Pancreas

The Pancreas Background -6 inch long, spongy, tube-shaped organ
-Produces pancreatic juices, hormones and insulin
-Juices go to the small intestine and help digest food
-Insulin regulates the amount of sugar in the blood Diseases of the Pancreas Chronic Pancreatitis What is it? -Inflammation of the pancreas that worsens overtime and leads eventually to permanent damage
-When the inflammation and scarring occur, the pancreas cannot make the right amount of enzymes that are needed to digest food
-This leads to the body being unable to digest fat and other important parts of food -Repeated alcohol abuse
-Autoimmune problems
-Blockage of the pancreatic duct
-More common in men than woman between the ages of 30-40 Symptoms -Abdominal pain
-Digestive problems
-Chronic weight loss
-Diarrhea, nausea, vomiting Causes Treatment -Pain medications
-Fluids through IV
-Low fat diet
-Pancreatic Enzymes
-Avoid smoking and drinking alcohol
-Surgery to remove a blockage
-Surgery to remove part of the pancreas Pancreatic Tumor What Is It -A rare tumor in the pancreas that forms from a cell called the inslet cell
-Inslet cells produce hormones that regulate bodily functions like blood sugar and stomach acid production
-Tumors originating from inslet cells can also produce hormones, though some may not
-Most tumors release hormones that cause specific symptoms
-They can either be benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous) Symptoms -The symptoms are caused by whatever hormone the tumor is producing
-Shaking or sweating
-Double or blurry vision
-Fast or pounding heartbeat
*Symptoms of insulinomas (produces insulin hormone)

-Abdominal pain
-Ulcers in the stomach and small bowel
-Occasionally vomiting blood
*Symptoms of Gastrinomas (produce gastrin hormone that manages stomach acid) Treatment -Depends on the type of tumor (benign or malignant)
-Malignant tumors can grow aggressively, spread to other organs and may mot be treatable
-Portion of the liver may be removed if the malignant tumor spreads to the liver
-Various chemotherapy treatments are also used to reduce the size of the tumor if cancer becomes widespread
-Normally if possible surgery is used to remove tumors
-Medications also used to counteract the results of abnormally hormone production Diabetes Mellitus What is it A collection of metabolic diseases characterized by high blood sugar levels that derive from insulin secretion defects, action or both Causes When the pancreas produces insufficient amount of insulin, defective insulin or the cells do not use the insulin properly Impact -Blindness
-Kidney failure
-Nerve damage
-Stroke Symptoms -Fatigue
-Blurry vision Treatment -Modify eating habits
-Increase physical activity
-Insulin injections (Type 1 patients)
-Oral medications (Type 2 patients) The End
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