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Amendment !4


Nicholas Pelino

on 5 December 2012

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Transcript of Amendment !4

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Images from Shutterstock.com AMENDMENT 14 Summary Of Amendment Its goal was to ensure that the Civil Rights Act passed in 1866 would remain valid ensuring that "all persons born in the United States...excluding Indians not taxed...." were citizens and were to be given "full and equal benefit of all laws."(Quotes from the Civil Rights Act of 1866) The Reconstruction Amendments Amendments 13, 14, and 15 are all part of the Reconstruction Amendments adopted between 1865 and 1870, the five years immediately following the Civil War. The Thirteenth Amendment both proposed and ratified in 1865 abolished slavery. The Fourteenth Amendment proposed in 1866 and ratified in 1868 included the Privileges or Immunities Clause, Due Process and Equal Protection Clauses. The Fifteenth Amendment, proposed in 1869 and ratified in 1870 grants voting rights regardless of race or color. When was this Amendment Passed? The 14th Amendment to the Constitution was ratified on July 9, 1868, and granted citizenship to “all persons born or naturalized in the United States,” which included former slaves recently freed. In addition, it forbids states from denying any person "life, liberty or property, without due process of law" or to "deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.” Who did this Amendment Affect? The 14th Amendment to the US Constitution had several effects on the lives of African Americans. First off, it overruled a prior ruling that African Americans could not be US citizens. Secondly, it prohibited state and local governments from depriving persons of life, liberty, and property without due process of law. Thirdly and most importantly, it guaranteed all citizens equal protection under the law, that overturned segregation. How was this Amendment Passed? The fourteenth amendment was passed through delicate work through congress. It took quite a while, because they wanted to get it perfect. What did this Amendment Change? This changed the way of apportionment was set up by giving the slaves U.S. citizenship and citizenship in the state which they lived. Why was this Amendment Passed? The Fourteenth Amendment was passed to include African-Americans and others who were previously excluded. The Amendment guarantees certain legal rights, such as due process and equal protection to all.
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