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The Renaissance

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Mr. Strong

on 18 December 2015

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Transcript of The Renaissance

The European Renaissance
a rebirth or an awakening?
Activator
Do you agree with the picture to the left? Is it ALWAYS good? Does Everyone benefit from change?
Notes on the Renaissance
Notes on the Renaissance
Cue words
Cue words
Notes
The Renaissance
a rebirth/re-discovery of art and learning in Europe (1300-1600)
Unpleasant life during the Middle Ages (before)
The Crusades; Feudalism; Black Plague; Few were Educated
Why did it start in Italy?
Drew inspiration from Ancient Greece and Rome; Growing cities led to a growing middle class (merchants);
easy trade over water (Mediterranean)
; Powerful Families (Medici family)
Before the Renaissance
The Black Death
A bacterial disease passed by fleas and carried by rodents led to painful sores and to the death of MILLIONS - No cure at the time
Many tried traditional methods of medicine, but none worked. Doctors who served plague victims wore clothes to protect themselves from the disease and smell
"The Black Death killed an estimated 75 to 200 million people" ~Wikipedia
Crusades
The Catholic Church led religious wars to re-capture Jerusalem, leading to the death of many
Feudalism
Those on the bottom stayed on the bottom, little to no social mobility.
Education
We don't need no education! We don't need no social mobility! We're peasants!
Education was restricted to officials in the Church and the Nobles.
Why did the Renaissance start in Italy?
Inspiration from Ancient Greece and Rome
Powerful Families unlike other Europeans - for instance the Medicis
A Growing Middle Class - Merchants (between Nobles and Peasants)
How did the Renaissance start?
Italian families gained respect through PATRONIZING the Arts, Sciences, and encouraging HUMANISM
Cue Words
Notes
Cue Words
Notes
Vocabulary - Renaissance
Vocabulary - Renaissance
Humanism
Secularism
Patrons
Belief that people have the potential to improve.
valued studying things other than religion
People gave money to support art, culture, and learning
Important People of the Renaissance
The Medicis
Leonardo, DOnatello, Rafael, Michaelangelo
Vernacular
Using the language of ordinary people
Niccolo Machiavelli
William Shakespeare
Johan Guttenburg
The powerful Italian family from Florence that PATRONized many scholars and helped spread HUMANISM and SECULARISM.
Leonardo da Vinci, Donatello di Niccolo di Betto Bardi, Michelangelo Buonarroti, Raphael Sanzio were all important Renaissance artists.*
invented the printing press
Wrote "The Prince" - the ends justify the means
Developed sonnets; wrote many plays
*also inspired the names for the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles.
Write three things you learned today
1.
2.
3.
Write two things you want to learn more about from today's lesson
1.
2.
Write one thing that you've heard about before
1.
Ticket to Leave:
Stamped Notes and 3-2-1
On a half-sheet of paper do the following:
PRIMER
important stuff of the Renaissance
Renaissance Artists
Activator
“Painting is poetry that is seen rather than felt, and poetry is painting that is felt rather than seen.” - Leonardo da Vinci
Answer these questions about the quote above:
What do you think DaVinci means by this quote? What is he telling us about paintings and poetry?
Michelangelo was
Sculptor
Painter
Poet
Architect

His best known work:
The Sistine Chapel
1st Pieta
David

Michelangelo’s Patron

Sistine Chapel
1508-1512

While Michelangelo did not care much for painting, his paintings on the Sistine Chapel (walls and ceiling) are some of his most important works.
Michelangelo feuded with both Leonardo da Vinci & Raphael
Fast Facts: Michelangelo Buonarroti
At 14, Michelangelo was discovered by Lorenzo de’ Medici (the ruler of Florence). He moved into his palace and learned many things from well known artists of the day.

Fast Facts: Raphael Sanzio
Christ Supported by Two Angels c.1490

The Parnassus c.1511

Raphael was
a painter.
An architect.

Raphael did most of his work in Rome, unlike Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo (Florence).
He ran a large workshop for painters.
He died young.
David

Donatello was
a sculptor
a painter.

He worked mostly in Florence and Rome.
He focused on Christian art.
He often worked with Bronze.
Fast Facts: Donatello di Niccolo Betto Bardi

major works
Renaissance notes
Renaissance notes
Cosmio de’ Medici (the 1st Medici that ruled Florence – the father of the nation). Commissioned much of Donatello’s work.
When Donatello’s patron was exiled. Donatello left and worked in Rome.

major works
What's the Difference?
Art from the Middle Ages
Art from the Renaissance
How is art from the Renaissance difference from that of the Middle Ages?
Demonstrated and celebrated human form
The Renaissance Man: Leonardo DaVinci &
The First Family of the Renaissance - the Medicis
Activator
How was Renaissance Art difference than art from the Middle Ages?
Renaissance Values
What new values became important during the Renaissance?

Humanism
– people have the potential to improve.

Secularism
– people begin to study things other than religion.

Patrons
– People who believed art and culture were important and gave $$$ to support it.

The Renaissance Man: Leonardo DaVinci &
The First Family of the Renaissance - the Medicis
The Renaissance Man: Leonardo DaVinci
(1452-1519)
Considered to be the brightest mind of the Renaissance.

He was, a painter, a map maker, a sculptor, a writer, a musician, a botanist, an architect, an inventor, an engineer, a geologist

Important Art Works
Mona Lisa (1503 - 1506)


In Italian the words for my lady is Madonna. A contraction of Madonna is Mona.

The word "mona" is similar to how we use the word ma’am today.

Mona Lisa was likely Lisa del Giocondo, the wife of a rich silk merchant.

Mona Lisa
The Last Supper
DaVinci's Scientific Journals
Leonardo DaVinci took detailed notes on everything that he studied that had a profound impact on future sciences and studies. HUMANISM influenced DaVinci to study the human body for scientific and artistic reasons.
DaVinci and Engineering
Used scientific studies to develop plans for some technologies, some quite fantastical.
Da Vinci was the first "systems engineer," creating a new attitude about understanding how machines worked.
Flying Machine
10-Barrel Shotgun
The Medici Family
The First Family of the Renaissance
Major Members of the Medici Family
Cosimo de Medici
First major player in the family
Lorenzo de Medici
Ruled Florence, Art thrived
Giovanni Medici
Became Pope Leo X
Learning Activity
Period 7-8 Lunch Transition Time
You have 3 minutes to:
Get to your assigned seat
Get prepared for class
End your conversations
Remember:
R-E-S-P-E-C-T
Renaissance Values
What new values became important during the Renaissance?

Humanism
– people have the potential to improve.

Secularism
– people begin to study things other than religion.

Patrons
– People who believed art and culture were important and gave $$$ to support it.

What's the Difference between Art from the Renaissance and Middle Ages?
Art from the Middle Ages
Two - Dimensional 2D (flat)
Almost Always Religious content
No or little detail in background
Paid for by Church
Flattened human features, little detail
What's the Difference between Art from the Renaissance and Middle Ages?
Renaissance Art
Three-Dimensional 3D (shows depth)
Backgrounds often as detailed as main subject
Often showed human form accurately
Still religious, but often more SECULAR as well
Renaissance or Middle Ages?
Is the piece from the Renaissance or Middle Ages?
How do you know this?
Is the piece from the Renaissance or Middle Ages?
How do you know this? (at least 1 reason)
Renaissance or Middle Ages?
Is the piece from the Renaissance or Middle Ages?
How do you know this?
Renaissance or Middle Ages?
Renaissance or Middle Ages?
Is the piece from the Renaissance or Middle Ages?
How do you know this? (at least 1 reason)
Renaissance or Middle Ages?
Is the piece from the Renaissance or Middle Ages?
How do you know this? (at least 1 reason)
Renaissance or Middle Ages?
Is the piece from the Renaissance or Middle Ages?
How do you know this? (at least 1 reason)
Renaissance or Middle Ages?
Is the piece from the Renaissance or Middle Ages?
How do you know this? (at least 1 reason)
Renaissance or Middle Ages?
Is the piece from the Renaissance or Middle Ages?
How do you know this? (at least 1 reason)
Renaissance or Middle Ages?
Is the piece from the Renaissance or Middle Ages?
How do you know this? (at least 1 reason)
Renaissance or Middle Ages?
Is the piece from the Renaissance or Middle Ages?
How do you know this? (at least 1 reason)
Renaissance or Middle Ages?
Is the piece from the Renaissance or Middle Ages?
How do you know this? (at least 1 reason)
Renaissance or Middle Ages?
Is the piece from the Renaissance or Middle Ages?
How do you know this? (at least 1 reason)
#1
#2
#3
#4
#5
#6
#7
#8
#9
#10
#11
Ticket to Leave:
Look at the two art pieces on the right. Write a 4-7 sentence paragraph to answer the following questions.

1. From which time period did example 1 come from?

2. From which time period did example 2 come from?

3. What is different between the examples?
example 1
example 2
Activator
What does the term "Renaissance" mean? What ancient cultures did people in that time draw inspiration from?
Remember: R-E-S-P-E-C-T
Patronage of the arts
The Medici Web
Cosimo de Medici
Patron to:
Brunelleschi
Donatello
Fra Angelico

Grandfather of Lorenzo the Magnificent (Medici)
Lorenzo the Magnificent
de Medici
Patron to:
Botticelli
Leonardo DaVinci
Michaelangelo

Wrote poetry himself
Giovanni Medici
Became Pope Leo X
Patron to:
Raphael Sanzio
Jacopo Sansovino
Agostino Chigi

Used his role as Pope to push humanism and the arts
Four Major Artists of the Renaissance
Donatello
Michelangelo
Leonardo DaVinci
Raphael
Learning Activity
Cue Words
Notes
Cue Words
Notes
Renaissance Notes
Renaissance Notes
The Medici Family
THE Family of the Renaissance; Rose to power in Florence; PATRONS of the Arts
Major Artist and works
Donatello (David); Michelangelo (Sistine Chapel); DaVinci (Mona Lisa); Raphael (Parnassus)
Realism
representing a person, thing, or situation accurately or in a way that is true to life
DaVinci Guided Reading, Annotation, and say-back summary
Fun Extention
EPIC RAP BATTLES OF HISTORY
Ticket to Leave:
Stamped notes and say-back summaries
The Printing Press
Activator
Socrates said the following about the invention of the written alphabet:

“For this invention will produce forgetfulness in the minds of those who learn to use it, because they will not practice their memory."

Do you agree with Socrates? Explain.
The Renaissance and the Printing Press
Renaissance Values
What new values became important during the Renaissance?

Humanism
– people have the potential to improve.

Secularism
– people begin to study things other than religion.

Patrons
– People who believed art and culture were important and gave $$$ to support it.

Remember: R-E-S-P-E-C-T
Cue Words
Notes
Cue Words
Notes
Renaissance notes
Renaissance notes
Johannes Gutenberg
invented the printing press in 1450; revolutionized how books were made
Printing Press
used mechanical screw press to press paper into pre-inked movable type; could produce up to 3600 pages a day - up from a few when copied by hand
Scribe
someone who copies books by hand
Scriptorium
a place where books were copied by hand
Effects of Printing Press
More books were available; easier access to knowledge; ideas and education spread faster
Learning Activity
Using the diagram, create a step-by-step instructional manual on how to use a printing press
Ticket to Leave:
Three Parts:

1. Notes

2. Instructional Manual for
Printing Press

3. Create a Slogan for the printing press and put it on the board
History.com Video
http://www.history.com/topics/middle-ages/videos/mankind-the-story-of-all-of-us-the-printing-press
Screw Press
Moveable Type
Typesetting
Inking
Bar to operate screw press
How could the printing press help spread Renaissance Ideas?
More and Machiavelli: Government during the Renaissance
Activator
What did you find was the most difficult part of making your illuminated Manuscript?
*If you have not finished, you need to do so after school or during lunch. It is a TEST GRADE.
Notes on More and Machiavelli
Yes, you need to write this down.
Sir Thomas More
Philosopher, Lawyer, Saint, Journalist (1478 -–1535)
England

Wrote the book "Utopia" that describes what he thought was a perfect society and government governed by reason and logic.Believed government should be fair and accountable to people
Devout religious figure; Tried for treason and beheaded after he refused to recognize King Henry VIII (8) as the Head of the English (Anglican) Church.
Notes on More and Machiavelli
Yes, you need to write this down.
Diplomat, Writer (1469 -–1527) Italy

Wrote the book "The Prince", a handbook for unscrupulous (scheming) politicians

Came up with the idea that the "Ends Justify the Means"
Niccolò Machiavelli
Believed that people in power were justified in doing anything (Means) in order to keep their power and have a stable (steady) government (Ends)
Learning Activity
Ticket to Leave:
Completed Two-Sided Say Back Summaries Sheet w/ annotations (you choose which kind)
Completed Give one Get one on More and Machiavelli
Read the primary source handouts.
Write three annotations for each side.
Write say-back summaries for each passage (reading).
Extension Activity
Do you agree with More or Machiavelli? Why? Write a paragraph to state your answer.

Remember MEAL (Main Idea, Evidence, Analysis, Link) 4-7 sentences.
The Northern Renaissance and William Shakespeare
Activator
Match the ideas below with the person that wrote them based on yesterday's lesson. (Machiavelli or More).
2. The Ends Justify the Means
1. Government should be based on reason and logic as well as be accountable to people.
Remember the Class Motto: R-E-S-P-E-C-T
Notes on William Shakespeare
William Shakespeare
often called the English national poet, is widely considered the greatest dramatist of all time.
over the course of 20 years, Shakespeare wrote plays that capture the complete range of human emotion and conflict
http://www.biography.com/people/william-shakespeare-9480323
Noteable works: Hamlet, Romeo & Juliet, Merchant of Venice;

Built the Globe Theatre with business partners; became entrepreneur
Shakespeare Biography Read, Annotate, and Questions
Read the Shakespeare biography and answer the attached questions.

Ticket to leave:
Complete Shakespeare bio questions

Shakespeare and Humanism
Shall I compare you to a summer day? You’re lovelier and milder. Rough winds shake the pretty buds of May, and summer doesn’t last nearly long enough. Sometimes the sun shines too hot, and often its golden face is darkened by clouds. And everything beautiful stops being beautiful, either by accident or simply in the course of nature. But your eternal summer will never fade, nor will you lose possession of your beauty, nor shall death brag that you are wandering in the underworld, once you’re captured in my eternal verses. As long as men are alive and have eyes with which to see, this poem will live and keep you alive.
Shakesperian Sonnet 18 - How does this sonnet demonstrate the influence of Humanism on the Arts?
Full transcript