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Instrument Families

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by

Erin Mazzocca

on 28 April 2015

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Transcript of Instrument Families

Instrument Families
WOODWINDS
BRASS
Strings
Results
Core
FOUR FAMILIES OF INSTRUMENTS
BRASS
WOODWINDS
STRINGS
PERCUSSION
HOW DO YOU MAKE SOUND WITH A WOODWIND?
HOW DO THEY MAKE SOUND?
BE A SLEUTH!
Look For Clues to Find the Right Family.
1. How does it make sound?
2. What is the shape/what are the parts?
3.Can it make pitch?
4. How does it make pitch?
MAKING SOUND:
Buzzing lips and blowing air through a mouthpiece
See How It Works
http://method-behind-the-music.com/mechanics/brass
PARTS OF THE BRASS
1.MOUTHPIECE
2.MAIN TUBE
3.VAVLE/ SLIDE
4.BELL
http://method-behind-the-music.com/mechanics/brass
INSTRUMENTS OF THE ORCHESTRA
http://www.artsalive.ca/en/mus/instrumentlab/
CAN YOU SPOT THE BRASS?
2 WAYS:
1. AIR PASSES A BLOWHOLE
3. A REED VIBRATES ON MOUTHPIECE
FLUTE
PARTS
Head joint (Lip Plate)
Middle joint (Body)
Foot joint
RECORDER/WHISTLE
Head joint (mouthpiece)
Body joint
Foot joint
http://method-behind-the-music.com/mechanics/woodwinds
HOW DO YOU CHANGE PITCH?
PARTS
REED INSTRUMENT
HOW DO YOU MAKE SOUND?
REED VIBRATES AGAINST A MOUTHPIECE
http://method-behind-the-music.com/mechanics/woodwinds
REED INSTRUMENTS
CLARINET
OBOE
BASSOON
http://www.sfskids.org/templates/instorchframe.asp?pageid=3
WOODWINDS IN THE ORCHESTRA
THE BIG
PICTURE
SO MANY PARTS! WHAT REALLY MAKES WOODWINDS DIFFERENT?
HOW THEY MAKE SOUND!!!!!!!
How do string instruments make sound?
Vibrating a string!
Violin
PARTS
Strings
Fingerboard
Pegs
Tuners
Chin Rest
Viola
VIOLIN MAKES THE HIGHEST SOUND OF
THE STRING INSTRUMENTS
VIOLA MAKES THE SECOND HIGHEST SOUND IN THE STRINGS FAMILY
VIOLA MAKES A LOWER SOUND THAN THE VIOLIN
Cello
lower sound than the viola
shaped like a violin, but
much larger and played
between knees
DOUBLE BASS
-Largest and the lowest of string
instruments!
-SO large player must stand or sit on
tall stool to play!
http://www.sfskids.org/templates/instorchframe.asp?pageid=3
INSTRUMENT CHALLENGE
WELCOME TO THE MARSHAL COUNTY
ORCHESTRA!
THE MARSHALL COUNTY ORCHESTRA IS EXCITED TO HAVE YOU JOIN THEIR BRASS SECTION! IT IS TIME TO FIND YOUR INSTRUMENT AND WARM UP.....
...BUT WAIT! There's a problem....
OH NO! THE INSTRUMENTS
NEVER MADE IT TO THE
PRACTICE! YOU MUST HAVE YOUR INSTRUMENT!
HERE IS YOUR CHALLENGE.......

YOU WILL BE SPLIT INTO TEAMS. EACH TEAM MUST CREATE THEIR OWN BRASS INSTRUMENT TO PRESENT TO THE ORCHESTRA. HERE'S HOW TO DO IT:
1. EACH TEAM WILL RECEIVE A BAG OF MATERIALS.
2.TAKE ALL THE MATERIALS OUT OF THE BAG AND OBSERVE AL OF THE MATERIALS. YOU MAY USE SOME OR ALL OF THESE MATERIALS TO MAKE YOU INSTRUMENTS
3. YOU MUST HAVE 3 OF THE 4 PARTS OF A BRASS NSTRUMENT IDENTIFIED IN YOUR TEAM'S INSTRUMENT
4. YOU WILL HAVE UP TO 10 MINUTES TO CREATE YOUR INSTRUMENT.
5. EARUPWILL PRESENT THEIR INSTRUMENT TO THE CLASS
PERCUSSION
HIT IT! SHAKE IT! SCRAPE IT!
http://www.sfskids.org/discover/?s=637CL6rgxr0000t
Full transcript