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Exxon Valdez & BP Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill
Transcript of Exxon Valdez & BP Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill
to more that 11,000 Alaskans & buisnesses affected $125 million was for clean up $12 million to North American Wetland Conservation Fund $13 million to the national Victims of Crime Fund Explosion on Deepwater Horizon offshore oil platform April 20, 2010 April 22, the platform sank 1,500 m 86 days later, July 15, BP finally stopped flow of oil into the Gulf 28,958 square miles covered in oil Dolphins
51 collected in the spill zone
47 of those were dead June 9, 2010:
BP said cost was about $1.43 billion May 16, 2010 BP Chief Tony Hayward said Birds
1,746 birds collected
1,014 of these visibly oiled
997 birds were dead
749 were captured alive Sea Turtles
400 were dead
128 were alive 6,300 response vessels 6.7 million ft. of boom deployed 1.345 million gallons of dispersant used 13.5 millions of oil recovered Construction of sand berms Controlled burns Government estimate: Spilling at 5,000 bbl/day Actually found to be 52,700 bbls/day - 62,200 bbls/day BP gave Florida...
$25 millions for disaster preparation & response
$25 million for tourism advertising Fishing & shrimp harvesting in the gulf is major source of income & recreation Tourism in gulf dropped Florida worst case scenario:
Could cost $10 billion and put about 195,000 people out of work June 1, 2010:
BP lost 15 percent of its market value during the day’s trading "we are prepared to pay above $75 million on these claims and we will not seek reimbursement from the U.S. Government or the Oil Spill Liability Trust Fund." Sprayed oil back into the sea then caught in boom Manual pick up with shovels, bulldozers 1,000-2,800 sea otters
302 harbor seals
350,000 and 600,000 seabirds Oil Spill Trustee Council recognizes 30 resources or species injured by spill 2001 survey
Looked at 91 sites, 7,796 m of shoreline Mass mortalities Loss in recreational sport fishing Loss in tourism High replacement costs of birds & mammals Vessels highly monitored when
they move through the Sound All tankers must be doubled-hulled by 2015 Contingency plan includes a scenario of 12.6 million gallons Drills are held in the sound each year Better skimming system, better booms,
and increase in barges to hold
818,000 barrels of recovered oil Containment booms Works Cited [Untitled photograph of an oiled seabird]. Retrieved May 5, 2011, from: http://faculty.buffalostate.edu/smithrd/PR/Exxon.htm [Untitled photograph of BP oil spill pelican]. Retrieved May 8, 2011, from: http://www.lgbtpov.com/2010/06/the-daily-beast-obama-knew-in-late-april-how-bad-the-bp-oil-spill-would-be/ [Untitled photograph of BP protestor]. Retrieved May 8, 2011, from: http://www.themaritimelawyer.com/is-media-public-interest-in-bp-oil-spill-waning/ [Untitled photograph of burning Deepwater Horizon]. Retrieved May 8, 2011, from: http://www.eoearth.org/article/Deepwater_Horizon_oil_spill?topic=50364#gen6 [Untitled photograph of Exxon logo]. Retrieved May 5, 2011, from: http://www.eoearth.org/article/Exxon_Valdez_oil_spill?topic=58075 [Untitled photograph of Exxon Valdez oil spread]. Retrieved May 8, 2011, from: http://faculty.buffalostate.edu/smithrd/PR/Exxon.htm [Untitled photograph of Exxon Valdez vessel surrounded by containment boom]. Retrieved May 5, 2011, from: http://www.eoearth.org/article/Exxon_Valdez_oil_spill?topic=58075 [Untitled photograph of pit showing oil]. Retrieved May 5, 2011, from: http://www.eoearth.org/article/Exxon_Valdez_oil_spill?topic=58075 [Untitled photograph of Valdez beach clean up]. Retrieved May 5, 2011, from: http://faculty.buffalostate.edu/smithrd/PR/Exxon.htm Cleveland, C.J., Hogan, C.M., & Saundry, P. (2011, February 10). Deepwater horizon oil spill. Retrieved from http://www.eoearth.org/article/Deepwater_Horizon_oil_spill?topic=50364#gen6 Cleveland, C.J., & Suandry, P. (2010, December 20).Exxon valdez oil spill. Retrieved from http://www.eoearth.org/article/Exxon_Valdez_oil_spill?topic=58075 Offshore disaster. (2010, September). Retrieved from http://www.greenpeace.org/usa/Global/usa/planet3/publications/gwe/2010/economical.pdf