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Colonial India

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Harry Luda

on 19 November 2013

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Transcript of Colonial India


Colonial India
The British
Reference to "Caught Between Cultures"

Colonial India
1. The Europeans Arrive
2. The British
3. Sepoy Rebillion
4. Anti-British Protest
5. Gandhi and Nonviolence
6. Independence and Partition
1. The Europeans Arrive
Europeans began arriving in India in 1500’s – they were hoping to make money from the lucrative spice trade
During the 1700’s & 1800’s the East India Company slowly took control of India
As the Mughal Empire grew weak, the East India Company grew in economic and political strength and began to build its own military force
The military force mainly consisted of Sepoys
- Indian soldiers, led by British commanders
2. The British
The British wanted many of the raw materials India produced - cotton, indigo, jute (burlap), spices, sugar, and tea
These materials were shipped to Britain for use in British factories –
Finished products were shipped around the world to British colonies
3. Sepoy Rebellion
The strength of British control angered many of the Indians in 1857.
the Sepoy troops rebelled - this is known as the Sepoy

The British suppressed the rebellion and
abolished the
British East
India Company
India became a British colony
In 1877 Queen Victoria took the title Empress of India
Indians never really accepted British rule
In the late 1800’s Indian nationalists created the Indian National Congress
Rather than demand independence, the congress asked for equal treatment and representation in government
The British refused
The National Congress’ goal was more independence
5. Gandhi & Nonviolence
The most popular and famous Indian leader was Mohandas Gandhi
A British educated lawyer and devote Hindu, Gandhi is against all forms of violence
Gandhi promoted the use of civil disobedience –- the refusal to obey unjust laws using peaceful protests - to win India’s freedom
Gandhi had millions of followers -– they led strikes and boycotted (refused to buy) British goods
5. Gandhi & Nonviolence
Gandhi Seven Deadly Sins
Wealth without work
Pleasure without conscience
Knowledge without character
Commerce without morality
Science without humanity
Worship without sacrifice
Politics without principle
6. Independence & Partition
After WW 2 - Britain realized it could no longer keep control of South Asia
This developed into a new set of problems – the mistrust and hostility between India’s Muslim population and Hindu population
Neither group trusted the other – the Hindus greatly outnumbered the Muslims and the Muslims feared Hindu rule
In 1947 India was divided into 2 nations – the land with a Hindu majority became India , the land with a Muslim majority became
East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) and West Pakistan
After the partition millions of Muslims decided to move to Pakistan while Hindus decided to move to India
Old angers and hostilities were ignited in the move and over 1 million people were killed during this time

The British
1. Intentions of the British Crown
2. The Rise of the British Empire
3. The Fall of the British Empire
4. Consequences for India

1. Intentions of the British
Imperialism -> take over India
Motives: Political, Cultural & economic
Building trading posts -> international trading
Produce raw materials for British market and sold as British goods
Selling british goods in India
controlled India with military force
2. The Rise of the British Empire
4. Consequences for India
Improved technology
- Military
- Communication
- transportation

good infrastucture
The power of peace
- British rule did bring stability

Indian is independent
Common language
Low wages
Just few rights
No government participation
Colonization & civilization
Global In- and Export
huge demand in EU for imported goods
Slave trade
British trading companies fought wars f.e. Dutch
own trading rights
trading post set up along the banks of rivers
("Outpost Of Progress")
Most famous trading company was : British East India Company
Britain needed raw materials
many wars in India
White settlers farmed "empty" lands
social differences
settlers failed to learn language (2nd Hut)
Christian missionaries
many converted

3. The Fall of the British Empire
It fell with the independence of the colonies
National developments
Colonial developments
Reference to "Caught Between Culture"
Colonial developments -> "Dead Men´s Path"
Global developments -> "An Outpost Of Progress"
Christianity -> "Second Hut"

Reference & Sources

Many more...


Google India/Imperialism/Rebellion/Historic/etc.
Full transcript