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on 22 April 2015

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Transcript of DO NOW

The main purpose of America's Declaration of Independence was to explain to foreign nations why the colonies had chosen to separate themselves from Great Britain.
1. What year was the Constitution written?
2. What are the Bill of Rights?
3. Author of the Declaration of Independence?
4. What was the name of the document that served as the nation’s constitution following the Revolutionary War?
5. What are the 3 Branches of Government?
6. How many Senators sit in the U.S. Senate?

1. 1789
2. The first ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution concerning basic individual liberties
3. Thomas Jefferson
4. Articles of Confederation
5. Legislative, Executive, and Judicial
6. 100
MAGNA CARTA: The charter that King John of England issued in 1215 at the behest of his barons, recognizing the right of persons to certain basic liberties, such as due process, later also embodied in the American Constitution
Enlightenment Thinkers
Thomas Hobbes- English political philosopher. His greatest work is the Leviathan (1651), which contains his defence of absolute sovereignty
John Locke- English philosopher, who discussed the concept of empiricism in his Essay Concerning Human Understanding (1690). He influenced political thought, esp in France and America, with his Two Treatises on Government (1690), in which he sanctioned the right to revolt
Baron de Montesquieu- French political philosopher who advocated the separation of executive and legislative and judicial powers
Jean-Jacques Rousseau- French philosopher and writer born in Switzerland; believed that the natural goodness of man was warped by society; ideas influenced the French Revolution
What is Government-The formal structures and institutions through which a territory and its people are ruled

Forms of Governments
Totalitarian – government which holds absolute power (North Korea)
Monarchy – government controlled by a King or Queen who received their position of power through royal blood, often claimed to receive their power from God – divine right theory ( Saudi Arabi)
Oligarchy – government in which power to rule is held by a small, usually self appointed elite (China)
Theocracy – government in which a god or deity is the supreme ruler or the person in power rules by divine guidance (Iran)

Direct Democracy – will of the people is translated into public policy directly by the people themselves:

Republic Democracy: indirectly controlled by the people

Laissez-Faire: a system or point of view that opposes regulation or interference by the government in economic affairs beyond the minimum necessary to allow the free enterprise system to operate according to its own laws.

Age of Enlightenment
Full transcript