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Transcript of EDTECH2 rep1
“It does not matter how slowly you go as long as you do not stop.”
Educational Technology defined
A Modern View
areas of concern in curriculum planning
In this type of learning environment, learners would start their learning from different points, take different learning routes, and finish at different times.
The study and ethical practice of facilitating learning and improving performance by creating, using and managing appropriate technological processes.
Why do we need to study Educational Technology?
Educational technology allows the teacher to determine how to best integrate technology with the various learning styles that would be effective in teaching every student in the class.
Educational Technology can include any resource and any process that facilitates learning. A teacher might use educational technology to enhance the quality and clarity of communication. A teacher might employ a particular process or a specific technology to increase the likelihood that a presentation addresses a specific learning style or intelligence.
EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: THE PAST
Thomas Alva Edison (1913) suggested, albeit incorrectly, that “Books will soon be obsolete in schools.” Although book have not become obsolete even today, motion media have added indeed made their influence felt in schools, as they have in society general.
Educational Technology: A Modern View
Why use Technology?
Quote of the Day
How about the modern view of EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY?
Books being replaced by movie projectors
Programmed Instruction stemmed from a learning tool referred to as a teaching machine. While using the teaching machine the student can learn at his or her own pace. Each concept is taught in small steps to assure the student's success. By the time each student finishes the course, he or she should have adequate
knowledge of the subject.
1. Linear -
Linear programming immediately reinforces student responses that are correct. Each 'bit' of information is presented in a "frame," and a student who has made a correct response proceeds to the next frame. All students work through the same sequence.
2. Branching programming
- the student who responds incorrectly will either be returned to the original frame, or routed through a subprogram designed to remedy the deficiency indicated by the wrong choice. This process is repeated at each step throughout the program, and a student may be exposed to differing amounts of material depending upon errors made.
2 types of programmed instruction
CAI is an automated instructional technique in which a computer is used to present an instructional program to the learner through an interactive process on computer. It is an instructional technique in which the computer instructs the students and the computer contains a stored instructional program designed to inform, guide, control and test the students until a prescribed level of proficiency is reached.
Programmed learning is a form of operant conditioning. According to B. F. Skinner, who invented this methodology, the purpose of programmed learning is to manage human learning under controlled conditions.
Programmed learning is based on behaviorist theories of learning which aims to shape behavior into predetermined patterns by strengthening stimulus-response bonds. (Entwistle, N. 1994)
as you do not
how has technology improved education?
Teachers can share ideas, lesson plans and teaching methods via the internet.
Students learn valuable research skills at a young age.
Students and teachers have access to diverse material.
Online learning is now an option.
King, Candice. Educational Technology. http://faculty.tamuc.edu/jdavis/ETEC/562/062/chpres/ETEC562-062-Ch01-Candice.ppt.
Fernley, Troy. Programmed Instruction. http://itls.usu.edu/groups/6310_knowledgebase/wiki/27577/Programmed_Instruction.html
Anderson, Tom. Subject: Lesson 1 q2 On Programmed Instruction. http://lrs.ed.uiuc.edu/students/fretzin/epl1q2programmed.htm
Ho, Wenyi. Skinner's Programmed Instruction. http://www.personal.psu.edu/wxh139/Skinner.htm
EDUTECH202. INTRODUCTION TO EDUCATIONAL COMMUNICATION AND TECHNOLOGY. http://edutech202.blogspot.com/2012/12/computer-in-education-computer-assisted.html
Brooks, Sarah. Better or worse: Has education improved with time? http://www.sheknows.com/living/articles/1007039/has-education-improved-with-technology