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9B The 12 Disciples

The Life and Times of Jesus
by

April Williams

on 17 June 2014

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Transcript of 9B The 12 Disciples

12 Disciples
Who Were the 12?
Significance For Us
12 disciples represent the 12 tribes of Israel
12 disciples are symbolic of reuniting 12 tribes of Israel

12 is the model for our year (fullness)

12 disciples sit on 12 thrones judging 12 tribes
(Matt. 19:27-28)
Significance of 12
Jesus Mission
Disciples role was to call people into the freedom that Christ brings

Disciples represent the 'new people'
the restored people and restored relationships with God

Disciples commission parallels Abraham's commission
spread God's word to the nations
Why The Disciples Were Called
Jesus does not require the best of the best in order to be His disciple

Criteria Jesus Didn't Use
social status, political views, character, personalities, aptitudes and abilities, spiritual maturity
Criteria Jesus Did Use
teachable, belief in Jesus and his message, personal love and devotion
Andrew --> Fisherman
Simon Peter --> Fisherman
James son of Zebedee --> Fisherman
John son of Zebedee --> Fisherman
Matthew --> Tax Collector
Simon --> A Zealot
Judas Iscariot
Philip
Bartholomew
Thomas
James son of Alphaeus
Thaddaeus
Was not about
replacing but

restoring
Came to rescue and renew the people of God, not to replace them with something new

Jesus wanted to create a 'new people' with the 'old people'
Significance For Us
Jesus chose his disciples because HE had faith in THEM
Jesus chose those 12 disciples because His message is for everyone
Andrew
Andrew introduced others to Jesus.
He was the first disciple.
Andrew was the brother of Peter and introduces Peter to Jesus. (Matt 4:18-22)
He lived in Bethsaida and Capernaum and was a fisherman before Jesus called him. Andrew was crucified on an X
By trade, Peter was a fisherman and brother of Andrew
He was a married man (1Corinthians 9:5) and his home was Capernaum.
Jesus changed his name from Simon to Peter
Peter means the Rock (on which Christ built his Church)
Denied Jesus three times
Peter was crucified upside down
Peter
James, the elder
Brother of John
He was a man of courage and forgiveness-a man without jealousy, living in the shadow of John, a man of extraordinary faith.
He was the first of the twelve to become a martyr.
James was beheaded.
He was known as the Beloved Disciple.
A fisherman who lived in Bethsaida, Capernaum. Brother of James the Elder
He wrote the Gospel of John, I John, II John, III John and Revelation.
Only disciple not to leave Jesus at the cross.
Took care of Mary
He preached among the churches of Asia Minor.
John was the only one to die a natural death.
John
MATTHEW
Matthew was unlike the other Apostles
It is clearly impossible to estimate the debt that Christianity owes to this despised tax collector. The average man would have thought it impossible to reform Matthew, but to God all things are possible.
Was martyred in Ethiopia
Simon, the Zealot, the man who once would have killed in loyalty to Israel, became the man who saw that Gods will has no forced service. Tradition says he died as a martyr.
Simon
JUDAS
Judas Iscariot, the traitor.
He betrayed Jesus for thirty pieces of silver and hanged himself out of guilt.

The Gospel of John shows Philip as one of the first of many to whom Jesus addressed the words, "Follow Me."
Former disciple of John the Baptist

When Philip met Christ, he immediately found Batholomew and told him that "we have found him, of whom Moses … and the prophets, did write." Bartholomew was skeptical. But Philip did not argue with him; he simply answered, "Come and see."

He was one who would very much like to do something for others, but who did not see how it could be done. Yet, this simple Galilean gave all he had. In return God used him.
It is said that he died by hanging.
Philip
BARTHOLOMEW
Bartholomew, preached to the Indians. He was also know as Nathanial and was a decedent of royal blood.
Testament gives us very little information about him. Tradition indicates he was a great searcher of the Scripture and a scholar in the law and the prophets. He was one of the Church's most adventurous missionaries.
Martyred
THOMAS
Thomas became certain by doubting.
By nature, he was a pessimist. Yet, he was a man of courage. He was a man who could not believe until he had seen.
When Jesus rose, he came back and invited Thomas to put his finger in the nail prints in his hands and in his side. Here, we see Thomas making the greatest confession of faith,
"My Lord and my God." Thomas' doubts were transformed into faith.
The good news to him was always too good to be true. By this very fact Thomas' faith became great, intense and convincing. Martyred
JAMES, THE LESSER
Preached in Palestine and Egypt and was crucified in Egypt. James was one of the little-known disciples. Some scholars believe he was the brother of Matthew, the tax collector. James was a man of strong character and one of the most fiery type. Tradition tells us that he also died as a martyr and his body was sawed in pieces.
He It is said that Jude preached in Assyria and Persia and died a martyr in Persia. Possibly a cousin of Jesus.
He was killed with arrows.
Thaddaeus/ Jude
Can you name them all?
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