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the arab world-parallel timeline project

the arab world compared to europe
by

Edward Ma

on 6 March 2013

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Transcript of the arab world-parallel timeline project

768CE - Charlemagne is made king June 15, 1215 - Magna Carta 732CE - Charles Martel defeats Muslim invaders 570CE - Muhammad is born Muhammad was born around 570CE in the city of Mecca. He will become a prophet in the Islamic religion. Comparing the Arab world to the European world [Mecca-1850] Image taken from Wikipedia In the year 610CE Muhammad goes to a cave to meditate where he received revelations from God through the angel Gabriel, recorded in the Qur'an. The religion Islam (meaning "submission to the will of God") originated from this. 610CE - Muhammad's revelations Hira - Present Day image from Wikipedia 1097CE - The First Crusades 632CE - Muhammad's death 649CE - Islamic Conquest 1066CE - Battle of Hastings The Princess is in Another Castle 632 - Muhammad dies without a heir. A great dispute over who would become the next caliph (head of faith, leader of the Islamic army, and chief lawmaker) led to the division of Islam into the Shia (or Shi'ite) Muslims and the Sunni Muslims. The Shia believed Ali, Muhammad's son-in-law, should be the next caliph while the Sunnis believed Abu Bakr, Muhammad's father-in-law, should be the caliph. Eventually, Abu Bakr becomes the Caliph.The Sunnis took over and expanded the empire even more. Imam Hussein Shrine in Karbala, Iraq: holy site for Shia Muslims - Image from Wikipedia 732CE - Battle of Tours The Islamic Empire had attempted to conquer Gaul (France) in 732 but were defeated by Charles Martel in the Battle of Tours and the spread of Islam into western Europe ended. Had they succeeded, Christianity would have lost its position as Europe's lead religion to Islam. Depiction of the battle of Tours - Image from Wikipedia 1097CE - The First Crusades Muslims lost control of the Holy Lands in the First Crusades in 1097. The Christian kingdom in the area lasted for about one hundred years until Muslim leader, Saladin, took back the Holy Lands. Siege of Jerusalem - Image from Wikipedia Christian Europeans fought for the holy lands against the Muslims. The christians were victorious in taking Jerusalem and it stayed that way for about one hundred years until it was taken back by the Muslims. The venture into the Muslim world brought knowledge to European society that would lead to the renaissance, a movement of using reason to find truth instead of using religious sources. William the conqueror introduces the feudal system to England after taking it. The English landowners and serfs opposed the change as they lived as free people in free villages. William was able to forcefully established feudalism in five years. this was an important point in England society The viking age ended in the eleventh century as European rulers figured out how to deal with the vikings. Viking villages in North America and Greenland disappeared and the dragon ships of the vikings were no longer spotted. This was good because it meant one less enemy to worry about for Europe. 11th century - Viking age ends Iran Syria Egypt Pakistan Iraq Land conquered by Muslims - Image from http://whenintime.com/tl/kstimson2018/7th_grade_world_history_/ Note: Palestine is too small to label on the map http://www.dummies.com/how-to/content/the-split-that-created-roman-catholics-and-eastern.html Frankish leader Charles Martel lead an army against a huge Muslim army that threatened to take control as Europe's main religion. The Battle of tours was a historical event that could have changed history if Charles Martel didn't win the battle. Christianity would've lost control to Islam and many things could have changed such as architectural achievements found when designing cathedrals. http://www.thelatinlibrary.com/imperialism/notes/tours.html Statue of Charles Martel - Image from Wikipedia 1054 - Rome and Byzantine Christians each worshiped their God very differently with Rome using Latin tradition and Byzantine using Greek tradition. This led to a split of the church into two halves: east and west. The east was known as Greek Orthodox and the west was known as Roman Catholic. This is an important point in European Christian history. 1054CE - Great Schism Image of the split between east and west - Image from Wikimedia In 1066, William of Normandy was betrayed by his vassal, Harold Godwinson, who claimed the throne of England. William claimed that the previous king, Edward the confessor, promised the throne while Harold said Edward gave him the throne near-death. William declared war on Harold. With his Norman cavalry, William won the battle and became the new king of England. A section of the Bayeux Tapestry depicting the Battle of Hastings. preserved remains of a viking ship - image from Wikipedia King John I of England was so hated for raising taxes, trespassing land to hunt better, imprisoned barons without trial, and tortured the relatives of the imprisoned barons. The barons, townspeople, and the church rebelled against John and forced him to put his seal to the "Magna Carta", a charter that guaranteed the free people of England would not be abused by their ruler, taxes will not be taken without parliament approval, and that no one can go to prison without a proper trial. this was a huge step towards democracy. Effigy of King John I - image from Wikipedia Siege of Jerusalem - Image from Wikipedia 1066CE - Feudal System is introduced William the conqueror as depicted in the Bayeux Tapestry
- image from Wikipedia Charlemagne is made king in 768. Charlemagne wanted to rebuild civilization. He expanded the empire, made a code of law, and tried to make life better for serfs and trade people. He also established schools and monasteries, encouraging learning and had many churches built. His work fell apart because of his descendant's feuds and their inability to fend off the vikings effectively. On Easter Sunday of 855, viking forces attacked France , the Low Countries (modern day Netherlands and Belgium), and England. They also attacked Spain and Italy. The vikings were everywhere and in huge numbers. They were highly destructive and cruel, killing everyone and burning everything in sight. The longships of the vikings allowed them to attack and leave quickly before the rulers can do anything to get rid of them. This was a shocking age as the vikings were a deadly surprise to everyone, breaking the peace of mind of the people. Depiction of vikings on the coast 855CE - The age of viking starts 649 - Islamic armies have already conquered Palestine, Iraq, Syria, Egypt, Iran, and Pakistan, spreading the religion even more throughout the medieval world and ensuring it's existence as a major world religion lasts even today. Coin with charlemagne's head - image from Wikipedia Websites Website Address Article Title The Split that Created Roman Catholics and Eastern Orthodox Catholics Battle of Tours (732 A.D.) Books Cranny, Michael Author Book Title Pathways: Civilizations Through Time City Toronto, Ontario Prentice Hall Publisher Year Published 1998 711CE - Muslims conquer Spain Muslims conquer Spain in 711, increasing the Islamic empire. this was one of the first western European areas conquered by the Muslims. 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 570CE - Muhammad is born 610CE-Muhammad's revelations
632CE-Muhammad's death
649CE-Islamic conquest 711CE-Muslims conquer Spain
732-Battle of Tours 1097CE-Crusades 732CE-Charles Martel defeats Muslim invaders
768CE-Charlemagne is made king 855CE-The age of vikings starts 1054CE-Great Schism
1066CE-Battle of Hastings
1066CE-Feudal System is introduced
1097CE-The First Crusades 11th century-Viking age ends June 15, 1215-Magna Carta Information Sources Used: This project is by Mateusz and Edward
Social Studies
March 5, 2013 -use the arrows to see the slides.
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