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John F. Kennedy - and what he did for the CRM

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on 4 May 2014

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Transcript of John F. Kennedy - and what he did for the CRM

Arrangement
1. Introduction (Civil Rights Address)

2. Biography of JFK

3. What did JFK do for the Civil Rights Movement and the Afro-Americans in the USA?

4. Comment

5. Activity
We are confronted primarily with a moral issue. It is as old as the Scriptures and is as clear as the American Constitution.
The heart of the question is whether all Americans are to be afforded equal rights and equal opportunities, whether we are going to treat our fellow Americans as we want to be treated. If an American, because his skin is dark, cannot eat lunch in a restaurant open to the public, if he cannot send his children to the best public school available, if he cannot vote for the public officials who will represent him, if, in short, he cannot enjoy the full and free life which all of us want, then who among us would be content to have the color of his skin changed and stand in his place? Who among us would then be content with the counsels of patience and delay?
One hundred years of delay have passed since President Lincoln freed the slaves, yet their heirs, their grandsons, are not fully free. They are not yet freed from the bonds of injustice. They are not yet freed from social and economic oppression. And this Nation, for all its hopes and all its boasts, will not be fully free until all its citizens are free.

http://www.milestonedocuments.com/documents/view/john-f-kennedys-civil-rights-address
John F. Kennedy
and what he did for the Civil Rights Movement
http://www.americanrhetoric.com/speeches/jfkcivilrights.htm
Biography
Name:
John Fitzgerald Kennedy
Born:
May 29th, 1917 in Brookline/Massachussetts
Father:
Joseph Patrick Kennedy (American business man, investor and government official)
Mother:
Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy
8
siblings
Wife:
Jacqueline Lee Bouvier
3
children
, one of them died 2 days after its birth

General Facts
Education & political career
• Went to school in Connecticut until he was 18
• Graduation in 1935, went to a school in London and after that in the USA
• 1936-1940: Harvard University for political sciences
• 1939: worked in the London embassy
• 1940: final degree in political sciences
• 1940s: worked for the naval intelligence
• 1947: the Addison’s disease was diagnosed (functional deficiency of some part of the kidney)
• 1952: election into the senate
• 1953: married Jacqueline Bouvier
https://picklyman.wordpress.com/2010/10/27/interesting-photos-of-american-presidents-as-kids/
• 1953-1961: senator of the State of Massachussetts
• 1961: inauguration as the 35th President of the US
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/picturegalleries/worldnews/8355032/The-Kennedy-family-in-pictures.html?image=2
John F Kennedy and Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy on their wedding day in Newport, Rhode Island, 1953
Death
Where?
Dallas, Texas
When?
How?
By whom?
Why?
22nd November, 1963
Several gunshots
Lee Harvey Oswald
Motive: not clear, mostly all evidence concerning L.H. Oswald pointed the other way
Warren Comission, launched by subsequent President Johnson, was meant to do research on the case
one year later: conclusion that Oswald was the only delinquent
Prison mug shot of L.H. Oswald
http://edition.cnn.com/2013/11/16/us/jfk-assassination-conspiracy-theories-debunked/
What John F. Kennedy did for the Civil Rights Movement
and the Afro-Americans in the USA
Situation of the blacks in the 1960s:
'Seperate but equal' segregation of black and white; should be living in the same conditions, but public places for the blacks were not kept clean and they did not have the same chances
no right to vote!
aim of the Civil Rights Movement: equality
http://www.artprize.org/sara-gauthier/2011/abraham-martin-and-john
http://revcom.us/a/096/segregation-en.html
JFK: started taking party for the CRM in 1957
Presidential campaign 1960: achieved more popularity in the black society because he helped Martin Luther King out of prison
won campaign close to Richard M. Nixon
Civil Rights Adress, 11 June 1963
March on Washington, August 1963
No, because later the civil rights legislation could have cost him the re-election.
Did he only help MLK to get the small amount of votes from the blacks to win?
he was criticized for that hesitant behaviour
http://www.msnbc.com/politicsnation/june-11-1963-george-wallace-john-ke
Personal Comment
http://jstor.tumblr.com/post/67754406469/dr-martin-luther-king-on-president-kennedys
Activity - True/False Statements
John F. Kennedy was killed by Lyndon B. Johnson.
John F. Kennedy's wife's name was Eleanor Roosevelt.
The 'F.' in his name is for 'Franklin'.
Kennedy was born in Brookline.
Sources
http://www.hdg.de/lemo/html/biografien/KennedyJohnF/
http://22november1963.org.uk/why-did-lee-harvey-oswald-kill-president-kennedy
http://civilrights.jfklibrary.org/
http://www.thekennedys.de/blog/2011/05/john-f-kennedy-und-die-afroamerikanische-burgerrechtsbewegung/
http://www.americanrhetoric.com/speeches/jfkcivilrights.htm
http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stand_in_the_Schoolhouse_Door
http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_F._Kennedy
http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/john_kennedy_and_civil_rights.htm
http://john-f-kennedy.de.tl/Home.htm
http://www.thekennedys.de/blog/2011/05/john-f-kennedy-und-die-afroamerikanische-burgerrechtsbewegung/
"John F. Kennedy" by Alan Posener, Rowolt Verlag
'Civil Rights Address' by John F. Kennedy
June 11, 1963
John F. Kennedy at the age of 10
Presidency
1961
• took actions in the Cold War and the Vietnam War
• Negotiations with Soviet Union (also about Western Berlin)
http://npsglobal.org/eng/component/content/article/147-articles/1049-50-years-after-the-cuban-missile-crisis.html
1962
• October 28th: end of the Cuban Missile Crisis
1963
• February: draft bill: right to vote for Afro-Americans
• May: race riots in Birmingham/Alabama, JFK sent federal troops to protect the blacks
• June: wanted to push through the equality of the couloured folks in public life at the congress
• June 26th: visited Berlin, held famous anti-communist ’Ich bin ein Berliner’-speech
http://bio.bwbs.de/Willy_Brandt_und_John_F__Kennedy_B56.html
• August 28th: March on Washington with Martin Luther King JFK welcomed the leaders in the White House
Full transcript