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Tyler's Model of Curriculum Development
Transcript of Tyler's Model of Curriculum Development
Tyler believed that having students invested in their learning would eventually achieve a bigger outcome. By paying attention to students, Tyler incorporated his mentors, Thorndike and Dewey's philosophies into creating his Rationale.
"The idea that children's interest must be identified so that they can serve as the focus of educational attention." Tyler, 1987
Tyler's Basic Principles of Curriculum & Instruction
Questions to ask -
1. What educational process should the school seek to attain?
2. How can learning experiences be selected which are likely to be useful in attaining these objectives?
3. How can learning experiences be organized for effective instruction?
4. How can the effectiveness of learning experiences be evaluated?
Determining General Objectives
Recommendations when gathering data, three sources must be looked at:
Contemporary life outside the school for the learner
Ralph Tyler was a visionary of education reform. Many consider him to be the "grandfather" of the implementation of learning objectives, as we know them today. Through his constant questioning, in which his outcomes weren't always correct and criticized, we put what we want our students to get out of a lesson, first. Tyler's Model, is just that, a model that enables a teacher, school, district to really think about what is best for the children. Deductive or Inductive, Prescriptive or Descriptive, all models are there to serve as a guide to better our students and help them achieve academic success.
What is Tyler's Rationale (Model of Curriculum & Instructional Design)?
expression of educational ideas
special attention to the planning process
follows a 4 Question process
2 levels of identifiers for the curriculum:
Screening (Philosophical & Psychological)
Denham, Tj , 2002
Stanley, Angela, THE TYLER RATIONALE AND TYLER’S 1970S REVISION:
AN HISTORICAL RECONSIDERATION, pages 154- 165
Who was Tyler?
Ralph W. Tyler, born 1902 in Chicago, raised in Nebraska
at age 19, switches from Medicine to Education after being "hooked on teaching" in South Dakota
For his masters, in 1923, he proposes the following question: "What were they trying to teach the children, how to memorize or to understand and use the material?"
This would lead to Tyler's research, aka Tyler's Rationale, in determining sound learning objectives for all students
In 1938, Tyler's Rationale would become nationally known, which would influence the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965
Filtering of the data gathered go through two screens:
The Philosophical Screen - based on the school's educational philosophy (very broad)
The Psychological Screen - based on the school's psychology of learning via attainability of goals and expectations (narrows down the philosophical screen candidates)
by: Claudia M. Finkle