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IBGM - Austria

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Ying Chi Natalie PAU

on 26 October 2014

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Transcript of IBGM - Austria

Austria
Judicial System
Executive
Past
- Constitutional Monarchy
- Head of State: Emperor


- Fail attempt at republican governance  -> Dictatorship

Present
- Democratic Republic
- Head of State: Federal President
-Head of Gov.: Federal Chancellor

- Avoid Dictatorship
- Term limited to 12 years maximum

Political System - Past VS. Present
Legislative
Past
- Predominantly Monarchy

- Elected by Universal Male Suffrage

- Monarchy-dominated

Present
- National Council + Federal Council
- NC: Elected by Proportional Representation
- FC: Elected by State Legislatures

- NC > FC

Present
Conservatists Vs. Socialists

Conservatists: Austrian People’s Party
Liberalists: Social Democartic Party of Austria

(Major) Political Parties
Political-legal Environment
Linna Ho
Thomas Horcel
Jeff Pang
Natalie Pau
Angel Yip
Jane Yip*

BUSI 1805
Group 5

Role of Local Government
9 Provinces – Vienna
-Enjoys residual power
-Acts as executors of federal authority
- Central Government assigns
Administrative
Legislative
Judicial Authority

How can this Favor Hong Kong?
Province System Administration

Similar local administration style

More efficient business operation
-Registration
-Land Renting
-Local Recruitment

Policies about:
Sustainability + Natural Resources + Environment
Kyoto Protocol
Deals with…
Climate protection
Greenhouse gas concentration
Disruptions to climate system

Austria’s Participation
Committed to reduce greenhouse emissions by 13%

Green Diplomacy Network
Austria’s Participation
- Sustainable energy
- Protection of water bodies
- Sustainable tourism

Promote the integration of environmental issues in external relations


Relationship with its neighbors
Formation of Alliance
Neutrality - > Unable to join European Community
Instead,
Joined with UK, Denmark, Norway, Portugal, Switzerland and Sweden
European Free Trade Association (EFTA)
Later,
Joined EU under influence of Germany → Largest Trading Partner

Diplomatic Relationship
-Generally good
-Neighbors with many countries
due to its open borders

Austria-Hungary
- Both adopt neutrality
- Historic Neighbors (Good old friends)
- “Excellent and especially harmonic, with practically no conflict”

Historic Incidents:
Austria’s loyalty towards Hungary amid Cold War
Accept Hungarian refugees

Austria-Germany
- Both speak German
- Peaceful relationship (despite a few minor conflicts)
- Heavily under influence of Germany
- Loyal supporter of Germany
“Austria believes that by siding with Germany it can better voice its own interests and dilute German domination”

Austria-Germany:
How can this Favor Hong Kong?
- Make use of Austria’s alliance with Germany ↓
Germany:
Largest economy in the EU
Gaining leadership

- Huge business and investment opportunity

- Develop such tie with EU leading economy
Help HK regain status in global business market

Major Trading Partners
Mainly neighboring nations

1st Germany (29.8%)
2nd Italy (6.2%)
3rd Switzerland (4.9%)
Relationship with EU
Austria:
Regional and Global Political Influences
Thank you !
Relationship
- Member of EFTA n 1960
- Applied for membership in 1989
- Start negotiation in 1993
(succeeded in 1995)
- marked the integration effort of Austria towards European Communities

- 66.58% population supported the accession to the EU






Challenges
After opening doors to labor markets in EU,
- Labor from new EU countries move to Britain
- Insufficient labor in specific industries
- Difficulties in attracting high-level workers
- Influx of cheap labor diluting the high-level worker market
-> Only about 1 out of 8 immigrant labor has received tertiary education

Local
- Austria divided into nine states
Districts further divided into districts and statutory cities
Districts have legislative authority
- Districts are having influential power in the country
More important question: Is it appropriate for a small country to maintain ten parliaments?

Global
- Austria as part of EU
Suffered in the financial crisis
Yet powerless to change -> Country too small

- Recognized their role
Unable to make huge influence in the world
Decided to maintain peaceful relationship with neighboring and strong countries
Support strong countries (Germany) to seek alliance

Austria: Relationship with China/Hong Kong
With China (Optimistic, Peaceful)
-Due to rise of China, Austria
-Develops strong bilateral tie
Is willing to intensify cooperation

E.g.
-Frequent high-level exchanges like forums, celebration
-Documents signed (Agreement on Sci-tech cooperation)
-Deepen economic cooperation at industries of Austria’s advantage
New energy, environmental protection and ecology

With Hong Kong
-Austrian Chamber of Commerce and Association
Founded by 60 Austrian companies in HK

“A hub in the south-east Asian region and its perspectives for the Austrian economy”
Austria’s devotion in collaborating with HK to open up SE Asia market
Collaboration: How can this Favor Hong Kong?
From HK to Austria:
Advantage in investing in Austria (Documents signed between China & Austria)

From Austria to HK:
Further attract Austrian investment and re-export due to HK’s reputation

Mutual: Cooperation in “New Industries”
Make use of Austria’s strength in Green industry
Green industry gaining importance: To HK – A chance to become the pioneer

Politics of Austria from Wikipedia, retrieved on 20th September, 2013, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Politics_of_Austria

Austria: Maps, History, Geography, Government, Culture, Facts, Guide & Travel/Holidays/Cities from Infoplease, retrieved on 21st September, from http://www.infoplease.com/country/austria.html

History of Austria from Wikipedia, retrieved on 20th September, 2013, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Austria

History of Austria, Vienna, Austria, retrieved on 21th September, 2013, from http://www.deutschakademie.com/learn-german-courses/Vienna-arrival-history.htm

Albert Birkner and Stefan Gurmann (2008) ,Doing business in Austria, retrieved on 24th September 2013, from http://www.chsh.com/fileadmin/docs/publications/Birkner/Doing_business_in_Austria_AB_SG.pdf

The Austrian Judicial System, retrieved on 30th September, 2013, from
www.justiz.gv.at/web2013/file/.../die_justiz_eng_05.09.pdf

Biggs, S. (2010). UN’s Talk in China on Climate Change show Little Progress, Bolivia Says. Retrieved on September 22, 2013, from http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2010-10-06/china-climate-change-talks-show-little-progress-bolivia-delegate-says.html
Federal Ministry for European and International Affairs. (2013). International Environment Policy. Retrieved September 9, 2013, from http://www.bmeia.gv.at/en/foreign-ministry/foreign-policy/international-environmental-policy.html

Federal Ministry for European and International Affairs. (n.d.). Sustainable Development and Environment. Retrieved September 19, 2013, from http://www.bmeia.gv.at/en/austrian-mission/austrian-mission-new-york/austria-in-the-united-nations/priorities-in-the-ga/sustainable-development-and-environment.html
Feichtinger, J., Pregernig, M. (2005, July 1). Participation and/or/versus sustainability? Tensions between procedural and substantive goals in Two Local Agenda 21 processes in Sweden and Austria. European Environment: The Journal of European Environmental Policy (Wiley). Vol. 15 Issue 4, 212-227. Retrieved from http://www.interscience.wiley.com

The Austrian Foreign Ministry, retrieved on 22nd September, 2013, from
http://www.bmeia.gv.at/en/foreign-ministry/foreign-policy/europe/european-union/austria-in-the-eu.html

Liu Guang (2011) English.news.cn 2011-04-26,retrieved from
http://news.xinhuanet.com/english2010/business/2011-04/26/c_13847162.htm

FACTBOX-Key political risks to watch in Austria, retrieved on 22nd September, 2013, from
http://www.reuters.com/article/2011/04/04/austria-risks-idUSRISKAT20110404

Chinese Embassy in Austria marks 40th anniversary of diplomatic ties between two countries, retrieved on 22nd September, 2013, from
http://www.globaltimes.cn/NEWS/tabid/99/ID/650334/Chinese-Embassy-in-Austria-marks-40th-anniversary-of-diplomatic-ties-between-two-countries.aspx

China-Austria Relations, retrieved on 22nd September, 2013, from
http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2009-05/12/content_11359082.htm

Bilateral relations between Austria and Hong Kong, retrieved from 22nd September, 2013, from http://www.bmeia.gv.at/en/embassy/hong-kong/bilateral-relations/austria-hong-kong-sar.html

Adair, B. (2001). Loyalty Amidst Treachery: Austrian-Hungarian Relations, 1955-1956.
Retrieved from Wilson Center website: http://www.wilsoncenter.org/publication/239-

loyalty-amidst-treachery-austrian-hungarian-relations-1955-1956
Australian Government Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade. (2013, September). Austria

Country Brief. Retrieved from Australian Government website: http://www.dfat.gov.au/geo/austria/austria_country_brief.html

Gärtner, H. (1998). Austria's Relations with Germany: Between Balancing and Bandwagoning. Retrieved from JSTOR website: http://www.jstor.org.eproxy1.lib.hku.hk/stable/
30001875

Slovak Republic. (n.d.). Slovakia's Relations with Neighbouring Countries. Retrieved from Slovak Republic website: http://www.slovak-republic.org/neighbours/

U.S. Library of Congress. (n.d.). Austria Foreign Relations. Retrieved from Country Studies website: http://countrystudies.us/austria/128.htm

Acknowledgment
Change of the legal system over time
-Comprised of the National Council and the Federal Council.
-Assigned by the Federal Constitution Act exclusively under federal responsibilities
-Separate from the administrative system on all levels
Past:
-Ruled by the Emperor from the 14th century to the 20th century (One-man rule)
-No specific constitutions established to protect basic human rights
Analysis: There has been a great change and a large-scale revolution in the organization of the judicial system of Austria. The Austrian government has established a sound legal system to attract foreign investments.


Code, common
Austrian Civil Code
-regulates the general provisions of the civil law
Act on the Employment of Foreign Workers
-regulates the employment of foreign employees in Austria
Labour constitutional law
-regulates working conditions, works council and collective bargaining
Analysis: Foreign investors have to pay particular attention to the above codes and laws when considering to establish new businesses in Austria.


Patents and trademarks
Patents
-Filled with the Austrian Patent Office
-Length of protection: 20 years (max.)
Trademarks
-Protected by the Austrian Patent Office
-Length of protection: A renewable period of 10 years from the day of registration
Analysis: Intellectual property is well protected by the Austrian government, which is conducive to creating a sustainable and ideal business environment.
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