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IB World Lit: Poetry Study, Sylvia Plath. Figurative Language.

September 13, Day 8
by

samuel cook

on 15 October 2014

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Transcript of IB World Lit: Poetry Study, Sylvia Plath. Figurative Language.

Warmup
IB World Lit: Sylvia Plath Part 1
While watching, students identify 5 examples of figurative language used in the poem, and explain what effect they have on the overall message or tone of the poem.

Homework Response!
Liliana
Ayana
Malik
Austin
Fatima
Terrell
Jamil
Discussion
So far we have read the following Plath poems:
"Daddy"
"A Lesson in Vengeance"
How do these two poems reflect what we know about Sylvia Plath's life and problems?
Figurative Language
Read "Edge"
How did Plath utilize figurative language in the poem? To what effect?
Simile
Metaphor
Extended Metaphor
Onomatopoeia
Personification
Oxymoron
Paradox
Hyperbole
Allusion
Idiom
Pun
Comparison using "like"or "as"
figure of speech in which two "essentially unlike things" are shown to have a type of resemblance or create a new image.[12] The similarities between the objects being compared may be implied rather than directly stated
"Fog comes on little cat feet"
-Carl Sandberg
metaphor that is continued over multiple sentences
Example: The entirety of "Taking off Emily Dickinson's clothes".
a word designed to be an imitation of a sound.
"While I nodded, nearly napping, suddenly there came a tapping,
As of someone gently rapping, rapping at my chamber door."
"The Rave"-Edgar Allen Poe
the attribution of a personal nature or character to inanimate objects or abstract notions.
"Because I could not stop for Death,/He kindly stopped for me;/The carriage held but just ourselves/And Immortality."
—Emily Dickinson
figure of speech in which a pair of opposite or contradictory terms is used together for emphasis
"Feather of lead, bright smoke, cold fire, sick health"
-Romeo and Juliet
William Shakespeare
`Men work together,' I told him from the heart,
`Whether they work together or apart.'

"The Tuft of Flowers"
-Robert Frost
a statement or proposition which is self-contradictory, unreasonable, or illogical.
figure of speech which uses an extravagant or exaggerated statement to express strong feelings.
They had been walking so long that John thought he might drink the entire lake when they came upon it.

a reference to a famous character or event.
She’ll not be hit
With Cupid’s arrow. She hath Dian’s wit.
And, in strong proof of chastity well armed
From love’s weak childish bow, she lives uncharmed.
"Romeo and Juliet"
William Shakespeare
an expression that has a figurative meaning unrelated to the literal meaning of the phrase.
He will not go behind his father's saying,
And he likes having thought of it so well
He says again, "Good fences make good neighbours."

"Mending Wall"
Robert Frost
an expression intended for a humorous or rhetorical effect by exploiting different meanings of words.

"I was wondering why the ball was getting bigger. Then it hit me."
Figurative Language
speech or writing that departs from literal meaning in order to achieve a special effect or meaning
Homework
Each of you is receiving a different poem by Sylvia Plath. Your goal is to become an expert on this poem. Be able to talk about this poem in detail, and reflect everything back to how it may relate to what we know about her life and struggles with depression. Not only are you writing about this poem in literary commentary format, but you're teaching this poem to the rest of the class. Consider looking up the history of the poem, such as when she wrote it and if there is any context to the poem that relates to her life. Ensure that you can instruct the rest of us on her use of the literary devices we have discussed in class.
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