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Romeo and Juliet Vocabulary Terms

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by

Olya Keys

on 20 February 2016

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Transcript of Romeo and Juliet Vocabulary Terms

Romeo and Juliet (definitions & examples)
A long speech by one character in a play presented in front of other characters
Monologue
A figure of speech in which a word or phrase that ordinarily designates one thing is used to designate another, thus making an implicit comparison, as in "a sea of troubles" or "All the world's a stage" (Shakespeare).
Metaphor
a combination of contradictory terms
Oxymoron
an unusually long speech in which a character who is on stage alone expresses his or her thoughts aloud

Soliloquy
Example from text
An advance sign or warning of what is to come in the future.
Foreshadowing
Dramatic Irony
Static Character
the audience or reader knows something important that a character in a play or story does not know

character who does not change much in the course of a story
character who changes as a result of the story’s events
Dynamic Character
Stage Directions
an instruction in the text of a play, esp. one indicating the movement, position, or tone of an actor, or the sound effects and lighting.
a short introduction at the beginning of a play that gives a brief overview of the plot

a play, novel, or other narrative that depicts serious and important events in which the main character comes to an unhappy end

Tragedy
character who is used as a contrast to another character; the writer sets
off/intensifies the qualities of two characters this way

Foil
a play on the multiple meanings of a word, or on two words that sound
alike but have different meanings
A pun can:
- Make you laugh
- Make you think
- Increase clarity when we’re trying to
discern the meaning of a text
- Introduce ambiguity
Pun
Prose
direct, unadorned form of language, written or spoken, in ordinary use
The use of irony, sarcasm, ridicule, or humor that shows the weaknesses or bad qualities of a person, government, society, etc.
Satire
References
Freedictionary.com

Google Images

Nofearshakespeare.com
Created by: Olya Keys
Prologue
Aside
Lines spoken to the audience
and not heard by other performers.
Tragic Hero
a great or virtuous character in a dramatic tragedy who is destined for downfall, suffering, or defeat
Couplet
two consecutive lines of poetry that rhyme; couplets often signal the EXIT of a character or end of a scene

Plot Line
Dialogue essential to the development of a plot in a drama
Iambic Pentameter
the name given to a line of verse that consists of five iambs (an iamb being one unstressed syllable followed by one stressed, such as "before").
Paradox
a statement that seems to say two opposite things but may be true, for example, “less is more.”

Example: In Act 1, Scene 5,
“My only love sprung from my only hate.”
Parody
A humorous or satirical imitation of a serious piece of literature of writing.
In Act 1 Scene 1 the prince warns that trouble may occur, which is an example of foreshadowing by predicting what will happen later in the story, in this line ""your lives shall pay the forfeit of the peace"". In Act 1 Scene 4, they are making their way to the party as they are rushed by Benvolio, however Romeo knows that something may happen at the party with this line ""I fear too early. For my mind misgives some consequence, yet hanging in the stars shall bitterly begin this night's fearful date with this night's revels and expired this term a dispised life."""
In act 2 when Romeo goes to visit Juliet at night and he’s listening to her talking on her balcony…
Example: My only love, sprung from my only hate! Too early seen unknown, and known too late! (Act 1 scene 5)
(Act I scene IV)
Romeo: Not I, believe me. You have dancing shoes
With nimble soles. I have a soul of lead So stakes me to the ground I cannot move.

- Exposition (Romeo is in love)
- Rising action and exciting force (Romeo attends Capulet ball)
- Climax (deaths of Mercutio and Tybalt and the banishment of Romeo)
- Falling action (Juliet takes potion)
- Resolution (Families make amends)

Ex. Rosaline is a foil for Juliet. Romeo is already in love with Rosaline at the beginning of the play. Romeo's relationship to Juliet is contrasted from his love for Rosaline.
Ex. Romeo: “My lips, two blushing pilgrims, ready stand to smooth that rough touch with a tender kiss.” Act 1 Scene 5
Ex. The Nurse
- The nurse is on Juiliet's side
and changes her views once
Tybalt dies.
Ex. Benvolio is a static character because he doesn't change. He stays loyal throughout the play.
Ex. Romeo in Act 2 Scene 2
(aside) Shall I hear more, or shall I speak at this?
Ex.

Act I Scene 1 Line15
[Enter SAMPSON and GREGORY, of the house of Capulet, armed with swords and bucklers]
Ex. Act 1 Scene 1
SAMPSON
Nay, as they dare. I will bite my thumb at them, which is a disgrace to them, if they bear it. (bites his thumb)
Ex. Shakespeare Sonnet 1
From fairest creatures we desire increase,
That thereby beauty’s rose might never die,
But as the riper should by time decease
His tender heir might bear his memory.
But thou, contracted to thine own bright eyes,
Feed’st thy light’s flame with self-substantial fuel,
Making a famine where abundance lies,
Thyself thy foe, to thy sweet self too cruel.
Thou that art now the world’s fresh ornament
And only herald to the gaudy spring,
Within thine own bud buriest thy content,
And, tender churl, mak’st waste in niggarding.
  Pity the world, or else this glutton be,
  To eat the world’s due, by the grave and thee.
Sonnet
When Romeo and Juliet meet they speak just fourteen lines before their first kiss. These fourteen lines make up a shared sonnet, with a rhyme scheme of ababcdcdefefgg. A sonnet is a perfect, idealized poetic form often used to write about love.
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