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World Hunger

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Emmy Le

on 5 August 2014

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Transcript of World Hunger

WORLD HUNGER
What is Hunger?
Who Are the Hungry?
Statistics
What Causes Hunger?
What Has Been Done?
How Can We Reduce Hunger?
Which of the following is the No. 1 health risk in the world?

A. AIDS
B. Hunger
C. Malaria
D. Tuberculosis
Hunger is a weakened condition brought about by prolonged lack of food
Women
Women are the world's primary food producers, yet cultural traditions and social structures often mean women are much more affected by hunger and poverty than men.


Children
An estimated 146 million children in development countries are underweight - the result of acute or chronic hunger. All too often, child hunger is inherited: up to 17 million children are born underweight annually, the result of inadequate nutrition before and during pregnancy.
Farmers
Half of the world's hungry people are from smallholder farming communities, surviving off marginal lands prone to natural disasters like drought or flood. Another 20 % belong to landless families dependent on farming and about 10 % live in communities whose livelihoods depend on herding, fishing or forest resources.
842 million people in the world do not have enough to eat.
The vast majority of hungry people (827 million) live in developing countries, where 14.3 % of the population is undernourished.
Hunger is the worst in Asia, Sub-Saharan African, Latin America, and the Caribbean.
Asia has the largest number of hungry people (over 500 million) but Sub-Saharan Africa has the highest prevalence (24.8 % of the population)
If women farmers have the same access to resources as men, the number of hungry in the world can be reduced by up to 150 million.
One out of six children - roughly 100 million - in developing countries is underweight
Poor nutrition causes nearly half (45%) of death in children under five (3.1 million children each year).
Every 10 seconds, a child dies from hunger-related diseases.
That's 1/3 of childhood deaths caused by hunger in Sub-Saharan Africa.
66 million primary school-age children attend classes hungry across the developing world, with 23 million in Africa alone.
WFP calculates that US $3.2 billion is needed per year to reach all 66 million hungry school-age children
Poverty
Poverty is at the core of the world hunger crisis. The region across the world that are subjected to extreme poverty conditions are at more risk to have their terrible situation exacerbated by outside forces such as natural disasters and war/conflict, thereby further deepening their difficult situation.
As time goes on, it becomes more and more difficult for individuals, communities, and countries to come out out from underneath the heavy blanket of poverty.
Which region has the greatest number of hungry people?
The answer is Asia and the Pacific, which is home to 578 million of the world’s hungry, compared to 239 million in Sub-Saharan Africa and 53 million in Latin America and the Caribbean.
A. Africa
B. Asia and the Pacific
C. Latin America and the Caribbean
D. Middle East
What Causes Hunger?
Poverty
Poverty is lacking the means to provide for material or comfort needs. People living in poverty cannot afford nutritious food for themselves or their families. This makes them weaker and less able to earn money that would help them overcome poverty and hunger.
Climate and Weather
Natural disasters such as floods, droughts, tropical storms, and earthquakes greatly impact the production of food crops and can completely destroy communities.
The lack of communication and transportation systems, inadequate funding for relief programs, and the inability to relocate populations from disaster prone areas can all contribute to food shortages in developing countries.
Drought is one of the most common causes of food shortages in the world.
War and Displacement
Armed conflict disrupts agriculture and food distribution. During war and regional conflicts, government money is diverted from nutrition and food distribution programs and redirected toward weapons and military support. Fighting also forces millions of people to flee their homes, leading to hunger emergencies as they find themselves without the means to feed themselves.
Political sanctions cause higher prices for fuel, food, and other essentials and may deprive average citizens of clean drinking water and food.

In many poor countries, the control over land is unequal. Very few people own their own land and the crops produced usually benefit the landowner instead of the farm laborer.
Cultural practices may influence the amount of food available to an individual based on their gender, income, education, birth order, and age. Women and girls are viewed as less valuable than men and boys and recieve less food and education.
Rapid population growth occurs in areas that are strained for food production and can take a toll on the local peoples nutritional status. People in the developing world tend to have more children due to poor health conditions to ensure some of them will survive into adolescence. Large families are needed to work on farms to help generate income and support older family members. The economy cannot maintain such rapid population growth and overpopulation leads to food shortage.
Hunger kills more people every year than AIDS, malaria, and tuberculosis combined.
The number of malnourished people in the world is equal to:

A. The population of the United States
B. The population of the European Union
C. The population of Canada
D. The population of all of the above, combined
The correct answer is: D. The number of malnourished people worldwide is just under 1 billion people - nearly 1/7 of the global population.
A child dies from hunger-related diseases every?
A. 5 sec
B. 8 sec
C. 10 sec
D. 1 min
The correct answer: C. 10 sec
World Food Programme (WFP): is the world's largest humanitarian agency fighting hunger worldwide. Born in 1961, WFP pursues a vision of the world in which every man, woman ad child has access at all times to the food needed for active and healthy life.
World Vision: is a Christian humanitarian organization dedicated to working with children, families, and their communities worldwide to reach their full potential by tackling the causes of poverty and injustice.
United Nation Children Fund (UNICEF): work in 190 countries to save and protect the world's most vulnerable children by providing food, shelter, clean water, and medicine.
Discrimination and Inequality
Overpopulation
1) Improve agriculture, water usage, and sanitation
Increase country capacity = food benefit to community
2) Fortify foods to raise nutrient levels
Globally the most common micronutrient deficiencies include iodine, iron, and vitamin A
3) Promote education
Megan, Emmy, Ashley
Full transcript