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History of Canadian Law
Transcript of History of Canadian Law
Babylonian Law 1760 BC
Ancient Greek Laws
Ancient Egyptian Law began at around the year 300 BC. It was broken into 12 books based upon the concept of Ma'at. By the 22nd century BC, Ur-Nammu, an ancient Sumerian ruler, created the first known law code which consisted of around 32 laws and many of which we see today. Such as murder, theft, rape, while including more traditional laws at the time i.e sorcery and slavery.
Ancient Egyptian Law
Developped by King Hummurabi, the Code of Hummurabi was created on stone and was sent around the kingdom of Babylon for the entire public to see. Within these laws, includes the term "An eye for an eye". This meaning if a man murders another man, that man shall be killed too. Depending on the case, in our present time, a suspect who is proven guilty for murder, can face Capital Punishment or the Death Penalty, which is similar to the Babylonian term.
Laws in Ancient Greece didn't exist until 700 BC until the Greeks decided to establish laws. At around the year 620 BC, Draco, the lawgiver wrote down the first written law of Ancient Greece. Although, because these laws were so harsh, they've established the name of "Draconian laws".
Roman Law was heavily influenced by Greek teachings. The first Roman law was the Law of the Twelve Tables. It developed the difference between public law and private law. Roman law has made a huge impact on modern day law. They've influenced laws like equality rights, and the right to be innocent until proven guilty.
Bill of Rights 1960
The Bill of Rights is an act for the recognition and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms. It declares that Canada will exist to be a country without discrimination by reason of race, origin, colour, religion, or gender. Individuals will have the freedom of speech, assembly/association, press, and to be equal and to be protected by the law.
Quebec Act 1774
The Quebec Act was to grant more rights to the French Canadians. Some of the rights that were granted was allowing to practice free religion of Catholic faith in Quebec, allowed civil law to continue, and even expanded the Quebec boundaries.
Constitution Act 1867
The Constitution Act (originally named the British North America Act) was an act of the British Parliament, outlining Canada's system of government which combined Britain's Westminster model of parliamentary and division of federalism. It is also Canada's founding document, providing for the joining of Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Ontario and Quebec.
Women's Suffrage 1885-1895
The Women's Suffrage has given women all over Canada the right to vote and the right to power, which means they are eligible to run for office. Because of the hard work these women had to go through to fight for women's rights and freedoms, women are able to be treated with the same amount of rights and freedoms as men.
Amendments to Canada's Criminal Code
December 19, 1968, John Turner made a 120 clause amendment to the criminal law of Canada. Inside the document, claimed to allow abortion,decriminalize same sex marriage, and to control drinking and driving, gun possession, fraud, and cruelty to animals. Because of this, it has made our country not only more accepting, but more safe as well.
The Bill 101 permitted the French Canadians to make French the official language of Quebec. Meaning that the French language will be spoken in courts along with making it habitual in workplaces, schools, and businesses. Also making it mandatory for other provinces to learn French.
The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms 1982
The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms was made to set rational limits by law and can, and will be justified if these rights are abused. The Guarantee of Rights and Freedoms provides us safety, security and equality. By setting these rights, it allows us, by law, to be who we want to be as long as others are not being harmed.
Youth Criminal Justice Act 2003
The Youth Criminal Justice Act (YCJA) was created on April 1, 2003. It was created for minors from the ages of 12-17 to protect and prevent other acts from happening. By alerting them at an early age, it prevents them from going in and out of jail once they are considered adults. The law recognizes that youth must be held accountable, but in a way that takes their reduced level of maturity.
The 10 Commandments
The 10 Commandments are religious laws set on 2 stones related to ethics and religious beliefs. They play important roles in Judaism and Christianity. It was sent to Moses by God on Mount Sinai. Within these laws includes many laws we see today such as murder, and theft. They have also set moral ethics that include honoring your mother and father and to not commit adultery.
The Magna Carta 1215
The Magna Carta, created in the year 1215, sealed by King John at Runnymede, was a chart that contained 32 articles. The Chart was signed by King John and required him to proclaim liberties such as no man should go into punishment except through the law of the land. Because of this Chart, it has led to the constitutional law
Constitution Act 1982
The Constitution Act of 1982 was the formal Canadian Act of Government that reached a full and final political independence from the UK. Now, the Constitution is the most important document, keeping order and equality in our country by guiding it with laws. These are called the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.
English Bill of Rights 1689
The English Bill of Rights was an Act made by the Parliament of England stating that they would limit the power of the crown and more power for the people. This act has influenced Canadian law greatly. The English Bill of Rights is basically the foundation of our Canadian Bill of Rights. i.e., in our democratic rights, we have the right to vote, which does give the people some sort of power.
Napoleonic Code 1804
The Napoleonic Code was a code established in the 1804 by Napoleon I. They divided law into four parts; people, property, acquisition of property, and civil procedure. It ended up unifying laws in France, which made more democratic influences. Today, civil law is used in Quebec.
Witch Craft Accusations 1692-1693
Back in the late 1600's, people, women in general, would be accused of witchcraft. Once you were accused, immediately, you would get hung . As time went by, we came to the realization that not every accusation is true. And because of this very reason, we came up with a right, that everyone has the right to be innocent until proven guilty.
King Henry III 1265
A group of nobles rebelled against King Henry III, intending to force him into reforming the English legal process. After defeating King Henry III, Simon de Montfort, the leader of the rebellion, made the first parliament. He set up a provisional administration of three to elect a counsel of nine. Thus, making it an inspiration to our present government system.
The Statute of Westminster 1931
The Statute of Westminster is an act of when Canada became legislatively independent from Britain. However, excluded in the statute, was the British North American Acts. This resulted to disagreements between Canadian provinces and federal government over how the BNAA would be amended.
Thank you Mr. Katsionis!
Giselle Chiu 2-3