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Thomas Hobbes

By: Roya, Monique, and Bobo
by

Roya Yaqubi

on 22 February 2013

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Transcript of Thomas Hobbes

History X : Philosophy Edition Thomas Hobbes Take a look inside Thomas Hobbes Philosophy Brains... Thomas Hobbes was born on April 5th, 1588 in Westport Wiltshire. His premature birth was rushed by his mother's fear upon hearing of the approach of the Spanish Armada. His father was vicar of Westport but fled to London after being involved in a brawl outside his own church, leaving Thomas to be raised by a wealthy uncle. He was educated at the Hertford College, Oxford between 1603-1608. Later on he died on December 4th, 1679. Hobbes published his ideas in political philosophy in two key works. The ideas in the first, De Cive, were substantially developed in his later work, Leviathon. (Roya) Thomas Hobbes - Oregon State University Hobbes Evaluation Weaknesses Profile Strengths Thomas Hobbes was a great figure in philosophy, his philosophy was on materialism. He believed that everything happens as a result of the physical world. Thomas Hobbes shared some of the same ideas as John Locke, they both agreed that a ruler of some sort appeared necessary for a country to thrive and flourish. Without a leader running the country it would fall into nothing. In a political sense, Hobbes though that only a king should have the right to govern the people, one king should make decision, write laws, and control masses. In the year 1651 Thomas Hobbes published Leviathan, one of his famous pieces that detailed his physical outlook and concept of the value of a social contract for a peaceful society. Hobbes believed that if individuals within society continually lived by their own self-interest they would continue to hurt each other and be stuck in a state of war. If the members of society were to live within certain boundaries, which he believed would make it impossible to harm one another, the members of that society would be in a state of peace. Hobbes idea was to present a permanent peace, however the flaw in that idea is ridiculously enormous. Hobbes’ idea was over simplified, it is irrational to assume that people will act rationally all the time. Also a weakness in Hobbes’ argument was that one does not necessarily require the consent of everyone to govern and prosper; it only requires the approval of those with sufficient resources and leverage. Therefore members of rich and powerful groups don’t need to have any consideration for poor groups. Wealthy people must take consideration of the weak groups to make sure society is balanced and not going to fall. Although Hobbes’s philosophy is radically cynical when arguing about all our actions being in our own self-interest, it could also be argued that this is well placed cynicism. This could be an example of how Hobbes ought to restore self-interest with cautious moral action. Another strength about Hobbes’ work was his effective development in vocabulary for philosophy in the English language, his Leviathan effectively showed this development. Hobbes maintained to avoid the difficulties which human reasoning is most obviously prone to and makes it possible to articulate a clear conception of reality. "Do not that to another, which thou wouldst not have done to thyself." –Thomas Hobbes, Leviathan. Did Thomas Hobbes Support Civil Disobedience? Looking through all of Thomas Hobbes’ philosophies and theories his concept was not one that supported civil disobedience. He would not have supported the idea of civil disobedience because throughout his work he strived for peace and although his ideas were simple and irrational civil disobedience would be terrifying to him since he wanted a set of rules by a king. He thought man was evil but he still believed society needed a monarchy to functions peacefully. Thomas Hobbes had the opposite idea of civil disobedience, he wanted a system for society with laws and rules that would bring peace to everyone. He had a simple concept for society to finally become a state of peace rather than war.
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