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The Galapagos Penguin

An Endangered Animal Species
by

Ellen Mak

on 5 November 2012

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Transcript of The Galapagos Penguin

The Galapagos Penguin An Endangered Animal Species By: ELLEN MAK Taxonomy Kingdom-Animalia Phylum-Chordata Class-Aves Order-Sphenisciformes Family-Spheniscidae Genus-Sphenicus Species-S.mendiculus Scientific Name The scientific name of the Galapagos penguin is Spheniscus Mendiculus. Physical Characteristics * they are about 36-50cm tall and weighs about 1.6-2.5kg * their feet and beak are black *they have pink patches around eyes * they are seen black and white Habitat The Galapagos Penguins live on small, rocky islands. They choose places with lots of food source but they have to watch out for predators like seals and crabs. two penguins on an island Diet These penguins are carnivores. They eat many species of fish. They also eat krill,shrimp, and sometimes crustaceans. school of fish Reproduction There are less than 1000 breeding pairs of Galapagos Penguins in the world. Breeding begins when the temperature of the sea surface falls to around 24°C.Most nests are seen between May and January. Adults stay near the breeding area during the year with their mate that they have chosen for life. When the penguins are breeding, incubation takes 38–40 days with both parents helping out. The Galapagos Penguin mates for life. One parent will always stay with the eggs or chicks while the other is away. Movement The Galapagos Penguins move in the water to catch their food source. They can swim up to 40km/h. They are usually seen in colonies but they are generally small. Map of Distribution The Galapagos Penguins are endemic to the Galapagos Islands, west of Ecuador. Most penguins are found on the shores of Isabela and Fernandina. Fewer are found on the islands of Santiago, Santa Cruz, Bartolome, and Floreana. These birds do not
migrate. The Galapagos Penguins protect their feet from getting sunburned by holding their flippers over them when on land. The Galapagos Penguin is the third smallest species of penguin. INTERESTING FACTS Did you know... The Galapagos Penguin is the only species of penguin found in the northern hemisphere. The Galapagos Penguin are one of the worlds rarest penguins with an estimated population of less than 800 breeding pairs. How did your animal become endangered? The Galapagos Penguin became endangered by... the El Nino global weather pattern and ocean pollution the El Nino is a climate pattern that happens across the tropical Pacific Ocean roughly once every five years, usually around Christmas. A warm ocean current flows along the equator and south of the coast of Ecuador, increasing the sea's tempature, killing fish, plants, and other animals around. The Galapagos Penguins then become hungry, and they neglect to reproduce. These flightless birds are then lifeless, skinny, and sad. penguins surrounded by crabs and hawks (predators). * eyes are brown beak for catching food brown eyes Black and white skin The Galapagos Penguin How many are left in the world??? There are now less than 1600 Galapagos Penguins left in the world. Because of the El Nino, the water currents were changed and severely affected their food supply. Many adults died of hunger and weren't able to reproduce in such stressful conditions. very sad Galapagos Penguin They live in warm places, not the cold. So they often go in the water to cool off so they don't get too HOT. I'm very sad!!! What did humans do to impact them? Good Way: We are helping the penguins by making artificial lava nests for them because cats, rats, and ants break the nests that they make. Bad Way: Humans impacted the Galapagos Penguins by other peoples careless in the water. Some penguins can get stuck in fishing nets and they are also damaged by dirty water. Oil spills are dangerous to the Galapagos Penguins. Oil spills happen when a boat carrying oil has an accident. The ocean then will become dirty very quickly, and the Galapagos Penguins become in danger. What consequences will we face if they become extinct? If the Galapagos Penguins do become extinct, then the fish population around their area will increase. Also, their predators, seals, hawks, and crabs might get very hungry and die. This process is just like the food chain, if one species dies, others die and the pattern goes on. * 1 pair of flippers used for swimming flippers White-tipped Reef Sharks Sally Lightfoot Crab Galapagos Sea lions Galapagos Hawk Predators: How can we help save them?? We can help save them by... * putting waste where it should go, not in the water *clean up what you put in the water (like fishing nets) Why should we help save them?? We should help save them because these penguins species might be gone forever and other species might also disappear. RANDOM PICTURES scar from bite two penguins bill dueling penguin on an island two swimming penguins Thanks for watching!!! Yeah!!!! Bibliography http://birding.about.com/od/Seabirds/p/Galapagos-Penguin.htm

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Galapagos_Penguin

http://www.communigate.co.uk/ne/penguins/page19.phtml

http:/a-z-animals.com/animals/galapagos-penguin

http://www.photovolcanica.com/penguinspecies/Galapagos/GalapagosPenguinPhotos.html

http://www.theanimalfiles.com/birds/penguins/galapagos_penguin.html

http://www.marinebio.net/marinescience/02ocean/enmarfb.htm

http://www.penguins-world.com/galapagos-penguin.html

http://www.konicaminolta.com/kids/endangered_animals/library/sea/galapagos-penguin.html Glossary Incubation- sitting on bird's eggs in order to hatch them Endemic- means to be found only in that area
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