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SEMANTICS

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by

alfonso lopez

on 8 September 2013

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Transcript of SEMANTICS

SEMANTICS
It´s the study of the meaning
of words, phrases and sentences.
Denotation or conceptual meaning
refers to the literal meaning of a word, the "dictionary definition".
Connotation or Associative meaning
refers to the associations that are connected to a certain word or the emotional suggestions related to that word.
Examples:
1.-
snake
.- venomous reptiles found in most tropical and temperate regions.

2.-
heart
.- the organ inside your chest that sends blood round the body.

3.
house
.- where a person lives at any given time.
Examples:

1.-
snake
.- Evil or danger.

2.-
heart
.- love or sadness.

3.-
home
.- loving, comfortable

Implication
a meaning that is inferred or implied but is not expressed directly. The idea that is intended.
*SYNONYMS
*ANTONYMS
*HYPONYMS
are two words with very similar, almost identical meaning
words that have opposite meanings
the meaning of one word which is included in the meaning of another, broader term.
examples
angry - furious, mad
awful - terrible, dreadful, unpleasant
big- enormous, huge, gigantic
examples:
appear- disappear, vanish
always- never
bitter- sweet
examples:
lettuce is a hyponym of vegetable
hant is a hyponym of insect
banana is a hyponym of fruit
*HOMONYMS
are words which have the same spelling or pronunciation but different meanings
Homophones
are words which have different written forms, but the same pronunciation and different meaning.
examples:
bee and be
to and too, two
sun and son
flower and flour
Homographs
are words which have same spelling but different pronunciation and meaning.
examples:
bow as in arrow vs bow as in bending ,bow the front part of a boat.
close as in next to vs close as in shut the door,
desert as in dry climate vs desert as in leaving alone.
examples:
Fair- fair: that´s fair; let´s go to the fair
Suit: suit yourself; wore a suit.
BARE – BEAR : with bare hands; I can't bear it; the polar bear.
BANK – BANK: the bank of the river; the Bank of England; a bank account.
HI – HIGH: Hi; how are you?; high walls.
two types
ALFONSO ABIGAIL LOPEZ DIAZ
Full transcript