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Civil War Causes Timeline
Transcript of Civil War Causes Timeline
1. Congress would admit California as a free state.
2.The people of the territories of New Mexico and Utah would decide the slavery question by popular vote.
3.The slave trade would be ended in Washington DC.
4. Congress would pass a strict new fugitive slave law.
5. Texas would give up its claims to New Mexico in return for $10 million. The Compromise of 1850 Uncle Tom's Cabin was a novel published by Harriet Beecher Stowe in 1852. It was a book about the condemnation of slavery. It was very powerful, and spread compassion for enslaved people in the north. People in the south were infuriated by it. White southerners responded by writing different versions of southern life. In their books, slaves were happy. Uncle Tom's Cabin The Kansas-Nebraska act took place in the area of the Nebraska territory in 1854. Nebraska wanted to enter as a free state, but that would upset the balance, so Congress divided the territory into two, naming one Kansas, and keeping the other Nebraska. Kansas was to enter as a slave state. However, this contradicted the Missouri Compromise, because geographically Kansas was not in an area that allowed slavery. The Kansas-Nebraska Act Bleeding Kansas Caning of Charles Summer Dred Scott Decision The debates drove the north and south further apart because people were following them the whole time through. This pretty much forced them to pick a side in the matter. It also made southerners not so fond of Lincoln. Lincoln-Douglas Debates John Brown was an abolitionist that believed that violence was the answer to his wants. He planned an attack on slavery, and attacked Harpers Ferry in Virginia in the fall of 1859. He tried to gain more followers with this attack, but failed. John Brown's Raid The candidates for the presidential election of 1860 were Abraham Lincoln, Stephen Douglas, John Bell, and John Brekinridge. Republicans stated that their platform called for the end of slavery in the territories. However, they said that they agreed with the right of each state to control its own institutions and said that there would be no interference with slavery in the states where it already existed. Largely because of this, Abraham Lincoln, a republican, won the election of 1860. Election of 1860 The states fought about this because both wanted equal representation in Congress, and the South was worried that the North had more representation. This event led to the Civil War because it furthered the divide between the North and the South. Also, it was deemed unconstitutional to prohibit slavery north of the compromise line in the future. The Wilmot Proviso greatly divided congressmen that represented the north and the south because southerners were very pro-slavery and northerners were greatly against it. The Proviso forced them to decide yes or no on slavery in land acquired from Mexico, with no gray area on the matter. The Compromise of 1850 really upset the southerners and the southern states. They thought the balance would now be more in favor of the free states, since they had one more state than the slave states. This divided the north and south even more than before. This event made the south consider seceding even more, which eventually led to the Civil War. The publishing of Uncle Tom's Cabin was symbolic in how much it divided the north and the south. Southerners were beyond angry about it, while Northerners sympathized greatly with slaves because of it. The book only made the issue of slavery bigger and harder to ignore. Although the Kansas-Nebraska Act was meant to unite the nation, it drove the north and the south further apart. The Act overturned the Missouri Compromise of 1820. Eventually, it led to the formation of the Republican Party. Bleeding Kansas took place in the new state of Kansas from 1854 to 1861. Although under the Kansas-Nebraska Act, Kansas was to enter the union as a free state, it did not officially pick up any label as to "free" or "slave". Because of this, the state was split into two groups: pro-slavery people and abolitionists. Because of this, Kansas had two separate governments petitioning for statehood. Fighting began between the two parties, which came to be known as "Bleeding Kansas". This event showed that simply letting a state vote on whether or not it wanted to allow slavery was not the solution. There was too much disagreement between the north and the south. This showed how divided the two areas were over the slavery issue. The caning of Charles Summer took place in Congress in 1856. Summer gave a speech blasting southerners for their bullying and fraud in the Kansas elections. He insulted South Carolina senator Andrew Butler. A few days later, Butler's nephew attacked Summer in the Senate by beating him with a cane. Congress tried to punish Brooks by removing him from office. However, he was reelected. Summer was so injured that he couldn't return to the Senate for three years. This event divided governmental office just as much as it divided the public people of the north and south. By reelecting both Summer and Brooks, both sides showed that they condoned what their representatives did. In 1857, a former slave named Dred Scott sued for his freedom. Scott said that his master had taken him to the free state of Illinois and Wisconsin Territory, where slavery was outlawed. So for four years, Scott had lived mostly on free soil while still being enslaved. The Supreme Court against Scott. The Court said that slaves were property, not citizens, so they were not allowed to sue in the courts. This ruling pleased southerners, but upset northerners. They thought it was a southern conspiracy. There was talk in the north of seceding from the union. This drove the north and south even further apart than they already were. In 1858, Abraham Lincoln and Stephen Douglas were competing for a place in the Senate. They held debates over their opposing views of slavery and its role in America. Lincoln was against slavery, while Douglas was for popular sovereignty over the matter. Douglas won the debates, but Lincoln received a big following, which helped him later in his presidential election. Brown's attack further divided the North and the South. Northerners were saddened by his execution, while southerners were happy about it. Other abolitionists agreed with Brown and admired his courage. Although Lincoln won the election, he did not receive a single southern vote. Needless to say, southerners were not happy with his victory. This election demonstrated that there were no longer any national political parties. The North and South were now two political entities, and no one could come up with a way to bridge the gap. This ultimately led to the south seceding and to the Civil War.