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Adolescence: The Transition to Adulthood
Transcript of Adolescence: The Transition to Adulthood
add more body fat than muscle
menstruation cycle begins
motor performance increases and levels off at 14 Boys growth spurt begins
begins to ejaculate seminal fluid Both becomes aware of sexual orientation
heightened stress response and novelty-seeking
sleep "phase delay" strengthens Middle Adolescence 14-16 Girls complete growth spurt Boys reach peak of growth spurt
muscle increases/body fat decreases
motor performance improves dramatically Both may have had sexual intercourse Girls have finished growing, and are by this age, already fully developed physically. Boys will complete growth spurt and continue to gain improvement in motor skills during this time frame. Late Adolescence 16-18 Early Adolescence 11-14 Adolescent will become more:
self-focused Adolescent will show inprovement with:
propositional thought Adolescents also begin to evaluate vocational options in terms of interests. Vocabulary Hypothetico-deductive reasoning- ability to form a hypothesis and deduce a logical explanation Propositional thought- able to think outside of the real world; able to think in terms of symbols and propositions(verbal statements) Metacognition- awareness of thought Adolescents continue to improve in scientific reasoning, hypothetico-deductive reasoning, and propositional thought. Adolescents begin to evaluate vocational options in terms of interest, ability, and value. Middle Adolescence 14-16 Late Adolescence 16-18 Adolescents become less self-conscious and less self-focused. They continue to improve in metacognition and self-regulation. They improve in decision making. They narrow vocational options through exploration. Early Adolescence 11-14 Self-concept, at this age, involves abstract descriptions to unify different personality traits, but are often contradictory and not interconnected. They begin to show an increase with gender stereotyping of attitudes and behavior. Moodiness and parent-to-child conflict often increases. With a desire of independence, adolescents will spend less time with family and more time with peers. Peers become centered around same-sex cliques. Conformity is more common due to peer pressure. Friendships decline in number and become more based on loyalty, intimacy and mutual understanding. Middle Adolescence 14-16 With adolescents of this age: conformity may decline
dating has probably started
cliques become more mixed in terms of sex
gender intensification declines
likely engagement in societal perspective taking self-esteem tends to rise
they form an organized self-concept
an emphasis is placed on moral and societal laws
engaging in more subtle reasoning when dealing with personal, social or moral issues Late Adolescence 16-18 Adolescents advance in maturity of moral reasoning. They develop personal and moral standards. They continue to construct an identity. Cliques decline in importance. They begin to seek psychological intimacy in romantic ties, which result in longer lasting relationships. Sources: Berk, L. E. (2012). Infants, children, and adolescents (7th ed.). Boston: Pearson. The End!