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Holocaust - A tragic legacy
Transcript of Holocaust - A tragic legacy
How did it start?
January 30, 1933:
President Hindenburg appoints Adolf Hitler Chancellor of Germany
SA and SS men are sworn in as auxiliary police
What was Hitler's ideology all about?
The Nürnberger Laws of 1935 defined who was a Jew.
It restricted marriages between Jews and Germans as well as citizenships for Jews.
A tragic legacy
"Reichstagsbrand" - The Reichstag is on fire
Leading to anti-semitism movements
Creation of industrial jobs
Execution of officials opposing his ideology
Emergency powers granted to Hitler as a result of the Reichstag fire.
Seperation of Powers was deferred.
How did Hitler strengthen his power?
Rejecting liberalism, democracy and human rights
Stressing the subordination of individuals to the state and strict obedience to leaders
Emphasizing the inequality of individuals and races as well as the right of the strong to rule the weak
Concentration camps expanded in order to house vast numbers of non-political prisoners whom the Nazis exploited through forced labor. Many prisoners died from the horrible living conditions or from being literally worked to death.
Concentration camp - Auschwitz
What did daily life for the prisoners look like?
Opposing Jewish businesses
Kristallnacht: nationwide pogrom leaving many Jewish business owners with no perspectives
What do people in Germany think about the Holocaust today?
Holocaust memorial in Berlin
Opened May 10th, 2005
Over 3.5 Mio visitors in the first year
205,000 square feet
Has its own underground museum
Holocaust memorial day is January the 27th
Survivors of the Holocaust
born April 21st, 1925 in Peine as a son of Jewish parents
was hiding in Hitler's youth organization
Forgiving does not erase the bitter past. A healed memory is not a deleted memory. Instead, forgiving what we cannot forget creates a new way to remember. We change the memory of our past into a hope for our future.
Lewis B. Smedes