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Imperfect vs Preterite by Julie Vo

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Jena V

on 22 March 2013

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Transcript of Imperfect vs Preterite by Julie Vo

Preterite In Spanish, there are
two past tenses. Preterite vs.
Imperfect By Julie Vo 4th period Honors Spanish IMPERFECT and What's the difference between the two? Preterite and imperfect (the two past tenses) are used depending on the situation. The preterite is used for SPECIFIC actions and the imperfect is rather used for GENERAL actions. Don't worry, I'll explain it more later.

A shortcut to figure out when to use preterite would be to use this acronym.... I
C
E
S nterruption PAST TENSES SPANISH 101 ompleted action nd or beginning of something eries of events Usually, if it's a specific event where you can put it on a calendar, it's probably preterite. use when the event you're talking about was a... Interrupted action Example: While I was doing my homework, my sister took my laptop. So the action is interrupting a previously existing action that was stated (usually given in the imperfect). Completed action I went to school yesterday. The action is done and over with. I started high school this year. You see how it's used for the start or finish of an action or state? End or beginning of something I finished my last year in Junior High in 2011. Series of events Use preterite when there's a series of sequential actions in past time, like,“first this happened, then that occurred, and then...” After school today, I went to a Track & Field meet, then I drove back to school, then I went to the Black & White gala, and afterwards, I finally went home. like birthdays, holidays, etc. Imperfect Use for general or non-specific actions, situations or states. Examples:
We were watching the fireworks.
I used to ride my bike when I was young. The acronym for imperfect is... eather W
A
T
C
H
E
D ge ime haracteristics abitual actions motion escription Weather Example:

It was really hot outside.
or
It was freezing without the heater. Age Example: When I was eight years old, I learned how to ride a bike. Time Example: It was 8'o clock at night (imperfect) when I started to eat dinner (preterite). Characteristics Example: I was so immature when I was younger. Habitual actions Example: I used to read a book everyday. Emotions Example: I was so happy when I won the first prize at a competition. Description Example: The pancakes were very fluffy, sprinkled with chocolate chips and smelled like heaven. Key words to identify preterite vs imperfect Preterite Imperfect yesterday
the day before yesterday
the other day
two days ago
last weekend
suddenly
beginning always
often
frequently
a lot of times
once in a while
every year
everyday
typically Conjugations yo

él/ ella/ usted
nosotros
vosotros
ellos/ellas/ustedes verbs that end in -ar é
aste
ó
amos
asteis
aron Conjugations PRETERITE: PRETERITE: verbs that end in -er/-ir ´í
iste

imos
isteis
ieron yo

él/ ella/ usted
nosotros
vosotros
ellos/ellas/ustedes EXAMPLE for preterite Hablar hablé
hablaste
habló
hablamos
hablasteis
hablaron yo

él/ ella/ usted
nosotros
vosotros ellos/ellas/ustedes comí
comiste
comió
comimos
comisteis
comieron Comer Vivir yo

él/ ella/ usted
nosotros
vosotros ellos/ellas/ustedes viví
viviste
vivió
vivimos
vivisteis
vivieron Conjugations yo

él/ ella/ usted
nosotros
vosotros
ellos/ellas/ustedes verbs that end in -ar aba
abas
aba
ábamos
abais
aban IMPERFECT: Conjugations IMPERFECT: verbs that end in -er/-ir ía
ías
ía
íamos
íais
ían yo

él/ ella/ usted
nosotros
vosotros
ellos/ellas/ustedes EXAMPLE for imperfect Hablar hablaba
hablabas
hablaba
hablábamos
hablabais
hablaban yo

él/ ella/ usted
nosotros
vosotros ellos/ellas/ustedes comía
comías
comía
comíamos
comíais
comían Comer Vivir yo

él/ ella/ usted
nosotros
vosotros ellos/ellas/ustedes vivía
vivías
vivía
vivíamos
vivíais
vivían yo

él/ ella/ usted
nosotros
vosotros ellos/ellas/ustedes yo

él/ ella/ usted
nosotros
vosotros ellos/ellas/ustedes
Full transcript