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Roger Sherman

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Kailey Robertson

on 15 October 2012

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Transcript of Roger Sherman

Roger Sherman By Kailey Robertson (1721-1793) Roger Sherman was born in 1721 in Newton, Massachusetts, near Boston. His father later moved his family to a small frontier town, where Roger received little formal education as he grew up. Though Sherman took an interest in learning and reading to supplement his lack of formal education, he spent long hours laboring as a farmer and learning to be a shoemaker from his father. At the age of 22 he moved to New Milford, Connecticut, where he opened a store and became the county surveyor. Here he won a variety of town offices and leadership positions and came to the forefront of leaders in the community. He soon began a successful law firm and published an essay on monetary theory and a series of extremely popular annual almanacs. By the age of 40, he had become a very successful landowner and businessman, and he was appointed commissary to the Connecticut Troops at the start of the Revolutionary war. Sherman's distinguished political and judicial career began when he was accepted to the Bar of Litchfield in 1754, despite his lack of formal education. He would later be selected to represent New Milford in the General Assembly the following year. He was appointed justice of the peace, and four years later justice of the Superior Court of Connecticut. His leadership experience and political reputation allowed him to be elected to the Continental Congress in 1774, where he served on many committees. He served on the Committee of Five that drafted the Declaration of Independence and eventually served on the committee forming the Articles of Confederation. Sherman attended the Constitutional Convention in 1787 where he was one of the most vocal and persistent members; James Madison's notes on the convention credit him with 138 speeches. As the representative of Connecticut, he fought for the rights of small states, and he presented the idea of the Great Compromise (Connecticut Compromise). Sherman held a strong stance against paper money, and he authorized Article 1, Section 10 of the Constitution (aka, the part that gives Congress the ability to coin money), and he also helped create the Three-Fifths Compromise. Despite Sherman's humble beginnings, he became a successful man that was well respected by his peers; Thomas Jefferson said of him: "That is Mr. Sherman, of Connecticut, a man who never said a foolish thing in his life." Sherman was the only person to sign all four great state papers of the US: The Continental Association, the Declaration of Independence, the Articles of Confederation, and the Constitution. He died from typhoid fever at the age of 72 in 1793 while serving as US Senator from Connecticut.
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