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Vanillin

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by

Angela Dekker

on 12 November 2013

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Transcript of Vanillin

Vanillin
What is the Function and Purpose of Vanillin?
- Vanillin is the world's most important synthetic spice
- It was one of the food additives industry indispensable important raw materials (For the years 1993-95 the estimated world wide production of vanillin was 10,000 tonnes per year, and an annual increase of 2% is estimated.)
- It is Antifungal
- Has depressant properties to help preserve foods
- Prevention of foaming in lubrication oils
History of Synthetic Vanilla
Synthetic vanilla (labeled imitation) was first produced in 1874 from artificial ethyl vanillin, a by-product of wood pulp, usually from conifer wood.

Since then it has been made from cinnamon, nutmeg, and various other organic substances.

Now it is commonly made from byproducts of wood pulp lignin or guaiacol
Vanillin is Awesome
Benefits: Vanillin is much cheaper than vanilla, making foods taste good for cheaper prices. Findings suggest that vanillin has anti-metastatic potential by decreasing invasiveness of cancer cells. Since vanillin is generally regarded as safe, it may be of value in the development of anti-metastatic drugs for cancer treatment.

Disadvantages: There are no real disadvantages for the average consumer, but there are major disadvantages for those who make vanilla (some vanillin is made from vanilla pods). The harvesters of vanilla are known to develop skin, lung, and heart diseases. Consuming Vanillin in it's powder form is not good for your lungs, but other than that, there are no issues.
Conclusion
Vanillin is a great alternative to Vanilla. It is better for the people who make it and consume it.
Its worth it. Cheaper.
Less likely to have Slaves making the vanillin than vanilla.
Breakdown of Vanillin
C8H8O3
Its functional groups include (Carbonyl) aldehyde, ether, and phenol.

The product is more soluble in oil; log(oil/water) = 1.4

National Fire Protection Association (U.S.A.):
Health: 2
Flammability: 1
Reactivity: 0
Specific hazard:
Definition
Definition of METASTASIS

1 a : change of position, state, or form
b : the spread of a disease-producing agency (as cancer cells) from the initial or primary site of disease to another part of the body; also : the process by which such spreading occurs
Safety Tests
- Acute Toxicity (oral, inhalation, dermal)
- Irritation, corrosion, skin/eye
- Toxicity after repeated exposure
BUT...
- Harmful to fish, Invertebrates, and Algae
Use in Pharmaceuticals
- Vanillin is in drugs for Parkinson's disease (L-dopa)

- A heart drug Papaverin
Aldehyde Group
The double bond of the oxygen makes the aldehyde extremely polar. This is the reactive part of the molecule
Ether
Ethers are similar to Alcohols. Just like them, ethers are less soluble in water, less dense, and relatively unreactive. Aromatic.
Phenol
Stronger hydrogen bond than the similar Alcohol. It's a aromatic Hydrocarbon (arene). Not to be confused with a phenyl group.
Bibliography
- By Calvero. (Selfmade with ChemDraw.) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
- Sahelian M.D., R. (n.d.). Health Benefits of Vanillin. In Vanillin. Retrieved October 28, 2013, from http://www.raysahelian.com/vanillin.html
- Vanillin Powder FCCIV & Ethyl Vanillin (n.d.). In Hangzhou Union Biotechnology Co., Ltd. Retrieved October 28, 2013, from http://hzunionchem.en.ec21.com/Vanillin_Powder_FCCIV_Ethyl_Vanillin--7138900_7138954.html
- Bilton, P. (n.d.). In Vanilla: History, Extract, Essence, Synthetic Vanilla and Vanillism. Retrieved October 28, 2013, from http://food-nutrition.knoji.com/vanilla-history-extract-essence-synthetic-vanilla-and-vanillism/
- Vanillin (2011, March 28). In GPS Safety Summary. Retrieved October 28, 2013, from http://www.cefic.org/Documents/IndustrySupport/RHODIA%20GPS%20Safety%20Summary.pdf
- Vanillin (n.d.). In RSC. Retrieved October 28, 2013, from http://www.rsc.org/chemistryworld/podcast/CIIEcompounds/transcripts/vanillin.asp
Bibliography Cont'd
- Clark, J. (2003). In Aldehydes and Ketones. Retrieved October 28, 2013, from http://www.chemguide.co.uk/organicprops/carbonyls/background.html
- Wade Jr., L. G. (2013). In Ether (Chemical Compound) . Retrieved October 28, 2013, from Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.
- Phenol (n.d.). In Illustrated Glossary of Organic Chemistry. Retrieved October 28, 2013, from http://www.chem.ucla.edu/harding/IGOC/P/phenol.html
- Zumdahl, S. S. (2013). Aromatic Hydrocarbons (Arenes. In Chemical Compund. Retrieved October 28, 2013, from Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc
- Vanillin (1967, August). Retrieved October 29, 2013, from http://www.inchem.org/documents/jecfa/jecmono/v44aje34.htm
4- Hydroxy 3- Methoxybenzyaldehyde
Vanillin is broken down in to vanillic acid in the liver and then is excreted.

From what i found the body does not use vanillin for anything.
In the Body
Full transcript