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The English Language

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by

Jenny Rolland

on 18 January 2013

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Transcript of The English Language

By Celine and Jenny The English Language Origins Where did it come from?

Examples:

Edinburgh
England
English Development Old English
Middle English
Early Modern English
Late Modern English Old English Anglo-Saxons
Field, sheep, ox
You and is
Angel, bishop
Candle, cheese, cucumber
Norse- mid 11th century
Take and they
Give Late Modern English Vocabulary

Industrial Revolution

The British Empire Primary and Official Language Colonization and Imperialism John Cabot 1497

Roanoke Colony 1580s

Jamestown Settlement 1607

Plymouth Colony 1620

"Great Immigration" 1638

Canada Transatlantic Slave Trade Europeans
Africa
Trading
The return in1820-1830
Spread language
Communication
South America Table of Contents Origins
Development
Exporting of culture
Present and future English literature Middle English Early Modern English Colonization and Imperialism The British Empire

Nearly a quarter of the world's population The Philippines Singapore Africa India Today and future 1100 - 1500 A.D. 1066: the French conquered England

English gained words from Latin and French
Middle English

Different from Old English 1500 - 1800 A.D.
A process of standardizing English

The Great Vowel Shift

Foreign words were borrowed 450 - 1100 A.D. 1800s - Today William Shakespeare 1564-1616 Influenced the entire English language

His plays helped contribute to the standardization

People quoted Shakespeare Created words
Introduced new phrases
New poetic and grammatical structures Phrases still used in language today Originally Spanish

American occupation

English became important English as the official language: English as the official language: English as the official language: English among other official languages: British colony 1819

Independence

Kept the language

English was the global language 16th to 19th century Communication

South-Africa: French and Afrikaans

Different from standard British English

African words: kloof, kopje, krans, veld, vlei The West African states

Members of the Commonwealth

English as the official language British colony

Independence 1947

Growth of economy
migration
spreading of the language Nearly half-million words

The lingua franca of the modern era Internet and international trade

Communication

"To speak another language is to impose a barrier" The domino effect Sources Development:
http://www.englishclub.com/english-language-history.htm
Shakespeare:
http://www.pathguy.com/shakeswo.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Shakespeare
Expanding of culture:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Languages_of_the_Philippines
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Languages_of_Singapore
http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/188048/English-language/74821/African-English
The language today, and future:
http://blogcritics.org/culture/article/english-world-wide-language/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/English_language Third largest language Prisoners England and Wales

Stealing

Convicts

Shipped Global English Language shift/death

Advantages

Importance

( TV, movies, the radio, music, news, Internet) Spreading of western values
worldwide values

Chinese Points of view Influences in English vocabulary Summary Origins
Germanic language

Development
Different periods
Literature Exporting of culture
The British Empire
Trading, slaves and prisoners

Present and future
Communication
Globalization Origins
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edinburgh
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Anglospeak.svg
http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/interactive/timelines/language_timeline/index_embed.shtml
Development
http://www.englishclub.com/english-language-history.htm
English Book
Expanding of culture
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Convicts_in_Australia
http://brownellfamily.rootsweb.ancestry.com/WhyTheyCame.html
http://www.mce.k12tn.net/explorers/englishexplorers.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atlantic_slave_trade Charts and tables
http://victormanteiga.hubpages.com/hub/European-Spanish-vs-American-Spanish-Two-Different-Languages
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Origins_of_English_PieChart_2D.svg
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Anglospeak.svg English as a primary language English as an official language English as a primary language English as an official language
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