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Transcript of Antigone
Haemon: Death? she deserves a crown of gold!"
Sacrafices herself for her brother Creon VS. Antigone Oedipus Creon Womans role would have been in the home
Evidence suggests that woman wouldnt have attended the performances
However in some cases evidence suggests the only women that may have attended would have been mistresses.
Women would have been played by men.
Antigone goes against sterotypical views of woman at the time.
Ismene is her foil
Antigone- strength, bravery, courage
Ismene- weak, defenceless, vunerable
Strong woman in a bad situation The annual Festival of Dionysus ' the god of growth and wine.
10 judges 1 from each
Competition of the top 3 performances, audience popliarity followed by judges verdict.
Greek Amphitheatre could seat between 14- 15 thousand spectators
Because the theatre was so large they used masks to magnify facial expressions
Chorus - meant 'dance' in ancient greek. There role was to comment on the action on and off stage. The world of the play Public or Priavte Hot or cold Time Mood Interaction Space Roles of woman Main points about Greek Theatre Jocasta Married Mother / Son Antigone Ismene Haemon Eurydice Polynice Eteocles Children Siblings Son Spouse i hate texts for theatre i hate texts for theatre i hate texts for theatre i hate texts for theatre i hate texts for theatre Key Words on Greek Theatre masks ampitheatre real-time Patriarchal Chorus TRAGEDY duex ex machina Ekkyklêma Limited Male Actors Myths,
And the Gods. “One could claim that the play should be called Creon because it is more his tragedy...his [Creon] is the rigidity of the Sophoclean hero, the tree that will not bend itself when the river is in flood” (Mcdonald, 2005: xi) “Although Aristotle himself stressed the importance of the action and the plot above that of character, his fateful notion of the tragic flaw or error led generations of critics and playwrights to focus their attention on the so-called tragic hero. It even led … to argue that Creon is the hero of the play” (Kaufmann 1968: 235). Based on Antigone the Myth. , therefore Sophocles Antigone is raised above a realistic athenian woman. She becomes in some ways Divine. (Niobe assosiation) Mimesis Catharsis Peripeteia Anagnorisis Hamartia Mythos Ethos Dianoia Lexis Melos Opsis Aristotles Poetics The Cave "Entering caves persistently appears as a major requirement for prophecy-giving, both in established cults and in the activities of individual seers.
It is argued that cave environment creates conditions which force the human mind to deviate from its normal waking state and to enter altered states of consciousness, in many cases leading to the sensation of ineffable revelation of ultimate reality.
Altered states of consciousness often occur in people exposed to sensory deprivation. As a result, various mediators between gods and mortals practice prolonged isolation in caves and other closed spaces in their quest of ecstatic illumination"
(Caves and the Ancient Greek Mind. Yulia Ustinova) Plato: Analogy of the Cave. “This cave and the dark forces which it contains prove to be the final test of Creon’s conception of human power and of Antigone’s tragic heroism. For her it is a place of tragic isolation and tragic fulfillment…and stony heroism” (Segal 1983: 171). Messangers Descriptive Dialogue Othello Link
CREON: "And yet you dared to brake the law?"
ANTIGONE: Yes. Beacuase this order did not come from the gods above nor those below and I didn't think that any edict issued by you had the power to override the unwritten and unfailing law of the gods. That law lives not only for today or yesterday but forever. I did not fear the judgement of a mere man so much as that of the immortal gods..."
(Sophocles: 2005:14) Definitions of Gods The importance of the gods
The guide for the characters
Tiresias informs Creon how he has angered the gods
They predict what happens Myth
Brecht Different Versions Comes from a line of public shame yet still stands up for what she believes in. Keeps her Nobility. Who is the
Tragic Hero? Antigone Creon Fate French Scene / ending scene Sympathy What are there tragedys?
State before family
unswering loyalty to her brother Good deeds Change in punishment Mention Meeting death as a hero or a victim? Sympathy and the difference between the audiences Title order of events/ plays Emotional connection learning Creon He believed that his actions where correct and the right thing to do Ending Scenes, no mention of Antigone allows the audience to sympathise fully with Creon and his loss Changed the sentance Tried to make things right "Ai, dead, lost to the world, not through your stupiity, no, my own" (sophocles 1982:124) Original audience would have sympathised with his initial decision Antigone The play is named after her All the action in the play is in response to her She has noone for sympathy in the play She died for burying her brother, burying the dead was very important in Ancient Greece. It was never mentioned that she was correct in her decisions Strong female lead Catharsis Poetics
Zeus: The king of the gods, the ruler of Mount Olympus and the god of the sky, weather, thunder, lightning, law, order, and fate
Hera: Queen of marriage, women, childbirth, heirs, kings and empires. She is the wife of Zeus
Hephaestus: Crippled god of fire, metalworking, stonemasonry, sculpture and volcanism. The son of Hera by parthenogenesis, he is the smith of the gods and the husband of the adulterous Aphrodite.
Aphrodite: Goddess of Love, beauty and desire
Dionysus: God of wine, parties and festivals, madness, drunkenness and pleasure at forever young.
Hades / Pluto: King of the Underworld and god of the dead and the hidden wealth of the Earth
Niobe: Had fourteen children, seven male and seven female. Artemis killed Niobe's daughters and Apollo killed Niobe's sons.Devastated, Niobe fled back to Mount Sipylus and was turned into stone, and, as she wept unceasingly, waters started to pour from her petrified complexion. "Sophocles’ dramatic structure makes clear the discrepancy between the reality of Antigone’s life and the mythic patterns to which she assimilates herself” (Segal 1983: 168). French Scene State over Family Political Influences Pericles Sophocles warns Pericles on Future Dictatorship Antigone makes a 5th century claim on the funeral oration. Theatrical use of interuption Creon: dictator or democrat? Family Tree Who is still alive at the end? Who is the chorus made up of? Who is Tiresias? Which play was performed first Oedipus the King or Antigone Name 3 different authors of Antigone What is the initiual sentance for burying Polynices and what was Antigone's? What does Cathesis mean? What was the festival called? Who was the audience made up of ? When was it Performed ? Who was known as the uncrowned king of Athens? Which band performed the song Tragedy? 441 / 443 BC