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Transcript of Orientalism
2) Basic Information
5) Key Concepts
6) Academic Reviews
7) Comments and Conclusion Author: Edward W. Said
Group Members: Banu Burina, Doniyor Kuchkarov, Lan Yang Outline Edward W. Said Basic Information Key Concepts 1 Authorities Reviews (1) In Iranian studies, orientalist attitude of the most extream kind continue to find expression in North America.
the City University of New York Intellectuals and political leaders of the Afro- American community should challenge the orientalist paradigm, and 'explore the creation of new world-views that would operate from within a Third World perspective'.
Ernest J. Wilson III
University of Michigan Reviews (2) Said's account of the subject is not only seriously flawed from an academic point of view- it deals only with a small part of the Arab world, ignores German, Austrian and Russian orientalism, and frequently displays ignorance of historical fact- it also displays prejudice, bias and obsession.
Princeton University Said's interpretation of orientalism is "manifestly idealist". In judging the work of orientalist, Said may be accused of engaging in a power relationship similar to the one he accuses the orientalist of constructing.
Anthropologist attached to the School of Oriental and African Studies Said's account of orientalism lacks historical precision. Said misunderstands the nature of British orientalism in India. Far from promoting a Euro-centric view, British orientalism in the early nineteenth century contributed to the modernization of Hindu culture, the reconstruction of the Hindu religion and the emergence of an Indian national consciousness.
University of Minnesota He uses adjectives and questions to express his points of view, but not through direct words.
He has given a good review of resources and researches in Orientalism.
Before reading Edward Said, I did not believe that the discrimination and differentiation between the West and the East was so strong, but now, I really feel that the West has gone too far in the direction. Our comments born in Jerusalem in a Christian Arab family in 1935
died in 2003 in New York
grew up in Egypt and Palestine, but entire education was Western
joined the faculty of Columbia University in 1963
served as Professor of English and Comparative Literature for several decades
also taught at Harvard, Johns Hopkins, and Yale universities
Author of over 20 books, including: Orientalism, Culture and Imperialism, The Question of Palestine, The Politics of Dispossession and Blaming the Victim. What do you think Orient is? Sie können sich nicht vertreten, sie müssen vertreten warden
Karl Marx Knowledge is created by men “...men make their own history, (...) what they can know is what they have made, (...) geographical sectors as ‘Orient’ and ‘Occident’ are man-made” People need to make a system, classification Focus Sources French, British, and American Orientalism
Countries Muslim, Middle East countries What is Important Binary Opposition
(Eurocentrism and Subject Race)
Notion of regeneration
Repertory of issues
Willed human work
Chapter 1: Scope of Orientalism
Dimensions of the subject
Chapter 2: Orientalist Structures and Restructures
Chapter3: Orientalism Now
Shift from British and French to American Hegemony Monroe Berger- "Middle Eastern and North African Studies: Developments and Needs (20th Century)"
Richard F.Burton- ¨Personal Narrative of a Pilgrimage to al-Madinah and Meccah¨ (1855-1856)
Gustave Flaubert- ¨ Salammbô¨ (1862)
Gérard de Nerval- ¨Voyage en Orient¨ (1851)
François-René Chateaubriand- ¨Itinéraire de Paris a Jérusalem, et de Jérusalem a Paris¨ (1810-1811)
Edward William Lane- ¨An Account of the Manners and Customs of the Modern Egyptians¨ (1836)
Ernest Renan- ¨L´Avenir de la science¨ (1848), ¨Histoire générale et systeme comparé des langues sémitiques¨
Silvestre de Sacy- ¨Principe de grammaire générale¨ (1799) and ¨Chrestomathie arabe¨ (1806 and 1827), formed ¨the Tableau historique¨
Ferdinand de Lesseps´s Suez Canal (1882)
Napoleon’s expedition to Egypt (1798-1799)
Barthelemy d’Herbelot “Biblioteque orientale” (1697)
Chairs in “Arabic, Greek, Hebrew, and Syriac at Paris, Oxford, Bologna, Avignon, and Salamanca” (1312) first published in 1978
rised hot discussion and great influence in academy and politics
translated into at least 36 languages
one of the trilogy: Orientalism; The Question of Palestine; Covering Islam Key Concepts 2
"...a dynamic exchange between individual authors and the large political concerns shaped by three great empires – British, French, American – in whose intellectual and imaginative territory the writing was produced." Orientalism Key Concepts 3
is the unconscious, untouchable certainty about what the Orient is. It displays feminine penetrability and supine malleability. Its progress and value are judged in terms of, and in comparison to, the West, so it is always the Other, the conquerable, and the inferior.
is what is spoken and acted upon. It includes information and changes in knowledge about the Orient as well as policy decisions founded in Orientalist thinking. It is the expression in words and actions of Latent Orientalism. Latent Orientalism Manifest Orientalism Orientalism is a science Orientalism is a style of thought Orientalism is a tool Orientalism is an excuse Conclusions Key Concepts 4 "...based upon distinction between 'the Orient' and 'the Occident'" "Orientalism is more particularly valuable as a sign of European-Atlantic power over Orient" "…for dominating, restructuring, and having authority over the Orient"