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Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

A type of cancer in which the bone marrow makes too many lymphocytes, a type of white blood cell.
by

Ashley Gleghorn

on 12 May 2010

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Transcript of Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia A type of cancer in which the bone marrow makes too many lymphocytes, a type of white blood cell. History Symptoms Epidemiology Course Impacts Treatments Long-term Prognosis Immune System Reaction Fever
Easy Brusing/ Bleeding
Bone or Joint Pain
Painless lumps in the neck, underarm, stomach or groin
Pain or feeling of fullness below the ribs
Weakness or feeling tired
Loss of Appetite
Pale Skin
Shortness of Breath Physical Effects Psychological Effects Infertility
Growth Delays
Treatment-Related fatigue
Thyroid Dysfunction
Hearing Loss
Development of a Secondary Cancer
Changes in mood, feelings, or behavior including Depression or Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
Learning Disabilities such as spatial relationships, problem solving, attention span and problems with motor cordination Radiation Therapy Yearly physical examinations including growth, thyroid, bone and hormone monitoring.
Cranial Radiation Therapy paitents should undergo neurocognitive testing at baseline. Drug Therapy Chemotherapy is used to kill as many cells as possible, get blood counts back to normal, and get rid of all signs of disease for an extended period of time. During/After Treatment Coughing
Sore Throat
Mouth Sores
Hair Loss
Nausea/Vomiting
Rashes
Pain when urinating
Frequent loose bowel movements Conflicts with the Nervous system by making learing more difficult for the clhild.
It affects the Cardiovascular System because after years of treatment it causes higher risk for heart disease or heart related cancer.
It also affects the Skeletal System because of the damaged cells in the bone marrow that gets into the blood stream and are not able to carry out normal blood cell functions About 5,200 new cases of kids under the age of 15 were diagnosed in 2007 and the number of cases every year are still rising.
In 1962 the survival rate was 4% but today it has increased to 94%.
Another name is ALL. (Shorter Version)
Was discovered in the 1940's and had a period through 20 years where it would appear and then dissappear until 1960 where the number of cases really increased. The course takes place in the bone marrow where the blood cells are made. The cells go through a mutation in the hematopoiesis process. These abnormal cells grow rapidly in numbers but do not mature. These cells eventually find their way into the blood stream affecting the entire body and killing off the good blood cells. The disease spreads by rapidly mutating blood cells into abnormal cells that enter the blood stream and affect the rest of the body.
The disease is most common in younger children under the age of 15 for the first time, but your chances of getting it again increase after the age of 45.
Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia is the most common type of cancer in all children but occur more in boys than girls. The reason for this is still not known. The Immune System response to Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia is the movement and behavior of lymphocytes and myeloid cells, the cells the immune system uses to fight foreign invaders. Researchers are able to observe the moment that the immune system sees the foreign antigens of the cancer in the body and its response, which starts in the local draining lymph nodes. AMA SFDSFDS FDSFDS
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