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The Constitution Handbook

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Jordan Hardee

on 29 August 2015

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Transcript of The Constitution Handbook

The Constitution Handbook
Legislative Branch
Major Principles
7 major principles of government -
popular sovereignty
republicanism
limited govt
federalism
separation of powers
checks and balances
individual rights
"We the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America."
Popular Sovereignty
- principle that the authority of the govt is created/ sustained by the consent of the people, through their elected representatives
People
are the source of political power
Republicanism
- form of govt where the head of state is a representative of the people who hold popular sovereignty
Limited Govt
- restricted govt authority to specific powers granted by the people
Federalism
- power is divided between the federal (national) govt and the state govt.
3 types of powers:
enumerated powers
- federal govt powers
reserved powers
- state powers
concurrent powers
- shared powers
Separation of Powers
- federal govt divided into 3 branches:
legislative
- makes the laws; Congress
executive
- enforces the laws; President
judicial
- interprets the laws; Supreme Court
Checks and Balances
- overrides in govt branches

Individual Rights
- first 10 Amendments of the Constitution are the
Bill of Rights
(1789); protect and ensure rights of American citizens
17 amendments after the Bill of Rights expand/ adjust the rights of Americans
(2) The Senate
Bicameral Congress comprised of -
(1) The House of Representatives
Congress must

appropriate
(set aside) funds for govt spending
monitors abuses of power in executive branch
impeach
- bring formal charges against
Congress is responsible for representing their
constituents
, people of their home state/ district, in the govt.
Bills
- proposed laws
Committees for evaluating proposed legislation:
standing committees
- permanent; specialize in particular topic
select committees
- temporary; bills requiring immediate attention
joint committees
- combine members of both House/ Senate;
conference committee
- works out compromises in diff. versions of same bill
CAPITOL HILL
How a Bill becomes a Law
The Executive Branch
Includes the President, V.P., cabinet, other executive offices
The President's Roles
Chief Executive, Chief Diplomat
Commander-in-Chief
Chief of State
Legislative Leader
The Presidents
Cabinet
- group of advisers to the president
includes the V.P. and the heads of 15 executive departments
The Judicial Branch
The Supreme Court
Supreme Court Independence
Supreme Court Justices
appointed
for life by the President, appointment confirmed by the Senate
system of courts that interpret and applies the laws
comprised of the
District Courts
Appellate Courts
Supreme Court
Judicial Review
- power of the Supreme Court to determine whether laws are constitutional and to strike down those that are not.
Brown vs. the Board of Education
(1954)
ruled "separate but equal" unconstitutional citing the 14th Amendment as evidence of claim.
Amendment XIV - "No state shall make or enforce any law that shall abridge the privileges of citizens of the United States. Nor shall any state... deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.
The Rights of American Citizens
Right to -
protection from unfair actions of the govt
receive equal treatment
retain basic freedoms
Equal Treatment
Amendment V - states that no person shall "be deprived of life, liberty, or property without due process of law."
due process
- govt must follow procedure established by law and guaranteed by the Constitution
Amendment XIV - grants citizens "equal protection of the laws."
Basic Freedoms
Amendment I est. fundamental liberties
freedom of -
speech
religion
the press
assembly
right to petition the govt
First Amendment allows citizens to criticize the government without fear of punishment.
Amendment IX - rights of Americans not limited to those listed in the Constitution
Limits on Rights
govt balances individual rights with society's need for order and safety
Citizen's Responsibility
Participation in democratic govt comes with duties/ responsibilities
duties
- required by law
responsibilities
- voluntary actions
Duties - obey the law
- pay taxes
- defend the nation
- jury duty
- attend school
Responsibilities - be informed
- know your rights
- respect others
- be accountable
- support family
Vote, Vote, Vote!
Most important responsibility as an American is to
vote
.
right to participate in govt
The Constitution
is the supreme law of the United States of America
Approved by delegates at the Constitutional Convention on
17 September 1787
Ratified by all states by
20 May 1790

The White House
James Madison
Full transcript