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1784: In Lancaster, England, John Toms was convicted of murd

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Kayla Miller

on 25 September 2013

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Transcript of 1784: In Lancaster, England, John Toms was convicted of murd

1784: In Lancaster, England, John Toms was convicted of murder on the basis of the torn edge of wad of newspaper in a pistol matching a remaining piece in his pocket. This was one of the first documented uses of physical matching
1835: Henry Goddard, one of Scotland Yard's original Bow Street Runners, first used bullet comparison to catch a murderer. His comparison was based on visible flaw in the bullet which traced back to a mold.
1879: Rudolph Virchow, a German pathologist, was one of the first to both study hair and recognize its limitations.
1903: The New York State Prison system began the first systematic use of fingerprints in the United States for criminal investigation

1910: Edmund Locard, successor to Lacassagne as professor of forensic medicine at the University of Lyons, France, established the first police crime laboratory
1924: August Vollmer, as chief of police in Los Angeles, California, implemented the first U.S police crime laboratory
1950: Max Frei-Sulzer, founder of the first Swiss criminalistics laboratory, developed the tape life method of collecting trace evidence
1966: Brian J. Culliford and Brian Wraxall developed the immunoelectrophoretic technique for haptoglobin typing in bloodstains
1984: (Sir) Alec Jeffreys developed the first DNA profiling test. It involved detection of a multilocus RFLP patter. He published his findings in Nature in 1985
1986: In the first use of DNA to solve a crime, Jeffreys used DNA profiling to identify Colin Pitchfork as the murderer of two young girls in the English Midlands. Significantly, in the course of the investigation, DNA was first used to exonerate an innocent suspect.
1987: DNA profiling was introduced for the first time in a U.S criminal court. Based on RFLP analysis performed by Lifecodes, Tommy Lee Andrews was convicted of a series of sexual assaults in Orlando Florida.
1998: An FDI DNA database, NIDIS, enabling interstate cooperation in linking crimes, was put into practice.
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