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Transcript of Homosexuality
Is there any evidence that
biological or psychological factors can be used to explain homosexuality and can it be justified by religion?
1: of, relating to, or characterized by a tendency to direct sexual desire toward another of the same sex
2: of, relating to, or involving sexual intercourse between persons of the same sex
How is homosexuality looked
upon and can this be justified
by natural or social sciences?
TOK Presentation - by Celina & Katrine
Roman Catholic 33%
Anti-homosexuality bill in Uganda
Indigenous beliefs 18%
No religion 15%
- 19% are Shia
- 80% are Sunni
- 3,000-5,000 Christians
- 20,000 Baha'is
- Identical twins
- Criminal offence
"If a man also lie with mankind, as he lieth with a woman, both of them have committed an abomination: they shall surely be put to death; their blood shall be upon them." - Old testament: Leviticus 20:13
"And likewise also the men, leaving the natural use of the woman, burned in their lust one toward another; men with men working that which is unseemly, and receiving in themselves that recompence of their error which was met." - New testament: Romans 1:27
“Do you approach males among the world, and leave what your Lord has created for you as mates? But you are a people transgressing." – Qur’an 26:165-167
“Do you indeed approach men with desire instead of women? Rather, you are a people behaving ignorantly.” – Qur’an 27:55
Mental illness until 1974
Hypothalamus - Controls sexual orientation
The hypothalamus in heterosexual men and homosexual men looks the same
Is there a gay gene?
But can you draw a
conclusion based on these
Spare time activities
Is it ethically correct to kill someone based on their sexual orientation?
Are we born homosexual or do we turn gay due to our social environment?
Is it okay for religion to discriminate against homosexuality, when it also tells us to love all children of God?
But can we blame homosexuality on biology alone?
Is it ethically correct to look at homosexuality as a mental illness?
Sigmund Freud's theory
- Punishable by death
- Being shunned by family
- Forced into exile
- Same set of DNA
- Yet completely different
Reasons for homosexuality can't be identified at this point
So far, factors causing homosexuality can only partly be justified by the different areas of knowledge
The general views on homosexuality originate from the different religious beliefs
In the western world homosexuals obtain more rights