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Learner-Centered Curriculum Model

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Fawn Martwick

on 1 February 2013

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Transcript of Learner-Centered Curriculum Model

Learner Centered Curriculum Model The Learner-Center Curriculum Model, though the idea might have been in circulation long before; the actual focus did not come until the 1980s, in the United States. This was pushed forward from a report, called A Nation at Risk: The Imperative for Educational Reform, written by Mr. Terrel Howard Bell(Dolence, 2003).

A program was created out of the concern of the education field for the youth, it stemmed from the Learner-Centered Psychological Principles(Dolence, 2003). The creation and use of the points, helped educators better meet the needs of students, by removing the focus from other areas of the learning environment(Dolence, 2003).

With this creation of this type of model, it led the way for concentration to be returned to the students and how they learn best. This does not emphasize other factors of educational means(Dolence, 2003). History
The Learner-Centered Curriculum is a very popular choice of educators that offers insight into better fitting the needs of students today. This approach is focused on meeting the learning styles of students and not just on the educators, administrators, or even problems. With this form of education curriculum it focuses on grasping the interest of the students, and keeping their attention. When the student’s interest is kept in the lesson, it allows for additional learning and intake of materials, because they are not shutting out the information(Dolence, 2003). Learner-Centered Curriculum There are five basic learner-centered practice areas that need to be achieved for a curriculum model. With these there is content, instructor’s role, responsibility for learning, the assessment, and the balance of power(Blumberg, 2009).

•Functions of the content in learner-centered curriculum model they included building a strong learning foundation that develop the student’s learning skills and self-awareness(Blumberg, 2009).

•The instructor roles and goals should be to focus on student learning and their awareness(Blumberg, 2009).

•The responsibilities for leaner-centered curriculum should come from the instructor to the student to create learning environment that motivate their students(Blumberg, 2009). Curriculum Model •The instructor should keep an assessment of the grade, give positive feedback, and assist with any kind of feedback or tutoring to further the student’s learning process(Blumberg, 2009).

•The instructor needs to keep a balance of power with the students. They should keep in control; define to the students the different steps in the learner-centered curriculum, along with making sure that the students are following the guidelines within their study skills(Blumberg, 2009).

A very effective curriculum would be to have workshops and interactive presentation, in order to promote learner-centered teaching(Blumberg, 2009).

Keep in mind that learner-centered teaching is an approach in higher education and that learner-centered teachers don’t always use a single teaching method. The approach for this has a variety of different types of methods to ensure that the students are grasping the material(Blumberg, 2009). Curriculum Model Continued Pros As with each and every technique and curriculum there will always be a negative side or one that is not the best fit for all. A few noticed cons with the Learner-Centered Curriculum would be:

• Teachers might not be equipped with the knowledge and managerial skills in order for a successful use of time(Pros and Cons).

•Teachers might need additional assistance to create a variety of assignments and veering from traditional tests, assignments, and grades(Blumberg, 2009).

•Students might not understand on concept with a learning form that worked on a previous section(Blumberg, 2009).

•Students might become confused within the lessons with fellow student, and not ask for help with assistance from the teacher(Pros and Cons).

•Teachers could find the activities as time for them to sit back and work on other items, this is not the time; due to that students need guidance(Pros and Cons). Cons Implementing a different curriculum can offer many benefits, though might be a struggle at the beginning. The Learner-Centered Curriculum can require new insight, an open mind, and resourcefulness. As with other curriculum, the use of these techniques and others will add positive outcomes for students and their learning from there on out(Cullen, 2012).

It has shown that with careful use and implementation of the Learner-Centered Curriculum, students are shown to do better in school and higher education. This is a large portion caused by being able to understand their learning styles and needs(Cullen, 2012).

The use of implementing this approach compared to other approaches and curriculum thoroughly have a positive effect of the students(Blumberg, 2009). Features of Implementation Major Approaches Table1.The Learner-Centered Curriculum Framework taken from:
Dolence, M. (2003). The Learner-Center Curriculum Model: A Structured Framework for Technology
Planning. Educause Center for Applied Research, 2003(17), 1-12. Retrieved January 24, 2013, from http://www.csn.edu/PDFFiles/Administration/oie/Learner%20Centered%20Curr%20Mo Learner-Centered Curriculum Framework EDG 6300
Fawn B. Martwick
Angelo State University
One approach to applying the use of Learner-Centered Curriculum with students would be to start at a meeting point where most students are at a lower point, than could be. After assessing an area for this, implement a focus on the students and each of their abilities, while presenting the information(Learner-Centered Education). While moving along with this method some of the other needs of the students will be noticed and able to be assisted. Then each of the students’ abilities should grow in strength; along with understanding a new lesson(Learner-Centered Education).

Another approach especially to reach younger students is to find out what they like from colors and games, to animals. As a teacher and knowing what will draw the students into the taught lesson, will make it easier to comprehend(Learner-Centered Education). Blumberg, P. (2009). Developing learner-centered teaching: a practical guide
for faculty. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Cady, R. (n.d.). Pros and Cons. Michigan State University . Retrieved January 31,
2013, from https://www.msu.edu/user/cadyruth/new_page_30.htm

Cullen, R. M., & Harris, M. (2012). The learner-centered curriculum: design and
implementation. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

Dolence, M. (2003). The Learner-Center Curriculum Model: A Structured
Framework for Technology Planning. Educause Center for Applied Research, 2003(17), 1-12. Retrieved January 24, 2013, from http://www.csn.edu/PDFFiles/Administration/oie/Learner%20Centered%20Curr%20Mo

Lanes, L. (2010, October 6). Oohm ~ On strategic management of higher
education. WordPress.com. Retrieved January 28, 2013, from http://jrllanes.wordpress.com/page/3/

Norman, D. A., & Spohrer, J. C. (n.d.). Learner-Centered Education .
Instructional Technology Forum. Retrieved January 31, 2013, from http://itforum.coe.uga.edu/paper12/paper12.html References
A well-known and documented approach would be the Rogerian Approach(Cullen, 2012). This was created by Richard Young, Alton Becker, and Kenneth Pike as a spin-off of the original work efforts of Carl Rogers, hence the name(Cullen, 2012).

In this idea of the Rogerian Approach, it is about how everyone has their own idea and view about life in general(Cullen, 2012).. This causes the belief of that due to each having their own opinion, that becomes in a sense, their “reality” and cannot be altered(Cullen, 2012). In this manner, educators must come to terms with the variety of viewpoints and a way of teaching, so that all students can understand the material covered in this approach and curriculum(Cullen, 2012).

Using a variety of resources to teach is also a plus in this curriculum; for the reason of that going from writing to playing an educational game to up dancing, keeps the students from becoming in a fog of ritual, which could in turn; lower their interest in the subject matter(Cullen, 2012). Major Approaches Continued With this curriculum there are many positive outcomes for students and the other counterparts. Focusing on the needs and learning styles of the students for an increase in learning.

•Students are more responsive to the material being taught, due to an instructor focus on the student’s interest and learning styles(Blumberg, 2009).

•This type of curriculum reaches a mixture of learners, from school children to adults, or even mentally disabled(Pros and Cons).

•Students will take more out of each lesson, for a larger amount of received curriculum, due to focus on the student and how they learn, not just the material to send(Blumberg, 2009).

•Showed to have a positive impact on students going on to high education and in this learning level. They are more apt to stick with the lessons and complete the needed coursework(Pros and Cons). Three beliefs about the Learner-Centered Curriculum that is believed to be gained by students by the appropriate use of this material would be effectiveness, viability, and engagement(Learner-Centered Education).

•With effectiveness, students will gain an increase in the amount of knowledge they are gaining from their learning efforts. This will also increase their amount of received curriculum. In this curriculum, one will be able to see that the student is gaining an understanding of the lesson and information(Learner-Centered Education).

•With viability, students are becoming influenced with a variety of information and ways to learn the material. This is showing that using the Learner-Centered Curriculum, it is benefiting students with cultural information and improved social skills(Learner-Centered Education).

•With, engagement, students are staying involved, and active in the learning process. They are not merely becoming side-line learners. They are taking a proactive role in their education, and enjoying the process. This increases the student enjoyment of the education atmosphere for the future(Learner-Centered Education). Major Tenets Figure taken from:
Lanes, L. (2010, October 6). Oohm ~ On strategic
management of higher education. WordPress.com. Retrieved January 28, 2013, from http://jrllanes.wordpress.com/page/3/
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