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Shakespeare´s influence

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Marco Sachse

on 5 October 2012

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Transcript of Shakespeare´s influence

"Out, out, brief candle!
Life's but a walking shadow, a poor player that struts and frets his hour upon the stage and then is heard no more: it is a tale told by an idiot, full of sound and fury, signifying nothing." Macbeth Quote (Act V, Scene V). Shakespeare´s influences & Macbeth biodata
Shakespeare´s influences
Macbeth Table of content written by Robin, Felipe & Marco Biodata extends from theater and literature to present-day movies and the English language itself
Shakespeare transformed European theater
through characterization, plot, language and genre
many of his quotations and neologisms
everyday usage in English and other languages Shakespeare´s influences Macbeth -Scottish general and thane of Glamis
-led to wicked thoughts by the prophecies of the three witches
-brave soldier and powerful man
-easily tempted into murder to fulfill his ambitions to the throne
-his response to every problem is violence and murder
-unable to bear the psychological consequences of his atrocities Macbeth Lady Macbeth -Scottish general and thane of Glamis
-led to wicked thoughts by the prophecies of the three witches
-brave soldier and powerful man
-easily tempted into murder to fulfill his ambitions to the throne
-his response to every problem is violence and murder
-unable to bear the psychological consequences of his atrocities -ambitious woman, lusts for power and position
-urges her husband to kill Duncan and seize the crown
-falls victim to guilt and madness to an even greater degree than her husband
=>commits suicide
- partnership in crime, seems to strengthen the attachment that they feel to each another summary:

-in a thunderstorm three witches confront the great Scottish general Macbeth on his victorious return (war between Scotland and Norway)
- witches prophesy that Macbeth will be made thane of Cawdor eventually King of Scotland
- they also predict that Banquo (another general) will beget a line of kings, although will not ascend the throne himself
- Macbeth and his lady decide to kill the king Duncan (Macbeth becomes a murder)
- Macbeth murders Duncan, his wife smears blood on the daggers of the sleeping guard
- nobleman Macduff finds the dead body
-before investigations can take place Macbeth kills the guards (obvious that the guards killed Duncan)
- Duncan's sons (Malcom and Donalbain) fear for their lives and flee to Scotland
-makes them appear guilty, crown passes to Macbeth
- remembers the prophecy of the witches that Banquo will beget a line of kings
- Machbeth sends assassins to kill Banquo and his sons
- bloodied ghost of Banquo appears to Macbeth
-Macbeth senses fear, thinks that the nobleman Macduff could harm him
- meets with the witches again, they confirm him that he has good reasons to fear Macduff but they soothe his fears by telling him that no born of woman can harm him
-Madcuff urges Duncan’s son to reclaim the throne -> Macbeth kills Madcuff’s son and wife
-Madcuff organizes an army to bring down Macbeth
-Lady Macbeth imagines that she can see her hands covered with blood
-commits suicide
-Macduff kills Macbeth, prophecy of the three witches becomes true, Macduff was not ''of woman born'' but was ''untimely ripped'' from his mother's womb
-Malcom becomes king. “The Tragedy of Macbeth“

Written by William Shakespeare in 1606
Describes the rise of Macbeth to the king of Scotland, his change into a tyrant and his downfall
Tragedy is based on historical facts
Tragedy is characterized by the use of mythology, superstition and fiction As the historical role model for Macbeth Mac Bethad mac Findlaich was used.
King of Scotland from 1040 till 1057
In the 11th century kings has been selected by the clans in Scotland
The historical Macbeth was from a branch line of the family of King Duncan I.
Macbeth killed him in a battle by Elgin in 1040
King Macbeth got killed by Eduard´s troops, ally of Duncan´s son Malcolm III.

The historical Macbeth was accepted and honored by his man
Stabilized and brought peace to Scotland Motifs:
Striving for Power:
Macbeth and Lady Macbeth
King Duncan´s war at the beginning of the tragedy
King Eduard´s war against Macbeth
Order and chaos:
Macbeths´ acts against laws
An owl chopping a hawk to death
Macduff, who got born through cutting him out of the uterus of his mother
Conscience and guilt
Lady Macbeth committing suicide
Bloody hands
All kippers and curtains:
On the one hand the witches prophecy
On the other hand the double meaning of it
Macbeth becoming king on his own, leaving the prophecy out of focus
Malcom does not cry, but Macduff does after finding out that his family is dead Changes in English
• Early Modern English
unfixed in structure and vocabulary
• English language
rapidly absorbed words from other languages
due to wars, exploration, diplomacy and colonization
e.g.: conflict with Spain because of the concern of keeping naval power by Britain
• By the age of Elizabeth
expansion of philosophy, theology and physical sciences
lack of vocabulary to express ideas
•1500 - 1659
nouns, verbs from Latin, Greek and modern Romance languages have been added
30,000 new words Influence on the English language During Shakespeare's time
grammar and rules of English not standardized
late 17th and 18th century
standardization of the English language
many Shakespearean words and phrases
new words and phrases
blank verse
new poetic and grammatical structures Vocabulary • new vocabulary and phrases
colorful, expressive
• Shakespeare invented several thousands words
changing nouns into verb
e.g.: to foot someone
changing verbs into adjectives
e.g.: new washing machine
changing adjectives into verbs
e.g.: to happy someone
connecting words never before used together
e.g.: honorificabilitudinitatibus
(the state of being able to achieve honors)
adding prefixes and suffixes
e.g.: pro- => for, in favour of => pro-choice, pro-life, promotion
devising words wholly original

• National Geographic points out the findings of historian Jonathan Hope who wrote in "Shakespeare's 'Native English'"
•"the Victorian scholars paid special attention to Shakespeare: his texts were read more thoroughly, and cited more often, so he is often credited with the first use of words, or senses of words, which can, in fact, be found in other writers" blank verse Influence on European and American literature William Faulkner
Herman Melville
frequently used Shakespearean devices, including formal stage directions in Moby-Dick.
novel's main antagonist, Captain Ahab, is a classic Shakespearean tragic figure
"a great man brought down by his faults." Charles Dickens
the large number of Shakespearean quotations
at least 25 of Dickens' titles are drawn from Shakespeare
Thomas Hardy unrhymed iambic pentameter
(fünfhebiger jambischer Vers)
contains ten till eleven syllables per line
the adjective blank means in this case unrhymed
(normally empty) general information: birth unknown: probably 23rd April 1564
baptised 26th April 1564
plays translated into every major living languages
born and brought up in Stratford-upon-Avon
son of John Shakespeare and Mary Arden
married Anne Hathaway at the age of 18
three children: Susanna, twins Hamnet and Judith
wrote about 38 plays, 154 sonnets and several poems
beginning of the 17th century wrote mainly tragedies like Macbeth or Hamlet
Kings New School in Stratford
Latin based grammar education London and theatrical career: point in time when Shakespeare began writing not exactly known
some of his plays were on stage by 1592
from 1594-1599 his plays were performed by a playing company called "Lord Chamberlain and Men"
in 1599 Shakespeare formed his own playing company and built up an own theater called "The Globe"
later Shakespeare bought the second largest house in Stratford called "New Place" as his family home
after his playwright success he acted in his own and other plays Later years and death: after he retired to Stratford in 1610 as a wealthy man, Shakespeare wrote only few plays and most of them as co-author
died on 23rd April 1616 at the age of 52 in Stratford
his cause of death is unknown
his direct line ended in 1670 without any great-grandchildren Thank you for your attention

Any questions? "what 's done is done".
Macbeth ( Quote Act III, Scene II).
"Will all great Neptune's ocean wash this blood clean from my hand? No, this my hand will rather the multitudinous seas incarnadine, making the green one red"
Macbeth Quote (Act II, Sc. II). sources:

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