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Yukon Residential Schools

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Davida Wood

on 9 March 2017

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Transcript of Yukon Residential Schools

Yukon Residential School
History of Residential Schools
The First Residential Schools in Canada opened in the 1870s

The last Residential School to close in Canada was in Saskatchewan in 1996.

1920 - Compulsory attendance for all children ages 7-15 years. Children were forcibly taken from their families by priests, Indian agents and police officers.

In 2011 the list of recognized Indian Residential Schools contains 140 schools across Canada
Carcross Indian Residential School
In 1891 Carcross Indian Residential School opened at 40 Mile
After the original school burned to the ground it was relocated at Choutla in 1910
In 1969 Carcross Indian Residential School closed down
This school was in operation for 78 years
Baptist Indian Residential School
Baptist Indian Residential School was opened in 1947 in Whitehorse
It closed in 1968
This school was in operation for 21 years
St. Paul's Indian Residential School
St Paul’s Indian Residential School opened in 1920 in Dawson City
St Paul’s closed down in 1943
This school was in operation for 23 years
Lower Post Indian Residential School
Lower Post Indian Residential School opened in 1951 in Lower Post, British Columbia
The doors of Lower Post closed in 1975
This school was in operation for 24 years
Yukon Hall Indian Day School
Yukon Hall Indian Day School was opened in Whitehorse in 1956
Yukon Hall was closed in 1965
This school was in operation for 9 years
Coudert Residence
This school was in operation in Whitehorse prior to 1956
Shingle Point
(predecessor to All Saints, Aklavik)
Shingle Point Indian Residential School opened in 1922
Shingle Point closed its doors in 1925
This school was only in operation for 3 years
Grouard Indian Residential School
Many Yukon Children who were non-status Indians were sent to this school in Alberta
Grouard opened in 1939 and was closed in 1962
This school was in operation for 23 years
Residential School Information
While First Nations children were taken from their homes and often sent to the school that was farthest from their home communities, if a community had a minimum of seven non-native students, the government was obligated to provide a schoolteacher for these students.
Residential School Information
Thousands of children died in Indian Residential Schools or in hospitals far away from their families. Often their families had no idea they were even sick and were not able to be there to assist their children or say their last good-byes. For many, they were not even aware of where their children were buried.
Residential School Information
Many of the children at these schools suffered indescribable abuses, whether it was physical, sexual or emotional.
There are children who attended these schools who now as adults suffer from complete cultural lapses-blockage in which they are unable to recall any of their childhood experiences or learnings prior to attending these schools
Intergenerational Trauma
The effects of unresolved psychogenic trauma on Aboriginal people, termed generational, intergenerational or multigenerational grief, has been described by the Aboriginal Healing Foundation as:Intergenerational or multi-generational trauma happens when the effects of trauma are not resolved in one generation. When trauma is ignored and there is no support for dealing with it, the trauma will be passed from one generation to the next. What we learn to see as “normal”, when we are children, we pass on to our own children. Children who learn that physical and sexual abuse is “normal”, and who have never dealt with the feelings that come from this, may inflict physical abuse and sexual abuse on their own children. The unhealthy ways of behaving that people use to protect themselves can be passed on to children, without them even knowing they are doing so (Aboriginal Healing Foundation, 1999:A5).
These schools were the source of the many problems and concerns:
They were breeding grounds for potentially fatal diseases like smallpox and tuberculosis.
Students were not allowed to practice Aboriginal customs or speak Aboriginal languages.
They were poorly maintained to the point of posing serious safety and other health hazards.
They were the source of great animosity between the government and Aboriginal parents who refused to let their children be taken away from them.
Residential School Information
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