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Attachment Style and Conduct Disorder

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Eva Everage

on 12 December 2013

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Transcript of Attachment Style and Conduct Disorder

Attachment Style and Conduct Disorder

a. our participants will be students who have Conduct Disorder as evaluated by their guidance counselors

b. between ages of 12-16

c. males from the tri-state area
To answer our research question, we will first find adolescents diagnosed with conduct disorder:

a. to do this we plan on visiting local middle/high schools and talking to guidance counselors about students they feel match the description for individuals with Conduct Disorder

b. these students will be between the ages of 12-16, because the onset of Conduct Disorder is around age 12
- Attachment Style Questionnaire
Once we recruit participants we will give them two questionnaires:

SCID: used for diagnosis of Axis I and II disorders according to the DSM

This is to measure whether they have Conduct Disorder

Attachment Style Questionnaire: a series of statements used to assess attachment style of adolescent with parental figures through rating scales

Here we are focusing on those adolescents with avoidant and anxious ambivalent attachment styles
We are going to do a Chi Squared to test whether there is a correlation between conduct disorder and attachment style; primarily avoidant & anxious ambivalent styles

Chi Square will tell us whether Conduct Disorder is more prevalent in adolescents with one type of attachment style over the other→ thus telling us whether children with an avoidant attachment style are more likely to grow up to be diagnosed with Conduct Disorder than adolescents with an anxious ambivalent attachment style

Potential Issues

Single Parent Household vs. Dual Parent Household
Socioeconomic Background
Lack of cooperation from students

Alternate Explanations

Avoidant = lower sense of accountability to anyone but themselves
When contact was present it was negative
Attachment Theory
Further Research Questions
Relationships are attachments that are influenced by our early childhood attachments
Attachment Figures
Biologically Based
"Internal Working Models"
Three main attachment styles:
1. Secure
2. Insecure-Avoidant
3. Insecure-Ambivalent

Repeating study to add secure attachment

Conduct the same study with girls

Investigate the possibility that conduct disorder is a product of observational learning rather than an effect of attachment style.
Conduct Disorder: DSM-5 Diagnostic Criteria
Aggression to people and animals
Destruction of property
Deceitfulness or theft
Serious violation of rules
Quality of Parenting
Low quality management of children
Lack of involvement in children's lives
Severe neglect
Interactions characterized by hostility, physical violence, and ridicule
Conduct Disorder and Attachment Theory
In children with conduct disorder, more children will display insecure-avoidant attachment styles than insecure-ambivalent attachment styles

Campbell, S. B. (1995). Behavior Problems in
Preschool Children: A Review of Recent Research. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 36(1), 113-149. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-7610.1995.tb01657.x
Cassidy, J. (2000). Adult romantic
attachments: A developmental perspective on individual differences. Review of General Psychology, 4(2), 111-131. doi: 10.1037//1089-2680.4.2.111
Nolen-Hoeksema, S. (2011). Theories and
treatment of abnormality. In Abnormal psychology (5th ed., pp. 26-62). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.
Shatkin, J. P. (2009). Treating child and
adolescent mental illness: A practical, all-in-one guide. New York: W.W. Norton &.

(Cassidy, 2000)
(Nolen-Hoeksema, 2011)
(Shatkin, 2009)
(Nolen-Hoeksema, 2011)
(Shatkin, 2009)
(Campbell, 1995)
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