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Transcript of CZECH REPUBLIC
Presentation by: Joanna Burdzel by:Joanna Burdzel The Czech Republic The Czech Republic Something you should know by looking at the graph is that there aren't very drastic population changes in the Czech Republic. It's a very simple country. Welcome to the virtual tour of the Czech Republic! You will see through the eyes of an everyday Czech person after I, Joanna, show you everything you need to know about this extraordinary country. ENJOY! Ahh, this is a great way to start. What you just saw was the flag of the Czech Republic. Although there is no unique significance for this flag, it has an interesting history. The creators wanted it to be easily recognizable in battle. So they chose the three colors (red, blue, white) and put them in a pattern that no other country had. It became the official flag on March 30, 1920. But it was for Czechoslovakia. When Czechoslovakia split apart into the Czech Republic and Slovakia, the Czechs kept the flag. This brings me to the next part of our tour.... Czech Republic History Before 1993, this country and Slovakia were called Czechoslovakia. The country split because of differences in how they thought the government should work. Before World War II most of the people living here were Jewish. But German Nazis sent 84% of all Jewish Czechoslovakians to concentration camps. Now, both the Czech Republic and Slovakia have mostly athiest people; whom do not beleive in any God. They also have many Roman Catholic people. Important Facts: Main Language: Czech Ethnic Groups: Czech, Slovakian and Polish Capitol: Prague Three manufactured products: road vehicles glass-related products footware type
it has a prime
minister who is head
of government, and a president who is head of
state. Current leader:
Vaclav Klause. Born on June 19th, 1941. He grew up in the upper middle class and attended different colleges in Italy and America. He has published more than 20 books and received more than 50 rewards in his lifetime. First the prime minister, and then elected as president in 2003. Re-elected in 2008 Highest peak:
Snezka, 1602m. Lowest Peak:
Elbe River, 115m. Getting dizzy yet? 5 Geographical Features:
Carpathians Range Morava River Macocha Caves Lake Brno Lipno Reservoir Famous Person: Jan Zrzavy: Born on November 5th, 1890. He was one of the most famous people in the 18th century Czech Republic because of European-Medieval art. He was discovered by a fellow artist who admired his work. Once his paintings started getting popular, people were demanding to see more of his work. Later on in his life, he was announced a national artist, and received many rewards. Physical map of the Czech Republic Political map of the Czech Republic You probably know who Albert Einstien is. He's a famous American scientist. It's time to meet a CZECH scientist.
Otto Wichterle. (Born on October 27, 1913. Died on August 18, 1998) Straight after high school, Otto went to college and earned a doctrate in chemistry. He then taught at a Czech university until he was imprisoned by German Nazis in 1942, who thought that he had hidden some of his scientific research to prevent the Germans from using his science in war weapons. The Nazis were right. Otto had invented silon, a synthetic fiber. His plan was to make contact lenses that were softer then the glass ones being used. They were expensive to make and uncomfortable to wear. Nevertheless, Otto was released because he was "deemed politically unreliable" to the Nazis. They did not find out about his invention on silon.
Soon enough, Otto became interested in a new plastic called HEMA. It could absorb and retain mouisture, which would make better contact lenses. Using a motor from an old phonograph player, parts from a bicycle, and a child's erector set, he discovered and created the basics of the process now used to create soft contact lenses. He published his work in a science magazine, and his invention received attention from many Czech scientists. But Czechoslovakia was a communist country at that time, so the the government sold all rights to an American entreprenuer for $330,000. Under Czech law, Otto received 1/10 of 1% of that payment, about $330. Otto and the other scientists were appalled.
In 1968, Otto was one of the many Czech people who signed a petition criticizing the communist government and caling for democratization. In 1989, Otto Wichterle and his fellow scientists finally got what the wanted, a democratic government, and he was elected as the first President of the Acadamy of the Czech Republic. Even though he did not get the attention he deserved, Otto invented something that is now worn by about 100,000,000 people worldwide. Technological Status of the Czech Republic:
This country, and other small European countries, were always behind in technology and electronics. Up until the last 20 years, people living here were clueless about these inventions. In 2006, there was a major turning point, because technology evolutionized all around the Czech Republic! Now, even people who lived in the countyside had access to the things we take for granted! Natural Resources and Vegetation 34%* of the Czech Rrepublic was forest.
The rest was made up of rolling plains, hills, plateaus, and low mountains.
Lumber and Forest products was one of their common natural resources.
Low mountains also provided natural resources such as hard coal, soft coal, clay, and graphite.
76%* of the Czech Republic was fertile enough to be farmland, but only during the summer because of the climate.
These percentages have decreased because of the technological advantage in the last 20 years. Climate! The climate in this country in continental,
meaning it has cold winters and warm summers.
Most of the percipitation happens in the summer,
because there is usually a lot of rain, but not a lot
snow during winter months. It is mostly bitter
cold, which effects the vegetation and crops. So what if someone didn't know about
the nasty climate in this country, and came here for a vacation? You would probably need
to exchange your currency, right? Well here's how it works. For every 1 American dollar,
there are 17.5 Czech Korunas.
The common American Currency (Dollars) is made up of 6 bills: $1, $5, $10, $20, $50, and $100 The common Czech currency (Korunas) is made up of 7 bills: 50CZK, 100CZK, 200CZK, 500CKZ, 1000CZK, 2000CZK, and 5000CZK. There are 100 cents in every 1 American dollar. They are represented by coins:
1 cent(penny), 5 cents(nickle),
10 cents(dime), 25 cents(quarter) Czech coins are different because the Czech BILLS start from 50CZK. Which means the coins actually stand for 1CZK, 2CZK, 5CZK, 10CZK, 20CZK, and 50CZK. (50 can be a coin or a bill) By the way, even though there is an extremelly low crime rate in the Czech Republic, there are many burgularies and cases of theft targeted on tourists. So watch your back! Unique Czech Tradition The Czech Republic and other European
countries celebrate traditions that sound
strange to Americans. One of these is called
"name day". If you open any Czech calender,
you would notice a different name printed for
each day of the year. The order never changes. A very long time ago, around the end of the 17th century, a Caholic calender was formed and it marked the deaths of every saint. For example, Saint Nicholas (a.k.a. Santa Clause) died on December 6th, AD 343. So everybody named Nicholas celebrates their name day on December 6th. But because this tradition has been clebrated for so long, some names were changed slightly because they were too old and nobody used them. Back when the Czech Republic was still a communist Czechoslovakia,
parents were not allowed to chose whatever name they like for their children. They had to chose one of the 365 names on the calender.Even though it's not a law anymore, parents still pick these names because it's more of a tradition now, and children would feel left out if they couldn't celebrate their name day! Why would they get upset? Because in the Czech Republic, name days are treated like birthdays! You can have a party, people give you gifts, sometimes even strangers congradulate you! All Czech's celebrate name day. It's what brings them together and puts many smiles on faces. No wonder the tradition is so popular! Sadly, we are reaching the end of this wonderful tour. But I needed to add one more thing.. Suprisingly, the most popular sport in the Czech Republic is ice hockey! They are regular world championship winners, and the sport is now their national sport. The first win was in 1947, and they won 6 more times after that. But the country was still Czechoslovakia. After they split up, the Czechs won 5 more times. Their most recent win was at the 2005 championship. SPORTS HC Sparta is the team that gives
the Czech Republic the success. Their colors are red, blue, and yellow. Jiri Vykoukal, the team's best player, started his ice hockey career during college and tried his luck in the U.S. but didn't make it to the NHL. He came back to play for HC Sparta and now he has thousands of fans that look up to him as the greatest Czech hockey player ever. Well, this is the end.
I'm sure you learned a lot
about the Czech Republic.
I suppose you even learned a little ...too much?
Thanks for watching!