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the textile industry
Transcript of the textile industry
No matter what trend is in, whether it's a color, pattern or design, it is important to remember before a fashion designer can finalize their design or a trend comes to life they must start with raw materials
Great Britain's Advantage
In early 18th Century Great Britain was determined to dominate the textile industry
Coming up with new technology helped speed up the process of making clothes, giving them an advantage
Due to certain laws in Britain, English machinery was forbidden to be exported, as were the designs & instructions to built such machinery
Trends for 2014
Issues and Challenges
Major Players Rankings
the textile industry
The textile industry is a group of related industries which uses a variety of natural and/or synthetic fibers to produce fabric.
Steps Within Manufacturing Textiles
Harvesting & processing raw fiber to yarns & thread (Spinning)
Joining individual threads together to form fabric (Weaving)
Cleaning, Dyeing, Printing & Finishing
Rolling & Shipment
The Power Loom
The Spinning Jenny
Invented by Edmund Cartwright in 1785
Invented by James Hargreaves in 1765
America's Textile Foundation
Exposure to Chemicals
Exposure to Noise
In textile operations, chemicals based on crease-resistance agents release formaldehyde, a flame retardant that include organobromine compounds
Studies have revealed links between exposure to formaldehyde and cancer of the nasal & lung, as well as to brain cancer and leukemia, causing
Studies also revealed that textile workers were at high risk for developing cancer of the stomach. Furthermore, a high degree of colorectal cancer, thyroid cancer, testicular cancer and nasal cancer was observed among textile workers
High levels of noise have been observed in most units engaged in the textile industry, particularly those in developing countries.
Lack of efficient maintenance of machinery is one of the major reasons behind the noise pollution in a majority of units.
Problems like fatigue, absenteeism, annoyance, anxiety, reduction in efficiency, changes in pulse rate and blood pressure, as well as sleep disorders, have been noted on account of continuous exposure to noise.
Though it causes serious health effects, exposure to noise is often ignored by textile units because it's effects are not immediately visible and there is an absence of physical pain.
The OSHA law prohibits employers from retaliating against employees for exercising their rights under the law (including the right to raise a health & safety concern or report an injury).
The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission is in charge of protecting the public from unreasonable risks of serious injury or death
Before WTO's Agreement on Textiles and Clothing (ATC) introduced in 1995, textiles and clothing exports from developing countries to the industrial countries were subject to quotas under a special regime outside normal GATT rules.
(Within the US)
Conduct research directed toward the discovery and development of new materials technology for commercial and industrial applications.
Alters garments, using proper equipment and supplies to form finished garment
Companies can be socially responsible in many different ways & each company varies in the way that it chooses to be socially responsible
•established the Strategic Help Alliance for Relief to Distressed Areas, providing a better quality of life to the people in urban areas:
supplying clean water
and working with hospitals to
provide basic medical facilities to public
developed an environmental policy with a view to
protecting the environment
from the negative effects of its operations including
"Founder of American Industrial Revolution"
built first successful cotton mill in New England (1790)
Francis Cabot Lowell
"Founder of World's First Textile Mill"
created a better power loom & spinning apparatus (1813)
Furs and Fringe
Issues, Regulations, Opportunities & Social Responsibility:
Mackenzie, Mariame, Monique & Angelo
4. United States