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Styles of Leadership - Singapore

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Jason L

on 1 August 2013

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Transcript of Styles of Leadership - Singapore

Styles of Leadership - Singapore
What type of leadership does this nation have?
How is power
in this type of leadership

The main figures in Singapore's leadership
What is my preferred form of government?

-Generally perceived to be corruption free, compared to rest of the Asian countries

-For a major dominate political party, policies are implemented quickly without the need of lengthy debate.

-As a result of the second point, certain unpopular policies would be easier implemented in a one-party dominated political system where it does not necessarily have to please its citizens.

-Long term policies are also easier to be implemented where it does not have to please its citizens; unlike America which has to re-elect every 4 years.
- In Singapore’s political scene, it is has always been a one-party state, dominated by a sole political party (in this case, PAP). As a result, other political parties have little change in the way Singapore is governed.

- As a one-party state, there might be more of a chance of massive corruption, political repression, and human rights violations to occur.
- There has been only one political party which has been running Singapore since its independence.

- There also has been very little competition against PAP in the political scene.

- Even though there has only been one political party dominating so far, Singapore has improved drastically (in the terms of economics, infrastructure, etc) under this government.
"Politics of Singapore." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 11 Nov. 2012. Web. 6 Nov. 2012. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Politics_of_Singapore>.

"Singapore Elections." Singapore Elections. Singapore Elections, n.d. Web. 6 Nov. 2012. <http://www.singapore-elections.com/>.

Tony Tan Facebook Page: https://www.facebook.com/DrTonyTan

"GuideMeSingapore." Introduction to Singaporeâs Political System. Janus Corporate Solutions Pte Ltd, n.d. Web. 7 Nov. 2012. <http://www.guidemesingapore.com/relocation/introduction/singapores-political-system>.

"Elections in Singapore." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 11 Dec. 2012. Web. 7 Nov. 2012. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elections_in_Singapore>.

"Singapore Elections Department - Parliamentary Elections." Singapore Elections Department - Parliamentary Elections. Government of Singapore, n.d. Web. 7 Nov. 2012. <http://www.eld.gov.sg/elections_parliamentary.html>.
How is it maintained?
How is it obtained?
The Presidential Elections
The Parliamentary Elections
The President is elected by the citizens of Singapore, and as the Head of State, holds office for a term of 6 years.

The Presidential elections have to be conducted either

- Within 6 months after the office of the President becomes vacant (prior to the expiration of the term of office of the incumbent)

- Otherwise, not more than 3 months before the date of expiration of the term of office of the incumbent.
Parliamentary elections in Singapore must be held within three months after five years have elapsed from the date of the first sitting of a particular Parliament of Singapore.

The Candidates can only mount their election campaigns after the close of nomination up to the eve of the polling day.

On the polling day, each voter will receive a poll card containing information on where he (or she) can cast the vote in person. Voting is compulsory and votes are confidential.
Singapore government:
- Is a republic government
- Is unicameral
- Has a president who takes control of the whole government and country
- Includes the cabinet which plays a major role in the leadership of Singapore
- It is the cabinet that has the control of the general direction of the cabinet
- Also has a Prime Minister who is mainly responsible for the cabinet in the government
- Ministers in the cabinet are often appointed on the advice of the president
- Follows the Act Of Parliament like Australia
- The government is split into three branches : the executive, legislature and judiciary
Under the "Presidential Elections Act", to run for president, one must obtain a "certificate of eligibility" from the Presidential Elections Committee.

To obtain this certificate, one must be:

1. a person of integrity, good character and reputation; and

2. has held for at least 3 years a cabinet ministerial post, headed a statutory board, or been a CEO of a company incorporated in Singapore worth over $100 million in paid-up capital, or has equivalent management experience.
From Singapore's independence in 1965 to 1981, the People's Action Party (PAP) has won every single seat in every election held, forming a parliament with no elected opposition members for almost two decades.

Even after that, very little seats were secured by opposition politicians. As of now, PAP has 81 of the 87 constituency elected (99 total) seats in the Parliament of Singapore, creating a one-party dominated political system in Singapore.
Singapore uses the same electoral system as America - winner-takes-all.

Singapore is a very small country, so instead of states like in America, various divisions of Singapore are awarded a certain number of electoral votes.

If one party wins the most votes in a division, that party take its entire haul of votes, securing places in the parliament.
But, ... How?
How, you may ask?
Possibilities for high walkover rates
Populace is contented with the government
This may be due to the effectiveness of the Singapore government in providing a high standard of living and low unemployment rate in Singapore, as well as the lack of corruption (Singapore is ranked among the "least corrupt" by the Corruption Perceptions Index).

However, this does not explain why other comparable countries have significant opposition parties.
Opposition views
The second possibility is that the Singapore populace is enveloped in a climate of fear, hence they do not dare to run for elections. However, it is prohibited to expand on this.
According to the constitution of Singapore ...

- General elections must be conducted within 5 years of the first sitting of parliament.

- Presidential elections are conducted every 6 years.
People who are in the current register of electors of a contested constituency, will receive a poll card which will be mailed to their latest address well before Polling Day.

On Polling Day, they can go to their assigned polling stations to cast their votes. After the close of the polls, the ballot boxes containing the votes cast will be sealed and transported to the respective counting centres, which would then determine the outcome of the election.
Candidates can start campaigning after the notice of contested election is issued, up to the start of the day before Polling Day.
Walkover (winning by default) rates for Singaporean parliamentary elections are extremely high when compared to other countries.

Since 1991, walkover rates have hovered around 50% for each election. This means that around 50% of the seats of each election are uncontested and the PAP wins them by default without constituents having to cast a single vote.

As a result, even before the votes are counted, the PAP has more or less won the election due to extremely high walkover rates.
What does this have to do with one party dominating the political scene?
Winning by Default
A one-party dominated political system
- If the government is toppled, the country will be in chaos. Unlike Australia, there are no alternative political parties to govern the country as the PAP has most of the seats in parliament.

For example, in Australia, if the Labour party collapses, the Liberal party can still govern the country. However, this is not the case for Singapore as the opposition party does not meet the requirements to properly govern the country.

- As a result of a one-party dominated political system, the citizens might get to comfortable with having just one political party governing them. This may lead to a lost of the sense of freedom and political thinking, influencing citizens to look up to the government for all the solutions to the country’s problems.
PAP Logo
Jason - Australia Political system
Also, as a one-party state, there might be more of a chance of massive corruption, political repression, and human rights violations to occur.

If the government abuses this power, then the country will be in chaos.
As a result of a one-party dominated political system, the citizens might get to comfortable with having just one political party governing them.

This may lead to a lost of freedom and political thinking, looking up to the government for all the solutions for the country’s problems, in which I think is not only detrimental for the citizens, but also on the political growth of a country.
prime minister
members of the parliament
the government
organisation structure
the speaker
michael palmer
Which speaker in the history of Singapore Parliament since it started in 1955 as a Legislative Assembly?
He was elected Speaker of the Singapore Parliament 2011, October the?
The Speaker's Role
- supervises the sittings of the house
- enforces the rules
- maintains orderly conduct
- decides who has the right to speak
- acts as a representative of the House
- overall in charge of the administration of Parliament
The speaker is elected at the commencement of a new Parliament by MPs (members of parliament), the Speaker may or may not be a Member of Parliament, but must possess the qualifications to stand for election as an MP as provided for in the Constitution.

In carrying out his duties in the House, the Speaker must remain impartial and fair to all MPs. The Speaker regulates and enforces the rules of debate. He decides who has the right to speak and puts the question for the House to debate on and vote. The Speaker does not take part in the debates of the House but can abstain or vote for or against a motion if he has an original vote as an elected Member. As the guardian of parliamentary privileges, MPs look to the Speaker for guidance on procedure and he gives his rulings on any point of order, if necessary.

The Speaker acts as the representative of the House in its relations with other Parliaments and outside bodies. The Speaker also welcomes visiting dignitaries and represents Parliament at national events and during official visits abroad. The Speaker is overall in charge of the administration of Parliament.
Mr Michael Palmer is assisted by two Deputy Speakers, Mr Charles Chong and Mr Seah Kian Peng
the cabinet consist of different members and ministers
excluding the prime minister, you have
some of the ministers include.......
and a few more :)
excluding the prime minister
The President of Singapore
Tony Tan Keng Yam
Tony Tan Keng Yam was elected as President in the Presidential Election held on 27 August 2011. He was sworn in as the seventh President of Singapore on 1 September 2011. He now has a term of 6 years

Singapore presidential election was held in 2011 with 4 candidates. It was very close between 2 people. Tony Tan won 35.19 percent while runner-up Tan Cheng bock finished second place with 34.85 percent of the votes.
President who is directly elected by the people, is the Head of State of Singapore. The President possesses certain veto powers over the government which he can exercise with discretion in certain circumstances. Outside of those areas where the Constitution permits him discretionary powers, the President must act according to Cabinet advice.
Even though he is not responsible for the day-to-day running of the government, the president has veto power over the government in three specific areas:

1. protection of the state’s reserves;

2. appointment of key personnel, such as the attorney general, chiefs of the armed forces and police, and the chief justice and judges;

3. use of Internal Security Act detentions, Corrupt Practices Investigative Bureau investigations, and orders relating to the maintenance of religious harmony.

However, the president must consult the Council of Presidential Advisers and the cabinet before exercising these veto powers.

"We must now build our future in a new environment. Our society is changing: a younger generation brings new expectations, while older Singaporeans stay healthier and live longer. Our economy is changing, as we upgrade ourselves to find our niche in the new global economy. Our politics is changing too, in response to these social and economic trends. But one thing stays the same – we seek to do our very best for our country and make it the best home for all Singaporeans." - Tony Tan
Our Goal – A Better Life for All
"Our shared goal is to create a better life for all. We want every Singaporean worker to hold a skilled, well-paid job; every family to live in an affordable, comfortable home; every young person to develop himself fully and pursue his dreams; every senior citizen to stay active and to live with dignity." - Tony Tan
The Prime Minister of Singapore
Lee Hsien Loong
The Prime Minister of Singapore is appointed by the President of Singapore. The President, acting on the advice of the Prime Minister, also appoints other Ministers from among the Members of Parliament.

The Prime Minister is the effective head of the executive branch of government. He chairs the Cabinet. The Cabinet is the central decision-making body of the executive government. It is an organ of state and central to Singapore's system of government. In practice, all significant decisions or actions taken by the Executive are first discussed and collectively agreed by Cabinet.
As the chairman of the Cabinet, the Prime Minister approves the agenda, leads the meetings and oversees the government's general policy direction. The Prime Minister may also determine the setting up of Cabinet committees from time to time to look into specific subject areas, such as national population policies. The responsibilities of the respective ministers are gazetted in separate Gazette Notifications under the Constitution.
Mr Lee enjoys reading, walking, listening to classical music and tinkering with computers.
PMO (prime minister's office)
The Prime Minister's Office (PMO) comprises agencies which support the Prime Minister in carrying out his responsibility for the following subjects:
- Public Sector Leadership Development
- Progressive Human Resource Framework
- Effective Change Management in the Public Service
- Public Service Excellence and Ethos
- National Population and Talent Policies
- National Research, Innovation and Enterprise Strategies
- National Security
- Prevention of Corrupt Practices
- Elections; and Political Donations
- Honours, Awards and National Symbols
- Justices of the Peace
- Co-ordination of policies associated with climate change
- Corrupt Practices Investigation Bureau
- Elections Department
- National Climate Change Secretariat
- Public Service Division
- National Population and Talent Division
- National Research Foundation
- National Security Coordination Secretariat
The agencies are:
Leader of the House – The Leader of the House is responsible for the arrangement of Government business and the legislative program of Parliament.
Party Whip – Party whips safeguard good communication within the party and contribute to the smooth running of the party’s parliamentary machinery.
gan kim yong
ng eng hen
Politics in Australia more balanced, diversity and also in a sense, more stabilized.

Even though Singapore is considered a democratic republic, I feel that Australia is more balanced as it has two dominate parties, whereas Singapore has only one option for a political party to govern them.
More democratic
More balanced
Laws and policies take a long time to be implemented

There is a need of lengthy debates
Australia has a female prime minisiter
elections every 4 years
bens opinion

Parliament house of Singapore
The map of Singapore with its various divisions
Tony Tan married Mary Chee Bee Kiang in 1964. They have four children; three sons and one daughter. He currently resides in Moulmein-Kallang GRC.
President Tony Tan recently launched the "I Remember Doing Good" initiative, started by the Singapore Memory Project to collect memories and stories of people who have sought to do good and better Singapore's society.
I wish all Muslims in Singapore Selamat Hari Raya Aidiladha.

I wish all Indians who celebrate Deepavali a festival of joy, happiness and peace. .

We were all children once (although that was a long time ago for me!). We are still children of Singapore, and always will be. To our children and the future of Singapore, Happy Children's Day.

Read that Disney has bought over Lucasfilm, and plans to produce a new Star Wars movie in 2015, and one every few years after that. The news seems to have stirred a hornets’ nest among fans online. Many think Lucasfilm has sold out, but others believe Disney can fulfil George Lucas’ vision for the entire Star Wars story.

I have only watched one of the Star Wars movies myself (Episode III: Revenge of the Sith), but I hope that Singapore can benefit from this. DigiPen and ITE Central (in Ang Mo Kio) are training students in interactive digital media. Lucasfilm is building a brand new complex at the Fusionopolis. Hopefully part of the new Star Wars movies will soon be produced in Singapore, and not a long time more in a galaxy far, far away. :) – LHL
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