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Persuasive Writing

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eric pohl

on 18 October 2010

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Transcript of Persuasive Writing

Persuasive Writing The Point of persuasive writing is to persuade Otherwise you are just stating a fact Or summarizing something that is already well known Ethos Pathos Logos Ethical Appeal: The process of convincing your audience that you are someone worth listening to and believing. They should think like you because you are an expert. Emotional Appeal: Persuade by appealing to the reader (or listener's) emotions. Can be very powerful, but not always appropriate. Persuasion through the use of reason. Reasoning style may include inductive and deductive reasoning. Inductive Reasoning Deductive Reasoning A type of reasoning that involves moving from a set of specific facts to a general conclusion. Strong: Most 8th graders are either 13 or 14.
Jimbo is an 8th grader.
Jimbo is probably 13 or 14. Weak: I am in middle school.
I don't like social studies.
All middle school students don't like social studies. Deductive reasoning, or deduction, starts with a general case and ends up in specific instances. Valid: Gravity makes things fall.
An apple just fell off the tree and hit me.
Gravity made the apple fall. Invalid: Global warming makes the weather warmer.
There were big snowstorms around the country this winter.
Global warming is not real. For deductive reasoning to be valid, both statements must be true and the conclusion must logically follow for the argument to be valid. Inductive reasoning is used to make general rules out of specific examples So how do you do it??? Start by getting your reader's attention

1. Opening with an unusual detail: (Manitoba, because of its cold climate, is not thought of as a great place to be a reptile. Actually, it has the largest seasonal congregation of garter snakes in the world!)

2. Opening with a strong statement: (Cigarettes are the number one cause of lighter sales in Canada!)

3. Opening with a Quotation: (Elbert Hubbard once said , "Truth is stronger than fiction.")

4. Opening with an Anecdote: An anecdote can provide an amusing and attention-getting opening if it is short and to the point.

5. Opening with a Statistic or Fact: Sometimes a statistic or fact will add emphasis or interest to your topic. It may be wise to include the item's authoritative source.

6. Opening with a Question. (Have you ever considered how many books we'd read if it were not for television?)

7. Opening with an Exaggeration or Outrageous Statement. (The whole world watched as the comet flew overhead.)
-From the Orange County Unified School District Website.
http://www.orangeusd.k12.ca.us/yorba/persuasive_writing.htm
State your thesis First you need to figure out your position on the issue
Second, identify your audience--are they not sure about the issue, or are they against you?
Third, you need to gather the strongest evidence you can to support your argument.
Fourth, figure out the main argument against you so you can disprove that point of view.
Provide any necessary background information The first two body paragraphs should be used to support your argument.
The third body paragraph should be used to disprove any oposition to your argument. Create your argument in your BODY PARAGRAPHS. Finish your argument in your CONCLUSION. Restate your thesis
Summarize your main points
Finish with a strong statement * With a Prediction: This can be used with a narrative or a cause and effect discussion. The conclusion may suggest or predict what the results may or may not be in the situation discussed or in similar situations.
* With a Question: Closing with a question lets your readers make their own predictions, draw their own conclusions.
* With Recommendations: A recommendations closing is one that stresses the actions or remedies that should be taken.
* With a Quotation: Since a quotation may summarize, predict, question, or call for action, you may use a quotation within a conclusion for nearly any kind of paper.

-From the Orange County Unified School District Website.
http://www.orangeusd.k12.ca.us/yorba/persuasive_writing.htm

That's it! Easy!
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