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IBGM - Austria

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Ying Chi Natalie PAU

on 26 October 2014

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Transcript of IBGM - Austria

Judicial System
- Constitutional Monarchy
- Head of State: Emperor

- Fail attempt at republican governance  -> Dictatorship

- Democratic Republic
- Head of State: Federal President
-Head of Gov.: Federal Chancellor

- Avoid Dictatorship
- Term limited to 12 years maximum

Political System - Past VS. Present
- Predominantly Monarchy

- Elected by Universal Male Suffrage

- Monarchy-dominated

- National Council + Federal Council
- NC: Elected by Proportional Representation
- FC: Elected by State Legislatures

- NC > FC

Conservatists Vs. Socialists

Conservatists: Austrian People’s Party
Liberalists: Social Democartic Party of Austria

(Major) Political Parties
Political-legal Environment
Linna Ho
Thomas Horcel
Jeff Pang
Natalie Pau
Angel Yip
Jane Yip*

BUSI 1805
Group 5

Role of Local Government
9 Provinces – Vienna
-Enjoys residual power
-Acts as executors of federal authority
- Central Government assigns
Judicial Authority

How can this Favor Hong Kong?
Province System Administration

Similar local administration style

More efficient business operation
-Land Renting
-Local Recruitment

Policies about:
Sustainability + Natural Resources + Environment
Kyoto Protocol
Deals with…
Climate protection
Greenhouse gas concentration
Disruptions to climate system

Austria’s Participation
Committed to reduce greenhouse emissions by 13%

Green Diplomacy Network
Austria’s Participation
- Sustainable energy
- Protection of water bodies
- Sustainable tourism

Promote the integration of environmental issues in external relations

Relationship with its neighbors
Formation of Alliance
Neutrality - > Unable to join European Community
Joined with UK, Denmark, Norway, Portugal, Switzerland and Sweden
European Free Trade Association (EFTA)
Joined EU under influence of Germany → Largest Trading Partner

Diplomatic Relationship
-Generally good
-Neighbors with many countries
due to its open borders

- Both adopt neutrality
- Historic Neighbors (Good old friends)
- “Excellent and especially harmonic, with practically no conflict”

Historic Incidents:
Austria’s loyalty towards Hungary amid Cold War
Accept Hungarian refugees

- Both speak German
- Peaceful relationship (despite a few minor conflicts)
- Heavily under influence of Germany
- Loyal supporter of Germany
“Austria believes that by siding with Germany it can better voice its own interests and dilute German domination”

How can this Favor Hong Kong?
- Make use of Austria’s alliance with Germany ↓
Largest economy in the EU
Gaining leadership

- Huge business and investment opportunity

- Develop such tie with EU leading economy
Help HK regain status in global business market

Major Trading Partners
Mainly neighboring nations

1st Germany (29.8%)
2nd Italy (6.2%)
3rd Switzerland (4.9%)
Relationship with EU
Regional and Global Political Influences
Thank you !
- Member of EFTA n 1960
- Applied for membership in 1989
- Start negotiation in 1993
(succeeded in 1995)
- marked the integration effort of Austria towards European Communities

- 66.58% population supported the accession to the EU

After opening doors to labor markets in EU,
- Labor from new EU countries move to Britain
- Insufficient labor in specific industries
- Difficulties in attracting high-level workers
- Influx of cheap labor diluting the high-level worker market
-> Only about 1 out of 8 immigrant labor has received tertiary education

- Austria divided into nine states
Districts further divided into districts and statutory cities
Districts have legislative authority
- Districts are having influential power in the country
More important question: Is it appropriate for a small country to maintain ten parliaments?

- Austria as part of EU
Suffered in the financial crisis
Yet powerless to change -> Country too small

- Recognized their role
Unable to make huge influence in the world
Decided to maintain peaceful relationship with neighboring and strong countries
Support strong countries (Germany) to seek alliance

Austria: Relationship with China/Hong Kong
With China (Optimistic, Peaceful)
-Due to rise of China, Austria
-Develops strong bilateral tie
Is willing to intensify cooperation

-Frequent high-level exchanges like forums, celebration
-Documents signed (Agreement on Sci-tech cooperation)
-Deepen economic cooperation at industries of Austria’s advantage
New energy, environmental protection and ecology

With Hong Kong
-Austrian Chamber of Commerce and Association
Founded by 60 Austrian companies in HK

“A hub in the south-east Asian region and its perspectives for the Austrian economy”
Austria’s devotion in collaborating with HK to open up SE Asia market
Collaboration: How can this Favor Hong Kong?
From HK to Austria:
Advantage in investing in Austria (Documents signed between China & Austria)

From Austria to HK:
Further attract Austrian investment and re-export due to HK’s reputation

Mutual: Cooperation in “New Industries”
Make use of Austria’s strength in Green industry
Green industry gaining importance: To HK – A chance to become the pioneer

Politics of Austria from Wikipedia, retrieved on 20th September, 2013, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Politics_of_Austria

Austria: Maps, History, Geography, Government, Culture, Facts, Guide & Travel/Holidays/Cities from Infoplease, retrieved on 21st September, from http://www.infoplease.com/country/austria.html

History of Austria from Wikipedia, retrieved on 20th September, 2013, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Austria

History of Austria, Vienna, Austria, retrieved on 21th September, 2013, from http://www.deutschakademie.com/learn-german-courses/Vienna-arrival-history.htm

Albert Birkner and Stefan Gurmann (2008) ,Doing business in Austria, retrieved on 24th September 2013, from http://www.chsh.com/fileadmin/docs/publications/Birkner/Doing_business_in_Austria_AB_SG.pdf

The Austrian Judicial System, retrieved on 30th September, 2013, from

Biggs, S. (2010). UN’s Talk in China on Climate Change show Little Progress, Bolivia Says. Retrieved on September 22, 2013, from http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2010-10-06/china-climate-change-talks-show-little-progress-bolivia-delegate-says.html
Federal Ministry for European and International Affairs. (2013). International Environment Policy. Retrieved September 9, 2013, from http://www.bmeia.gv.at/en/foreign-ministry/foreign-policy/international-environmental-policy.html

Federal Ministry for European and International Affairs. (n.d.). Sustainable Development and Environment. Retrieved September 19, 2013, from http://www.bmeia.gv.at/en/austrian-mission/austrian-mission-new-york/austria-in-the-united-nations/priorities-in-the-ga/sustainable-development-and-environment.html
Feichtinger, J., Pregernig, M. (2005, July 1). Participation and/or/versus sustainability? Tensions between procedural and substantive goals in Two Local Agenda 21 processes in Sweden and Austria. European Environment: The Journal of European Environmental Policy (Wiley). Vol. 15 Issue 4, 212-227. Retrieved from http://www.interscience.wiley.com

The Austrian Foreign Ministry, retrieved on 22nd September, 2013, from

Liu Guang (2011) English.news.cn 2011-04-26,retrieved from

FACTBOX-Key political risks to watch in Austria, retrieved on 22nd September, 2013, from

Chinese Embassy in Austria marks 40th anniversary of diplomatic ties between two countries, retrieved on 22nd September, 2013, from

China-Austria Relations, retrieved on 22nd September, 2013, from

Bilateral relations between Austria and Hong Kong, retrieved from 22nd September, 2013, from http://www.bmeia.gv.at/en/embassy/hong-kong/bilateral-relations/austria-hong-kong-sar.html

Adair, B. (2001). Loyalty Amidst Treachery: Austrian-Hungarian Relations, 1955-1956.
Retrieved from Wilson Center website: http://www.wilsoncenter.org/publication/239-

Australian Government Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade. (2013, September). Austria

Country Brief. Retrieved from Australian Government website: http://www.dfat.gov.au/geo/austria/austria_country_brief.html

Gärtner, H. (1998). Austria's Relations with Germany: Between Balancing and Bandwagoning. Retrieved from JSTOR website: http://www.jstor.org.eproxy1.lib.hku.hk/stable/

Slovak Republic. (n.d.). Slovakia's Relations with Neighbouring Countries. Retrieved from Slovak Republic website: http://www.slovak-republic.org/neighbours/

U.S. Library of Congress. (n.d.). Austria Foreign Relations. Retrieved from Country Studies website: http://countrystudies.us/austria/128.htm

Change of the legal system over time
-Comprised of the National Council and the Federal Council.
-Assigned by the Federal Constitution Act exclusively under federal responsibilities
-Separate from the administrative system on all levels
-Ruled by the Emperor from the 14th century to the 20th century (One-man rule)
-No specific constitutions established to protect basic human rights
Analysis: There has been a great change and a large-scale revolution in the organization of the judicial system of Austria. The Austrian government has established a sound legal system to attract foreign investments.

Code, common
Austrian Civil Code
-regulates the general provisions of the civil law
Act on the Employment of Foreign Workers
-regulates the employment of foreign employees in Austria
Labour constitutional law
-regulates working conditions, works council and collective bargaining
Analysis: Foreign investors have to pay particular attention to the above codes and laws when considering to establish new businesses in Austria.

Patents and trademarks
-Filled with the Austrian Patent Office
-Length of protection: 20 years (max.)
-Protected by the Austrian Patent Office
-Length of protection: A renewable period of 10 years from the day of registration
Analysis: Intellectual property is well protected by the Austrian government, which is conducive to creating a sustainable and ideal business environment.
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