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16th and 17th Century

History of Medicine in the 16th and 17th Century
by

Valerie Fisher

on 25 September 2012

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Transcript of 16th and 17th Century

16th and 17th Century In the 16th century it is believed that infectious diseases were caused by 'disease seeds', which were carried by the wind or transmitted by touch.
But disease was really spread by contact from person to person.
There was no way to prove this theory. How Disease was Spread Surgery Became More Advanced in the 16th and 17th Century Anton Van Leeuwenhoek Lived from 1632 to 1723. He was a Dutch microscopist. He invented the microscope in 1666. He discovered bacteria, parasitic microscopic protists, sperm cells, blood cells, microscopic nematodes and rotifers. However he did not realize microorganisms caused disease. Anton Van Leeuwenhoek 38-40 years Average life span Gabriel Fallopius was an Italian Physician. He lived from 1523 -1562. Gabriel was the physician who discovered the fallopian tubes in the female body. While studying the anatomy for the brain and eye he also discovered the Tympanic Membrane in the ear. Gabriel Fallopius Ambroise Paré was a French Surgeon, who was also known as the Father of Modern Surgery. He lived from 1510-1590. He made a few contributions to the medical world while he was alive. Such as :
Establishing the usage of ligatures to bind arteries and stop bleeding
Eliminating the use of boiling oil to cauterize wounds
Improved treatment of fractures and promoted use of artificial wounds Ambroise Paré Diseases in the 16th and 17th Century Medical Advances Make the Invisible Visible. smallpox,
measles,
malaria,
scarlet fever,
chickenpox,
syphilis,
and the return of the black death. Surgery did become a little more advanced in the 16th century. When Leonardo Da Vinci dissected human bodies and made accurate drawings of what he saw. Santorio invented the medical thermometer.
William Harvey published his discovery of how blood circulates around the body.
The microscope
Doctors also discovered how to treat malaria with bark from the cinchona tree.
The Chinese invented the toothbrush.
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