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Transcript of Architectural Styles
Architectural Styles By :
Rana Omar & Ala Ebdalla The Temple of Dendur 2600 B.C Pyramids of Giza built The pyramids of Giza are the sturdiest pyramids ever built in ancient Egypt. 1855 B.C Black Pyramid First pyramid built in Dahshur, and was a complete disaster. 15 B.C The temple is constructed from sandstone and measures 25 meters from the front stone gate. Al-Azhar Mosque
(the most blooming) 972 A.D First mosque established, in Cairo Egypt. The mosque has developed into today's second oldest university. Materials Used Unique Features Of Egyptian
Architecture Interior Layout of the Great
Pyramid Is open to the sky by surrounding structures. Most events that were accessible by the public took place here. Temple court Exterior structure (Temple of Horus) Egyptian Style Temple of Bel Sketch by Bramante Greek Architecture Inca Architecture Similarities With Egyptian The Colosseum Egyptian Architecture History Roman Architectural History Temple of Aphaia Inca temple Temple of Kom Ombo Similarities Of Egyptian Architecture Reconstructed in 1855 Kinkakuji Thermae of Caracalla Rome, Italy 212-216 BC Imperial Palace Is an attractive park in the center of the city that was reconstructed after it had burnt down. Cement was used for great arches and vaults. 1397 Kinkakuji is an impressive structure built overlooking a large pond it has two floors that are completely covered in gold leaf. Rome, Italy Unique Features of Japanese Architecture 70-80 AD Considered one of the greatest works of Roman architecture and Roman engineering. Materials used Exterior layout Interior layout Materials used Roman architectural detailing Bamboo Flooring Unique features of Roman Architecture Exterior Walls Contain Massive
amounts of Soil & Clay Japanese Architecture Chinese Architecture Korean Architecture Similarities of Japanese Architecture Kinkaku-ji Korean Palace Romans used arches, concrete, and bricks used for building exterior structures. Japanese Style Romans based much of their architecture on the dome. Simple Sketch Of Japanese Architecture Modern Japanese
Architecture French Architecture History 1412 70 A.D Arena of Nîmes The Arenas of Nimes is the site of two annual bullfights, and it is also used for other public events. Architectural detailing in Rome was mostly based on symmetry. Château de Chenonceau Is a French castle and the most visited and photographed chateau of the Loire Valley in France. Unique Features Of French Architecture Greek architecture Italian architecture Similarities with Roman Greek Temple Majority of buildings use Stone Material for the Exterior Structure Italian Temple Roof Styles
(French Architecture had most of these roof styles) Roman Style Window Materials Used British Architecture Catholic Architecture French Architecture Similarities of French Architecture Goodrich Castle Bodiam Castle Isometric sketch of Throne Platform Gagliano Aterno Castle Episcopal Throne Platform Villa Trissino 1666-1679 French Style Chartres Cathedral Italian Architectural History Perspective Sketch by A.M. Dunn of a French church Japanese Architectural History shōji screen were used for the interior walls Roman Temple Similarities of Roman Architecture 1534 Associated by tradition with the architect Andrea Palladio. San Lorenzo, Turin Royal church of San Lorenzo. Designed and built by Guarino Guarini. Unique features of Italian architecture Exterior structure The dome of the Salute was an important addition to the Venice skyline. Interior layout Santa Maria Della Salute Florence Cathedral Main church of Florence, Italy. Gothic style design and dome engineered. Materials used Italian architectural detailing Palace of Charles V Courses, mouldings and all decorative details are carved with great precision. 1527 The origin of Charles V Palace was the need for a place that would include all the comforts of the time for the Emperor and his family Casa Mila 1905 The building is made open to the public by the CatalunyaCaixa Foundation, which manages the various exhibitions and activities and visits to the interior and roof. Spanish Architecture History The Dome of St Peter's Basilica, Rome Unique features of Spanish Architecture Curves and Arches Wooden Doors and Gates Sketch of the St. Peter's Basilica is located within the Vatican city in Rome, Italy. The Basilica of Saint Peter Ceramic Flooring Windows and Pigeon Italian Style La Sagrada Familia Spanish Style One of Barcelona's most popular tourist attractions. Construction on this church will continue for at least another decade, but it has already become Barcelona's most important landmark. Sketch by Archbishop Cantwell Wilshire Boulevard Victorian Architecture Romanesque Architecture Spanish Architecture Similarities of Spanish Architecture Balboa Park Spanish style is based on curved entries, rich natural woods, deep and vibrant colors, clay shingles, and landscaping highlighted by cacti and bromeliads. St Pancras railway station The railway station is a great example of Victorian architecture and magnificently combines the iron and stone framework with the brick walls. Most buildings have thick walls, sturdy structure and columns, and has a decorative tower, this style can be recognized throughout Spanish Architecture. Egyptian Style Sketch (Pyramids of Giza) Temple of Horus at Edfu Is the most completely preserved temple. Built from sandstone blocks. On the walls there is important information on language, myth and religion Greek Architecture Mayan Architecture Egyptian Architecture Temple of Satet More than 500 blocks of the Satet Temple commissioned by Queen Hatshepsut have been recovered and reassembled. (Egyptians worshiped gods at the temple of Satet) 1078-1097 2004 1093-1175 English Architectural History The Parthenon under restoration in 2008 The Parthenon is a temple that replaced an older temple of Athena, which historians called the Pre-Parthenon or Older Parthenon. Norman Fosters 'Gherkin' (2004) rises above the thirteenth century church St Helen's Bishops gate in London. White Tower, at the heart of the Tower of London, was begun by Bishop Gundulf in 1078 on the orders of William the Conqueror. The structure was completed in 1097, providing a colonial stronghold and a powerful symbol of Norman domination. Mayan Temple St Helen's Bishops Gate White Tower These temples were built out of beautifully carve stones. As for the interior, it was decorated with mural paintings. These elements are all found in Egyptian architecture Durham Cathedral was begun by Bishop William de St Carilef in 1093 and completed in 1175. The choir was extended in the Gothic style between 1242 and 1280. Muscular pillars and round-headed arches make Durham one of the most imposing Norman buildings in England. Similarities of Egyptian Architecture Durham Cathedral Exterior structure Interior layout Materials used Unique Features of English Architecture The palace is one of England's largest houses, was built between 1705 and circa 1724. Blenheim Palace Gothic architecture is a style of architecture that flourished during the high and late medieval period. Reims Cathedral, France English Architectural Detailing Fan vaulting at Bath Abbey. English Style A history of mosques in Britain. 19 April, 2012 By Shahed Saleem Mosque in Britain. English architecture Netherlands architecture Finland architecture Similarities of English Architecture All Saints' Church, Earls Barton Architecture of the Anglo-Saxon period exists only in the form of churches. The 800-year-old Church of Termunterzijl in the north of the Netherlands. The Petäjävesi Old Church, a wooden church located in Petäjävesi, Finland. Italian architecture Indian architecture Spain architecture Similarities of Italian Architecture San Cesarea Terme Apulia, Islamic architecture in Italy. Islamic architecture in India. Merging styles from both India and the Roman empire. Ancient Islamic Architecture in Spain.