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Confucianism

A short guide to Confucianism
by

David De Sa

on 21 January 2014

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Transcript of Confucianism

Confucianism
Origins
Confucianism began in the 5th century BCE.
The founder was Kong Qiu, also known as Confucius.
It was an attempt to revive the ancient Chinese traditions and to make society more dignified and successful.
Countries Which Practice Confucianism
China
Korea
Japan
Vietnam
Role of Women
In the beginning woman were treated equally.
The stress of male authority and patriarchy led to men above women.
Long term effect is the idea of having a son over a daughter (still exist to today).
Purpose
To have a successfully running society.
This is achieved through Humanism.
One must follow the 5 Constants:
Ren (Humaneness)
Yi (Justice)
Li (Etiquette)
Zhi (Knowledge)
Xin (Integrity)
What is Confucianism?
Confucianism is a way of life taught by Confucius.
Not very many followers modern day.
Has had a huge cultural impact on Chinese society.
Debate over wether it is a religion or way of life.
Existence of God is not addressed.
Terms
Who is Confucius?
Similarities With Other Religions
Rituals and Worship
Symbols in Confucianism
Chih (zhih) - wisdom, moral understanding or judgement
Chün-tzu - superior man, gentleman, noble, scholar
Emulation - Modeling oneself after moral exemplars.
Hsiao - familial love, filial piety, kindness, respect, and loyalty among family members.
Jen/Ren - humanity, humaneness, benevolence, compassion, love for fellow beings.
Self-cultivation - The process of always improving yourself and trying to make yourself better, this is essential to confucianism.
His name is Kong Qiu.
Confucius is his title.
Born around 552 BCE in the small state of Lu and died on 479 BCE.
He was a thinker, educator, and politician.
He wrote 5 books.
No such thing as a Confucian Church
The most sacred private space for Confucians is their own house.
Ancestor Worship
Confucian Temples show paintings of him and his birthday is commemorated there, however mostly used as libraries.
The most powerful example of worship and devotion for Confucians is the discussion of the ancient manual known as the Yijing (Classic of Change), or it can be used as a meditative aid
Confucianism is all about proper etiquette and social behaviour, so some view everyday practices as ritual
There aren't symbols in Confucianism that represent it such as how the cross represents the Christian Church.

Here you see Confucius meditating, which is intended to help others focus.
Although more widely recognized as a Taoist symbol, Confucians interpret this symbol as how the body’s energy becomes refined in accordance to the pattern of conduct.
The Gentleman
The "Gentleman" is what all Confucians strive to be. A gentleman is one who is skilled in the 6 Arts, has proper etiquette, is honourable, and sets a good example for others to follow.
The 6 Arts
Proper Etiquette
Archery
Musical Skill
Capable Of Riding A Horse
Literacy
Math Skill
Confucianism is older than most popular religions including Islam and Christianity.
It Has very little followers compared to popular faiths. With about 5 Million compared to Christianity 2 Billion and Islams 1.3 Billion.
While other faiths are focused on the spiritual side of oneself, Confucianism is all about our physical world.
VS.
VS.
Work Cited
http://www.patheos.com/Library/Confucianism.html
http://www.religionfacts.com/big_religion_chart.htm
http://www.princeton.edu/~achaney/tmve/wiki100k/docsConfucianism.html
http://www.womeninworldhistory.com/lesson3plus.html
http://www.ibiblio.org/jainism/EmailBulletins/Confucianism
http://www.webpages.uidaho.edu/jcanders/ethics/glossary_of_terms_for_confuciani.htm
http://ctext.org/analects/yong-ye/zh?en=on
http://ctext.org/analects/yan-yuan/zh?en=on



These are the skills a gentleman must have
Full transcript