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mexico powerpoint

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Oliver Hernandez

on 9 January 2017

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Transcript of mexico powerpoint

MEXICO
Brief History
Olmecs
-first civilization in Mexico
1500-400 BCE
-urban society supported by corn, beans and squash
-Developed calendar and writing system
-Large stone carvings of heads
-Polytheistic
300 BCE to 800 CE
Mayans
-no large animals such as horses, and oxen (which would come later with the arrival of Europeans)
-ridged field system
-cotton and maize as well as cotton textile
- city states were ruled by the same king
-belief in gods who maintained agricultural cycles in exchange for honors and sacrifices
-religious warfare for the purpose of gaining slaves
1400-1521 CE
Aztecs
-based in the city of Tenochtitlan (the future Mexico City)
-expansionist policy, imposed heavy taxes and captives
-12 million people
-no bureaucracy
-tribute system
-road system
Aztecs
1519
Hernan Cortes landed in Mexico
-new technology intimidated the natives (ships, gunpowder, metal armor)
-1521 conqured the Aztecs and extended rule over natives
Hernan Cortes on a Spanish Bank Note
1810
-Miguel Hidalgo, a Ceole priest, led revolt against Spanish rule
-Beginning of Spanish colonial rule
-Jose Morelos led revolutionaries against loyalists
Rebellion
Jose Morelos
Miguel Hidalgo
1821
-Mexico wins independence from Spain
-Conditions still remain the same
-creole elites still in power
1860's
French Conquest
-Led by Louis Napoleon
-Rebellion led by Mexican Liberal Benito Juárez
-Cinco de Mayo (celebrates Mexican victory over French)
1870's
Porfirio Diaz
-President of Mexico
-foreign corporations came to dominate Mexican economy
-alliance with Roman Catholic Church
1910-1940
Mexican Reolvution
-Francisco Madro challenged rule of Diaz
-Diaz deposed in 1911
-Madro executed
-Alvaro Obregon rose as president in 1920
-Series of weak rulers
Effects
-end of hacienda system
-government began to recognize labor unions
-growth of business class
1940s-1980's
Modernization
-1940s-1950's:
Anti-Communist movements
-1940's-1960's:
Replaced imported goods with production of their own products
-1970's-1980's:
Discovery of oil reserves in Mexico
1980's-Present
P
E
R
S
I
A
Politics
-Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI)
-recently lost control to National Action Party (PAN) in 1997
Economy
1980s-1990s:
-Collapse of price of oil in 1982 left Mexico in debt
-gave up nationalized industries and trade barriers, became part of North American bloc dominated by the US
-became an export platform
-government encourages local industries through financial support, customs protection, and tax exemption
-struggles to gain more economic independence
-Free-market economy
-Federal Republic
Religion
-mostly Roman Catholic
-separation of church and state
-Basilica of Guadalupe:
site of many pilgrimages
located in Mexico City
Shrine of Our Lady of Guadalupe, Mexico’s patron saint
Social
-extensive social class system
-large gap between wealthy minority and poor majority
-importance of family ties
Social Class System
Peninsulares
Creoles
Mestizos/Mulattoes
Native Americans
Spanish born
American born Spanish
Mixed
-Hacienda System:
Feudal system
-Encomienda:
Protection for natives
Intellectual
-Written and spoken language: Spanish
-established many institutes of higher learning (such as National Polytechnic Institute)
-Mexican chemist Mario J. Molina shared the Nobel Prize in Chemistry (1995)
-prediction of growth of money spent on technological advances in Mexico
Art
-European influence
-indigenous themes reappeared in attempt to return to pre-colonial artwork
-became more globalized
ex:) elements from Asia
-Diego Rivera
The
Flower
Seller
Role In Modern World
-Sixth largest producer of oil in the world
-Not a member of OPEC or any petroleum production related organizations
-Serves as export platform
-Corporations (i.e. Ford, Chrysler, General Electric) build factories employing Mexican workers to produce automobiles, auto parts, and electronic goods for sale abroad
(maquiladora factories)
-owned by U.S., Japanese, and European countries
-considered "sweatshops"
- produce parts and products for sale abroad
News Article
Began to depend heavily on oil revenue
-redistribution of land to peasants
-poor economy
-corrupt government (series of weak rulers)
-small wealthy elite class
-large poor and uneducated class
-restricted trade under Spanish rule
-not allowed to industrialize until later on
-Redistribution of land after Mexican Revolution
-land fragmentation
-lack of capital investment
-debt after oil price drop in 1982
FUN FACTS
The Zacahuil, a mexican tamale, is 3 ft long and weighs 150 lbs
mexican state is named after a dog breed(Chihuahua)
The Mayans had a secret weapon: Hornet Bomb
Millions of Monarch Butterflies migrate to Mexico every year from the U.S and Canada
The government recognizes 68 indigenous Mexican languages as official national languages
The pinata might have originated from China
Mexico lies on the ring of fire, which indicates regions most affected by earthquakes
Charreria (similar to rodeo) is Mexico's national sport
...but soccer is one of Mexico's most popular sports
The Aztecs used cocoa beans to make a chocolate drink similar to hot chocolate but cold and with chili peppers
Mariachi
-mexican folk music
-use of instruments introduced by the Spanish (guitars, vihuela, violins)
Baile Mexicanos
-traditional mexican dance
Agua Fresca
-means "fresh water"
-mexican drink
-water blended with fruit
-cool refreshing drink
Bibliography
"46 Interesting Facts About Mexico." 46 Interesting Facts about Mexico. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 June 2013.

"A Brief History of Mexico." Mexican History, from Madero to Zapata, Poncho Villa, & Cardenas. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 June 2013.

"History of the Olmecs and Aztecs." History of the Olmecs and Aztecs. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 June 2013.

"Mexico : Ethnic Groups." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 02 June 2013.

"Mexican Languages." DonQuijote. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 June 2013.

"Mexico: Society and Culture." Mexico Society and Culture. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 June 2013.

Princeton, Review. Princeton Review Cracking the Ap World History Exam, 2014. [S.l.]: Random House, 2013. Print.

Zemansky, Fernanda Santos And Rebekah. "Death Rate Climbs as Migrants Take Bigger Risks to Cross Tighter Borders." The New York Times. The New York Times, 21 May 2013. Web. 02 June 2013.
Photos
http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-ZA0uijwKF9c/UC0kVy6LtnI/AAAAAAAAAQk/b-d4NIEjm2U/s1600/aztec_ancient_map_tenochtitlan.jpg
http://www.thecurrencycommission.com/banknotes/Slov-ID181-1000.jpg
http://www.diegorivera.org/images/famous/flowerseller.jpg
http://www.formulamexicana.com/uploads/2011/05/CHARRERIA8.jpg
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/c/c3/Mexico_national_football_team_seal.svg/200px-Mexico_national_football_team_seal.svg.png
http://hilahcooking.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/12/mexican-hot-chocolate.png
http://tamalli.net/storage/Zacahuil.jpg?__SQUARESPACE_CACHEVERSION=1341584142662
http://www.too-cute-chihuahuas.com/images/mexican_chihuahua.jpg
http://www.delange.org/Guadalupe/Dsc00150.jpg
http://0.tqn.com/d/latinamericanhistory/1/0/i/1/-/-/Diaz.jpg
Full transcript