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Transcript of Ottoman Empire
The Ottoman Empire
Originated in 1299 C.E. and lasted for 623 year
Original nomadic people were followers of Osman eventually became the Ottomans
Ottomans originated in central Asia, as a part of the Seljuks
Ottomans declared independence from the Seljuks and became an Empire
Began to expand their territory
Rise of the Empire
At first, the empire conquered cities of the Byzantine empire, like Thebasion, Prousas, and Nicaea
Then they attacked and expanded into parts of Europe
Location of Ottoman empire connected three continents Europe, Africa, and Asia
Empire's location supported their economy and was the reason for successful trade
Reasons for Success
Were kind to the people they conquered
Tolerated other religions
Open to anybody who wanted to serve the empire
Being the center of trade supported their economy
Adapted and intermingled with the many cultures of the areas they conquered
Islamic religion widely practiced throughout the Empire
Causes of Decline
Advancements in transportation caused the Ottomans to no longer be in the center of trade
Empire fell behind in advancements
European countries invaded to gain control of the trade routes
Ottomans' army was strong due to their highly trained horsemen
Were able to expand their empire into the middle East, Europe, and most of North Africa
The Golden Empire
Had a very unique, diverse culture
Empire was welcoming of all cultures and religions
Lifestyle attracted many new followers of Islam
Lot of art, poetry, architecture, textiles, jewelry, music and sports to make life in the empire enjoyable
Had great literary works that still impact the modern world, like poetry and encyclopedias.
Created the first atlas.
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Empire began to suffer many defeats in battle due to advancements of European technology
Ottomans reformed military and modeled it after European armies