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The life and works of Fyodor Dostoevsky

basically Dostoevsky's biography but mostly centering on his works throughout his life.
by

josary solorzano

on 9 January 2013

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Transcript of The life and works of Fyodor Dostoevsky

Background and Early life of
Dostoevsky Political Activity and Arrest Dostoevsky Works The life and works of Fyodor Dostoevsky
by: Josary Solorzano “It is not the brains that matter most, but that which guides them — the character, the heart, generous qualities, progressive ideas.”
-Fyodor Dostoyevsky Political
Activity: He was a Russian novelist, journalist, and short-story writer whose psychological penetration into the human soul had a profound influence on the 20th century novl.
Dosty is commonly regarded as one of the greatest psychologists in the history of literature.
He specialized in the analysis of pathological states of mind that lead to insanity, murder, suicide and in the emotions of humiliation, self-destruction, tyrannical domination, and murderous rage.
Literary modernism, existentialism, and various schools of psychology, theology, and literary criticism have been profoundly shaped by his ideas.
Each of his books are famous for its psychological profundity In Summary~~~ Dostoevsky background and early life
Dosty was born on Nov. 11 [Oct. 30, Old Style], 1821, Moscow, Russia. Died Feb. 9 [Jan. 28, Old Style], 1881, St. Petersburg
Dosty was not born into the landed gentry (nobility).
Dosty was always in need of money
Dosty and his older brother, Mikhail, were home school at a young age.
As a child & student, Dosty was drawn to Romantic and Gothic Fiction (Ex. Friedrich Schiller etc.)
Dosty mother died in 1837. His father's sudden death (1839) however is now regarded by many scholars as a myth
Shortly after the death of his mother in 1837 he was sent to St. Petersburg, where he entered the Army Engineering College.
He marries Maria Isaev in 1857. By 1864-65, his wife and his brother Mikhail die. In 1867, he married Anna Snitkin.
Overall, Dostoevsky parents, brother, and wife all died. Dosty also experienced his life "flashing before his eyes".
Dostoevsky Political Activity & Arrest
Dosty joined a group of intellectuals who discussed utopian socialism
Dosty eventually joins a related group called the Petrashevsky Circle, a group devoted to revolution & illegal propaganda. Him and the members were arrested on April 23, 1849.
Dosty spent 8 months in Siberian prison until December 22, the prisoners were led w/ out warning to the Semyonovsky Square (there a death sentence was planted on them. 3 prisoners were led out to be shot first)
This experience in his life lead him to realize that life is worth living for.
Dostoevsky Works
Became a Russian novelist, journalist, and short-story writer
Basically, he was best known for his profound influence of the psychology of human "souls" on the 20th century novels.
Also: Of how he used his own personal life experiences in his novels. Dosty family: Dosty father, a retired military surgeon, served as a doctor at the Mariinsky Hospital for the Poor in Moscow
Dosty's father was a stern, suspicious, and rigid man
His mother however, a cultured woman from a merchant family, was kindly and indulgent.
He had only one older brother named Mikhail (Born Nov. 11 [Oct. 30, Old Style], 1821, Moscow, Russia. died Feb. 9 [Jan. 28, Old Style], 1881, St. Petersburg ) Dosty's Education
In 1833 Dosty was educated at home, before being sent to a day school & then to a boarding school.
Dosty was a student in the Academy of Military Engineering in St. Petersburg, a career as a military engineer having been marked out for him by his father.
Dosty graduated as a military engineer, but resigned in 1844 to devote himself to writing. Dosty's love and death “The soul is healed by being with children"
-Fyodor Dostoevsky Love:
He and his older brother Mikhail were entranced with literature
from a young age.
Dosty was drawn to Romantic and Gothic fiction
In 1857 Dosty married Maria Isaev, a 29-year old widow.
In 1867 Dosty married Anna Snitkin, his 22-year old stenographer,
who seems to have understood her husband's manias and rages.
They traveled abroad and returned in 1871. Death:
Dosty's mother died in 1837.
Some 40 years after Dosty's death it was revealed that his father, who had died suddenly in 1839, might have been murdered by his own serfs; however, this account is now regarded by many scholars as a myth
In 1864-65 his wife (Maria) and brother died and he was burdened with debts, and his situation was made even worse by gambling. “The darker the night, the brighter the stars" “The soul is healed by being with children.”
In the book, Crime and Punishment, Raskolnikov feels more at ease when he is in the presense of a child. For example, Sonia's little sister. He felt "touched" when she gave him a hug.
~ Based on this example & the qoute, it relates to both Dosty & Rask b/c they both share that sense of comfort or that they are "healed"by a child. (Dosty from Anna and Rask from Sonia little sister).
~Esp. since they both experience loss and pain
*So, in a way, Raskolnov's is similar to Dosty. COMPARISON TIME !!!! In 1846 he joined a group of utopian socialists called the Petrashevsky Circle
He eventually joined a related, secret group devoted to revolution and illegal propaganda
*This other group he joined lead him to experience imprisonment. In 1846 he joined a group of utopian socialists called the Petrashevsky Circle
He eventually joined a related, secret group devoted to revolution and illegal propaganda
*This other group he joined lead him to experience imprisonment. Dosty's Experience His Insight Relation to his works Arrest: On April 23, 1849, he and the other members of the group were arrested.
They were sentenced to death
Sent to imprisonment in Siberia.
Dosty spent eight months (4 in hard labor & 4 as a soldier) in prison until, on December 22, the prisoners were led without warning to the Semyonovsky Square.
At the last possible moment before Dosty's life was taken, a messenger arrived with the information that the tsar had deigned to spare their lives. Dosty passed several minutes in the full conviction that he was about to die.
The execution led Dostoyevsky to appreciate the very process of life as an incomparable gift.
And to value freedom, integrity, and individual responsibility all the more strongly. In his novels, characters repeatedly imagine the state of mind of a man approaching execution.
For example, Raskolnikov in Crime and Punishment.
* After Raskolnikov murders Alyona and her sister Lizaveta, he continues to have in his mind that he will be caught and arrested.
~So, in other words, Dosty portrays his imprisonment experience on the characters of his novels. About Dostoevsky~~ Fyodor Mikhaylovich Dostoyevsky
Dostoyevsky was at first lionized, but his excruciating shyness and touchy vanity provoked hostility. It was always in his way of socializing.
Always prone to nervous illness, Dostoyevsky suffered from depression. Dostoevsky Books Dostoyevsky is best known for his novella Notes from the Underground and for four long novels: Crime and Punishment, The Idiot, The Possessed (or The Demons and The Devils), and The Brothers Karamazov. (cont.) Dostoevsky Works He soon began translating books to earn extra money.His 1st book he translated was called the "Poor Folk "(original: Bednyye lyudi 1846)
Each of his books are famous for its psychological profundity
These major works are also renowned as great “novels of ideas” that treat timeless and timely issues in philosophy and politics
Psychology and philosophy are closely linked in Dostoyevsky's portrayals of intellectuals, who “feel ideas” in the depths of their souls ***By the time of The Brothers Karamazov (1879-80), Dostoevsky was recognized in his own country as one of its great writers. His Inspirators Vissarian Belinsky
Friedrich Schiller
Sir Walter Scott
Ann Radcliffe
Nikolay Karamzin
Aleksandr Pushkin
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