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The Five Pillars of Islamic Practice

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Reginald Jones

on 1 October 2012

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Transcript of The Five Pillars of Islamic Practice

Lisa Gullo Reginald Jones Jean Biasbas Kanesha McToy 1st step 2nd step Spark Last step (cc) image by nuonsolarteam on Flickr (cc) image by nuonsolarteam on Flickr SAWN Ramadan and the Islamic calendar consists of 12 months in a lunar calendar
8th month is Sha’ban
9th month is Ramadan
10th month is Shawwal “Insha’Allah”
Benefits for Fasting:
Spiritual purification
Health care
Increased self-discipline, self-restraint, & empathy for the poor and hungry people Why Fast? Ill
Travelers
Pregnant women
Substitution -> poor people Limits of Fasting Begins each day at the 1st light of dawn, prior to the time of Salat Fajr, continues until sunset The Fast
Revelation -> Prophet Muhammad
Night of Qadr Ramadan and Revelation Gates of paradise are opened

Gates of hellfire are locked; devils are chained

Atonement of sins Rewards of Ramadan The literal meaning of Zakat is to “Purify”

Distribution of wealth

Purification of the soul

Motivation for Muslims to express gratitude for the gifts provided to them from god The significance of Zakat
Along with Zakat, which is obligatory charity, there is another type of charity- Sadaqah – which is voluntary charity

Giving donations above what is mandatory is viewed as being very important among Muslims Sadaqah Zakat vs. Tithing Zakat vs. Tithing Zakat is defined to be obligatory charity for those Muslims whom have an economic surplus.

The origins of Zakat: “… it is righteousness – to believe in Allah and the Last Day, and the angels, and the Book, and the messengers; to spend of your substance, out of love for Him, for your kin, for orphans, for the needy, for the wayfarer, for those who ask, and for the ransom of slaves; to be steadfast in prayer, and practice regular charity…(Qur’an 2:177b)” (292). Pillar IV- Zakat Salat The daily prayer of worship
*Mandatory for every Muslim
Is an act of worshiping Allah
Consist on Rakets that govern corporeal positioning
Is best practiced within a congregation Salat The Hajj By: Kanesha McToy The Fifth pillar Dhul- Hijjah

Ka’ba (the cube)

Arafat
- “Arafat is Hajj”
- The Garden of Eden
-Final revelation

Black Stone of Mekkah
Hajr Al Aswad
Color The hajj Hadi
Sacrificial animal
Genesis
Maqam Ibrahim
Foundation of the Ka’ba
Ramy
Allah Akbar
Three Pillars Stoned
Sa’e
The separation
Traveling
Talbiyah
Citation
Tawaf
Circulation
Zamzam Continued -Hajj Al-Frad
-Hajj Al-Qiran
-Hajj Al Tamattu The three types of Hajj “I testify that there is no god but Allah, and I testify that Muhammad is the messenger of Allah” (279). Pillar I- Shahadah T
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F A I T H between lines the Reading the of Shahadah
The concept of La Sharika is innately a part of the Shahadah

La Sharika- “No partners or associates with Allah” (280).

The Prophet Muhammad was in fact a messenger of Allah; however, it is not mentioned that the Prophet Muhammad was the sole messenger of Allah.

Prophet Muhammad (messenger of Allah) Qur’an Revealed words of Allah All Muslims must pray at least five times a day.
The Fajr is to be said before dawn
Dhur is said just before true noon
Asr is said halfway between true noon and sunset
Maghrib is recited after sunset
Isha is performed after true darkness
* Every sub-set has a certain number of Rakets. Daily Worship Raket are order of operations that must be followed while worshiping Allah. Rakets
Children under ten years of age
Feeble minded
Menstruating women
May be modified depending on environment
Can be recited consecutively if danger is eminent Modifications to Salat Salat is not a personal communication with Allah.
Salat should be thought of as an injunction that all practicing Muslim must perform.
Supplication and repentance are a separate entities. Salat is intended to worship Allah
Prayer offered within a congregation is twenty-five time superior in reward than that of a single prayer. Salat Within The Congregation Ablution Question... How does the nature of this pillar Shahadah, impact your vision of Islam? Do you agree with the principles that act as driving forces behind Zakat? What are your thoughts on Ramadan?

Name some of the pros and cons of Ramadan? Ritual cleansing (Wudu) is done prior to Salat. Wudu is the physical purification of the body. The primary areas that are covered includes: Washing of hands, rinsing of mouth, nose, face, forearms up to elbows, back, neck and feet. If clean water is not available clean Earth can be used. Based on the information I have presented to you, who is exempted from performing Salat?

During the process of Salat, would it be permissible to ask Allah or The Prophet Muhammad for forgiveness of a sin?
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